A Moon of Nickel and Ice

A fascinating journey into Russia's most secretive city

A Moon of Nickel and Ice The mining town of Norilsk sits in the heart of the Siberian Arctic, bathed in the billowing smoke and sulphur of its mills and factories. Built by Gulag prisoners under Stalin, Norilsk remains a mysterious place, haunted by its past suffering. While miners ponder lost comradeship and teenagers dream of escape, artists and descendants of the Gulag prisoners seek to shed light on Norilsk’s dark past, long since buried under the Siberian ice.

“If we wanted to pay our respects to the first builders, those who dug the mines, who extracted the nickel and copper, we would be looking for their tombs in vain. The eternal ice is their graveyard”, says Lev Aleksandrovich, “Norilsk was a closed-off city. A prison city. It remains closed-off even today. It’s barely discussed, and its history is unknown”.

The extraction of nickel is the main purpose of the Siberian city of Norilsk, and has been since it was built by prisoners in the mid-1930s. Those forced to work there were intellectuals and patriots, confused by the harsh treatment they received from their beloved USSR. Barely a memory remains of those prisoners today; Norilsk Nickel has erased them from its past, replacing the truth with fables of eager new-comers. “Without the company, there is no city. The company decides about everything here”, says a local man struggling against the authorities in a bid to reveal the truth.

Several of Norilsk’s inhabitants campaign for the revival of the city’s lost collective memory, using drawings from prisoners and evidence of mass graves to uncover a brutal history. They claim that “without the past, we can’t move forward”. Others, such as the miners, are more interested in a return to the recent past. Gone are the Soviet Era days of financial stability and job security, “now I have to choose between flying and drinking” complains one man.

The workers risk their lives on a daily basis, braving the physically and psychologically “merciless environment” of the mines. Some plan to stay in Norilsk forever, and are grateful just to have a job that allows them to provide for their families. Many, however, are keen to leave. The youth are the most hopeful of escape, and are often the only ones who succeed in leaving the city. One teenager, an aspiring writer, compares her reality to Orwell’s 1984; another says that “the city is in stagnation”. Soon after, a slogan sweeps across a digital screen in town, ironically reading “Norilsk Nickel a world of opportunities”.

This documentary combines poignant moments of reflection with mundane daily activities; a group of men go swimming, people dance in a bar, teenagers listen to music and excitedly discuss moving to St Petersburg. This intimate look at life in Norilsk explores its harsh present, troubled past, and uncertain future.
FULL SYNOPSIS

The Producers


François Jacob is a self-trained filmmaker who has mainly directed short fiction so far. His early work includes The Singing Tomorrows (2014), The Sun (2010), and The End of the Train (2008). A Moon of Nickel and Ice is his first feature documentary project. He currently lives and works in Montreal.

Making The Film


Our film reveals the everyday life and the stories of the inhabitants of an eerie Gulag at the edge of the planet. We observe miners operating deep within the bowels of the earth and teenagers desperate for a change. We follow the Mayakovksi theatre’s artistic director, who joins forces with a local editor to reveal the truth behind the Gulag’s brutal legacy in an attempt to pay a moving tribute to the victims. Our immersive operatic film invites the viewer into the harsh lives of these marooned Arctic Russians, who find solace in comradery and escape plans. By filming our protagonists from close-up, capturing the rhythm of their daily lives, our film offers an intimate look at their relationship with the outside world and their search for a better life. We wanted to portray this uprooted population in a fair and moving way, as their work, carried out in such extreme conditions, provides the rest of the world with the precious resources it needs.

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