Papua New Guinea -

Votes for Cash

OPIS PAPO RALLY 1

TAPES 2 AND 3

 

NATSOT

00.24

THIS IS ELECTIONEERING PNG

STYLE.

NAT SOT

TO OUTSIDERS IT MIGHT SEEM

THIS ELECTION IS A

REFERENDUM ON SIR JULIUS

CHAN'S LEADERSHIP,

FOLLOWING THE SANDLINE

MERCENARY CRISIS AND THE

ARMY REVOLT.

00. 42

BUT VOTING IN PNG IS MORE

INTRICATE AND MORE LOCAL

THAN THAT. THIS ASTOUNDING

PASSION FOR DEMOCRACY IS

DRIVEN BY THE TANTALISING

REWARDS THAT GO TO THE

WINNER - AND THOSE WHO

BACK HIM.

MAP?

 

OPIS RALLY CONT

 

01.22

THIS ELECTORATE IS AT THE

FAR WESTERN END OF THE

HIGHLANDS - A RUGGED REGION

OPENED UP BARELY 30 YEARS

AGO. ITS PEOPLE ARE

RENOWNED FOR THEIR

VOLATILITY. THOGUH THEY'VE

PUT THEIR TRIBAL WARS ON

HOLD FOR THFELECTION, THE

SYSTEM THATS EVOLVED IN

PNG MEANS MOST PEOPLE VOTE

FOR LOSERS.

 

PTC 1

NB: TOP WITH DRUMMING

SHOTS

 

THIS IS ONLY ONE OF SCORES OF

ELECTION RALLIES TAKING

PLACE IN THIS MOST VIBRANT

OF DEMOCRACIES . BUT

THAT VERY

VIBRANCE CONTAINS THE

SEEDS OF ITS OWN

UNDERMINING. HERE IN LAGAIP

PORGERAWE HAVE 53

CANDIDATES. LAST TIME WITH

FAR FEWER THE WINNER GOT IN

WITH 9 PER CENT OF THE VOTE -

THIS TIME WE COULD HAVE 19

OUT OF 20 BACKING LOSERS.

 

ANTON

- CAR - TAPE 6

 

02.15

THIS IS THE MAN NINE OUT OF

TEN DIDN'T WANT LAST TIME -

BUT ANTON PAKENA STILL GOT

MORE VOTES THAN ANYONE

ELSE. HE'S THE SIITING

MEMBER WITH MONEY TO

SPEND ... OVER THE PAST FIVE

YEARS MR PAKENA, LIKE OTHER

MP'S, RECEIVED WELL OVER

ONE MILLION DOLLARS TO

SPEND AS HE SAW FIT IN HIS

ELECIORATE.

MR PAKENA'S BIGGEST PROJECT?

TO CONSTRUCT A ROAD TO HIS

HOME AREA. HIS RE-ELECTION

CAMPAIGN HE SAYS IS COSTING

HIM SIX HUNDRED

THOUSAND DOLLARS.

 

ANTON PAKENA GRAB

 

YOU GOTTA HAVE VEHICLES -

AT THE MOMENT 1 AM RUNNING

12 VEHICLES ON THE ROAD ALL

NEW ONES AND YOU'VE GOT TO

FEED THE PEOPLE, TINNED FISH,

PACKET RICE, COFFEE, SUGAR

AND SO ON AND YOU'VE GOT TO

GIVE THEM MONEY AND SO

MANY THINGS

Q: YOU'VE GOT TO GIVE THEM

MONEY OR THEY WON'T

SUPPORT YOU?

A: RIGHT - IF YOU DON'T GIVE

THEM THE MONEY THEY WON'T

SUPPORT YOU.

 

"HEGGS" - TAPE 6

EXTERIOR AT END

AND COBWEB SHOTS

WALK THROUGH TAPE 6

 

I ASKED MR PAKENA TO SHOW

ME A PROJECT HE'D SPONSORED

FROM HIS ELECTORAL

DEVELOPMENT FUND. HE

BROUGHT ME HERE - WHERE

270,000 DOLLARS WENT ON A

FAILURE.

MR PAKENA PUT UP THE

CAPITAL WHEN SOME OF HIS

SUPPORTERS FANCIED AN EGG

BUSINESS. BUT POOR QUALITY

CONTROL AND HIGH PRICES

MEANT THE VENTURE

COLLAPSED

 

PAKENA GRAB TAPE 6.9.03

 

Q. SO THE 200,000 IT'S WASTED?

A: WASTED. NOT ONLY THIS

PROJECT BUT OTHER PROJECTS

THROUGH IN THIS AREA.

 

SEAN QUESTION TAPE 6.9.50

Q: IS IT FRUSTRATING?

A: IT'S NOT EMBARRASSING ME -

BUT VILLAGERS.

 

WALK OUT, TAPE 6.12.10

FOR MR PAKENA THIS BUSINESS

FAILURE IS ACTUALLY A

POLITICAL SUCCESS ... DESPITE

NB: REST OF CUTAWAYS OF

EMPTY CHICKEN HOUSE

THOUGHT TRACK

PAKENA GRAB TAPE 6.10.20 -

10.31

 

THE STAGGERING WASTE THE

PEOPLE HE FUNDED REMAIN IN

HIS DEBT..

QCAN THIS BE SAVED NOW?

"REALLY DEPENDS ON THE

VILLAGERS, AND THE MAN WHO

STARTED THE PROJECT. I'VE

DONE MY PART AS A LEADER.

 

MINE TAPE 9

T/S TAPE 5.09.OO

TAPE 11 END

 

THE NOTORIOUS MEMBER'S

SLUSH FUNDS AS THEY'RE

KNOWN ARE NOT THE ONLY

SOURCE OF FUNDING FOR

PROJECTS - MR PAKENA'S

ELECTORATE IS ALSO HOME TO

ONE OF THE WORLD'S LARGEST

GOLD MINES.

 

EVERT VAN DEN BRAND

TAPE 9.16.25 -16.49

 

THE GOVT ITSELF RETRACTED

ITSELF MORE AND MORE , IF WE

GAVE MONEY TO ASSIST IN

PROVIDING A CERTAIN

HOSPITAL SERVICE THEN THE

NEXT THING YOU KNOW THE

GOVERNMENT IS NOT PAYING

ANY MORE IN THAT AREA

BECAUSE THEY GET MONEY OFF

THE COMPANY ANYWAY. SO WE

END UP BEING THE DE FACTO

GOVERNMENT HERE A POSITION

WE DO NOT REALLY LIKE,

BECAUSE THE GOVT IS THE GOVT

AND IT SHOULD FUNCTION HERE.

 

PTC TAPE 11.16.40

 

IF THERE'S ANYTHING THAT

ENCAPSULATES THE

NATIONAL'S GOVERNMENT'S

FAILURE TO PROVIDE SERVICES

HERE IT'S THE SAGA OF THIS

HOSPITAL. THIS MAGNIFICENT

FACILITY, IT'S THE BEST I'VE

SEEN IN PNG WOULDN'T BE HERE

BUT FOR THE MINE.

 

O'LAY EMPTY HOSPITAL PICS

 

COMPLETED 18 MONTHS AGO AS

PART OF THE DEAL THAT

ENSURED THE MINE'S OPENING,

IT' S BEEN IDLE EVER SINCE. THE

NATIONAL GOVT CAN'T

PROVIDE THE MONEY TO KEEP IT

OPERATING, IT CAN'T EVEN

PROVIDE THE MONEY TO PAY

THE NURSES

 

EVERT VAN DEN BRAND

TAPE 9.21.00

 

THE PLANS TO GET THE STAFF

INTO THIS HOSPITAL TO MAKE

IT WORKING OVER THE YEARS

WASN'T THOGUHT OUT/ (AND

THAT'S A BIG PROBLEM THAT

HAS TO BE SOLVED.

O ARE THEY ANGRY?

M RIGHTFULLY SO 1 THINK.

 

LUCAS RALLY

TAPE 10

 

06.16

SUCH ANGER PRECIPITATED THE

LARGE FIELD OF CANDIDIATES ..

ESPECIALLY AT THIS END OF

THE ELECTORATE WHERE THE

PEOPLE HAVE SEEN LrrrLE OF

THEIR MEMBER'S PUBLICLY

FUNDED LARGESSE.

HERE IN LAIGAM - FAR FROM

THE MINE - THEY KNOW WHAT

IT IS TO MAKE DO WHEN THE

GOVERNMENT DOESN'T SEEM TO

CARE

TIMOTHY TULI WIG INTERVIEW

GRAB TAPE 11.2.46

 

06.44

Q WHAT'S YOUR OCCUPATION?

WHAT DO YOU DO?

4, 1 AM A TEACHER ANY WAY. 1

AM A TEACHER. 1 WAS

TEACHING IN LAIAGAM

PRIMARY SCHOOL, AND THIS IS

MY SECOND YEAR OF TEACHING.

[HOLD FOR SMILE]

06.58

THIS IS LAIGAM PRIMARY

WHERE A LESS FORMALLY

ATTIRED TIMOTHY TULI IS A

TEACHER OF GRADE ONE. 45

CHILDREN CRAM INTO HIS TINY

CLASSROOM, WITHOUT DESKS OR

CHAIRS.

07.13

NO ONE'S HERE TODAY BECAUSE

CLASSES HAVE BEEN

SUSPENDED. THERE'S NO WATER

- AND THE BURST PIPE HAS YET

TO BE FIXED. LIKE SO MUCH IN

RURAL PNG THIS SCHOOL

SURVIVES ON THE DEDICATION

OF PEOPLE SUCH AS TIMOTHY.

 

TIMOTHY TULI SCHOOL IV

TAPE 13.25.36 - 25.50

 

07.28

I NEED MATERIALS BASICS LIKE

BOOKS PENCILS RULERS FOR

CHILDREN AND EVEN 1 NEED

SOME DESKS FOR MY

CLASSROOM AS YOU CAN SEE MY

FLOOR IS FULL OF GRASS

 

NB: CLASSROOM C/AWAYS AT

END. GRAB TAPE 13.24.12-24.26

OUR MEMBERS THEY NEVER

LOOK INTO OUR SCHOOL

PROBLEMS THAT'S ONE THING,

WHEN THEY ELECT THEM THEY

RUN AWAY FROM US AND

NEVER RETURN WITH WHAT

THINGS WE NEED.

 

OPIS PAPO DRIVES TO RALLY

END TAPE 1 BEGINNIHG TAPE 2

 

"OPIS PAPO" - SOUND UP

08.04

ONE CANDIDIATE CLAIMING

HE'S NOT FROM THAT SCHOOL IS

OPIS PAPO, A UNIVERSITY

GRADUATE STILL IN HIS

TWENTIES.

WITH 53 CANDIDATES, AND NO

DEDICATED PARTY ALLEGIANCE,

THE VOTE IS TRULY A LOTTERY

BUT OPIS PAPO KNOWS THE

NUMBERS COULD WORK IN HIS

FAVOUR. AS HE JOLTS UP AND

DOWN THE ONLY ROAD HE'S

PREPARED TO PLAY THE

SYSTEM.

 

OPIS PAPO GRAB

TAPE 5.30.12

 

IF YOU HAVE BIGGER

POPULATION IN YOUR VILLAGE

THEN YOU JUST GET

AUTOMATICALLY ELECTED JUST

FROM VOTES FORM YOUR

VILLAGE THAT'S WHY I'M

SAYING THAT IT'S EASIER FOR

YOU TO GET ELECTED IF THERE

ARE MORE CANDIDATES.

 

OPIS PAPO RALLY

 

OPIS PAPO'S CAMPAIGN IS

AGGRESSIVELY LOCAL .

CAPITALISING ON GRIEVANCES

AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT .

BUT MOST OF ALL THE MINE.

THE MINE PUT HIM THROUGH

UNIVERSITY, BUT 02 RAGES

AGAINST IT, SELLING HIMSELF

AS CHAMPION OF THE

ORDINARY VILLAGER.

 

OPIS PAPO GRAB

TAPE 5.15.30 - 15.54

 

MOST OF THE PEOPLE ARE SEMI

EDUCATED AND ILLITERATES -

SO THEY FIND IT HARD TO

UNDERSTAND WHAT'S GOING ON

IN MORESBY AND ABOUT

CORRUPTION - WHAT THEY SEE

WITH THEIR OWN EYES IS THE

MINE IT'S THE PHYSICAL THING

THEY SEE. AND THEIR

EXPECTATIONS FROM THE MINE

ARE NOT DELIVERED, SO THATS

THE ONLY THING THEY SEE AND

HEAR AND TALK ABOUT.

 

RALLY CONT - OPIS SOUND UP

 

NATSOT - "THE MINE USED

YOUR LAND FOR ITS

CHECKPOINT - IT SHOULD PAY

YOU COMPENSATION.

AND DID YOU GET ANY

COMPENSATION FROM THE MINE

FOR YOUR LAND?

[REPLY] NO WE GOT NOTHING"

OPIS PAPO'S ALSO TAKEN UP

THE CAUSE OF PEOPLE

LIVI{ffOWNSTREAM THE

MINE CLAIM ITS

POLLUTING THEIR RIVER.

PEOPLE LIKE JOSEPHINE PAWE,

WHO HAS THE FAITH COMMON

HERE THAT THE LEADER SHE

SUPPORTS WILL, IF ELECTED,

LOOK AFrER HER.

 

JOSEPHINE GRAB

TAPE 4.19.05

 

Q WHO DO YOU THINK WILL WIN?

H. IN THIS ELECTION 1 THINK OPIS

PAPO WILL WIN - AND IF HE

WINS, I'M GOING TO HAVE A

GOOD LIFE.

JOSEPHINE PAWE'S VILLAGE YU

YAN IS NOT THAT EASY TO GET

TO. SHE WANTS A NEW ROAD

LIKE THE ONE THE SIITING

MEMEBR, ANTONPAKENA, IS

BUILDING TO HIS PLACE.

 

DIRTY RIVER

 

THE VILLAGERS COMPLAIN

THAT THEIR RIVER HAS BEEN

RUINED AND 'E CROSS

WITH MR PAKENA

 

JOSEPHINE PAWE

TAPE 4.16.02

 

ME TOO 1 AM NOT HAPPY WITH

HIM BECAUSE HE IS NOT GIVING

ANY SERVICE TO ME FOR MY

ROAD OR MY CHILDREN WHEN

THEY GET SICK, HOSPITAL OR

SOMETHING LIKE THAT

 

JOSEPHINE GRAB

TAPE 4.15.49- 15.56

 

THE MAN REPRESENTING US TO

PARLIAMENT FOR 5 YEARS IF

HE DOESN'T DO ANYTHING THE

PEOPLE USED TO GET CROSS BUT

WHAT ARE THEY GOING TO DO?

 

JOSEPHINE WASHES BABY

TAPE 4

 

THE PEOPLE HAVE LITTLE SAY

IN WHO WILL LEAD THE

COUNTRY - THE MEMBERS

DECIDE THAT WITHOUT

REFERENCE TO THEM ... SO LIKE

JOSEPHINE PAWE, PEOPLE

ACROSS PNG TEND TO FOCUS ON

THEIR HOMES AND THEIR

VILLAGES.

WHAT'S IMPORTANT TO

JOSEPHINE IN THIS ELECTION IS

THAT THE MAN SHE THINKS

WILL WIN IS FROM HER

HUSBAND'S CLAN.

 

JOSEPHINE IN VISION

TAPE 4.18.02 -18.10

 

WHEN WE GIVE OUR VOTE TO

OPIS PAPO WHEN HE GOES TO

PARLIAMENT HE'LL BE LO(ÄNG

TO OUR NEEDS SO THAT'S WHY

WE SUPPORT HIM NOW.

 

TAPEDEND

SOL TARO IN SHOP

 

UNLIKE JOSEPHINE, THIS MAN

SOL TARO IS A BEENFICIARY OF

THE SITFING MEMEBER'S GOOD

WILL ... EVEN THOUGH HE'S

HARDLY IN NEED.

IN THE LAST ELECTION HE

DELIVERED HIS VILLAGE TO

ANTON PAKENA AND WAS

SHOWERED WITH MONEY FROM

THE PULIC PURSE - ONE

HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS

WORTH OF VEHICLES, MONEY

FOR A CHURCH AND TEN

THOUSAND DOLLARS IN CASH

TO START A BUSINESS .

 

NB: IV IN PIDGIN

SOL TARO GRAB

TAPE 8.4.06 - 4.20

 

SO AFTER MY BUSINESS

PROPOSALS FAILED TO GET

THROUGH, 1 USED UP THIS

MONEY, BUYING DRINK, BUYING

BEER, BUYING FOOD. 1 HAVE A

BIG FAMILY AND THAT 10,000 1

COULDN'T HOLD ON TO IT.

 

TAPE 7

ANTON PAKENA WITH VOTERS

 

THIS YEAR 6 CANDIDATES FROM

SOL' S CLAN ARE STANDING BUT

SOL IS A PAKENA MAN. HE 'S

PROMISED MR PAKENA SIX

HUNDRED OF HIS PEOPLE'S 820

VOTES - DIRECTING THE REST

TO OTHER CANDIDATES., TO KEEP

THEM SWEET.

 

Q AT TAPE 8.5.10 [2 SHOT]

YOU SUPPORTED ANTON PAKENA

WHY?

SOL TARO REPLY TAPE 8.5.39

 

BECAUSE HE'S A MEMBER AND

MEMBERS HOLD THE KEY TO THE

MONEY. THEY GUARANTEE OUR

BUSINESS VENTURES AND

SUPPORT US. FOR THIS REASON 1

SUPPORTED ANTON LAST TIME.

1 SUPPORTED HIM AND HE GAVE

ME A TRUCK - IT'S OVER THERE

A BIG DYNA. HE GAVE IT TO ME

/ / CUT TO

 

CUT TO TAPE 85.10 - 7114

 

WHENEVER WE ARE SHORT OF

MONEY TO BUY A CAR OR

WHATEVER HE WILL HELP US.

 

ANTON PAKENA - LEAVES HQ

TAPE 7. AFTER IV

 

MR PAKENA HASN'T TIME FOR

EVERYONE. HE SAYS THE

DEMANDS ARE ENDLESS.

 

ANTON GRAB

TAPE 7.16.16 -

16.32

 

THE MOST COMMON IS SCHOOL

FEES AND HOSPITALS BECAUSE

THIS IS A REMOTE AREA AND

THEY DON'T UNDERSTAND THE

BUSINESS

Q IF YOU DON'T GIVE THEM THE

MONEY THEY'RE AFTER WHAT

THEY DON'T VOTE

FOR ME, 1 HAVE TO GIVE THEM

 

TAPE 1 - WAITING

NB: SUBTITLE SONG

 

SONG: "1997 - PETER IPPATAS

IS STANDING IN THE ENGA

REGIONAL ELECTION"

 

WIG MAN SMOKES PIPE

STRING BAND PLAYS MUSIC

 

THESE PEOPLE ARE SINGING THE

SONG THEYVE COMPOSED FOR A

CANDIDATE - WHO NEVER

SHOWS UP. THIS ISN'T

UNUSUAL. THER'ES AN

ARROGANCE THAT COMES FROM

NOT HAVING TO RELY ON

MAJORITY SUPPORT. IN THE

LAST ELECTION ONLY 5 OF THE

109 MEMBERS WON MORE THAN

FIFTY PER CENT OF THE VOTE.

 

SEAN DANCES WITH KIDS-

SOUND BREAK

 

AND WHILE PEOPLE HERE ARE

GOOD AT ENTERTAINING

THEMSELVES - AND EVEN A

VISITING JOURNALIST THEY

UNDERSTAND POLITICS IS A

GAMBLE. MOST MEMBERS LAST

ONLY THE ONE TERM. SO MANY,

 

CARD GAME

 

SUSPECTING THEY HAVE BUT

FIVE YEARS TO GET RICH, GO

FOR IT WITH BRAZEN ABANDON.

 

OPIS PAPO BREAKAWAY – TAPE 13

 

WAR CRY - SOUND UP

AS THE CAMPAIGN CLOSES,

RIVALRIES INTENSIFY. THESE

SUPPORTERS OF OPIS PAPO

BREAK AWAY FROM A RALLY

AFTER THEIR MAN IS DENIED

ACCESS TO THE PODIUM. THE

CROWD IS ROWDY BUT

RELATIVELY GOOD HUMOURED

 

TAPE 13.9.40 - SOUND UP

SUBTITLE

 

OPIS SPEECH - PIDGIN

YOU PEOPLE ARE ALONE [9.42]

NO ONE CARES FOR YOU NO ONE

PITIES YOU NO ONE FIGHTS FOR

YOU[9.51] YOU ARE LOSERS YOU

COLLECT RUBBISH AND EAT

DUST [9.57]

 

OPIS TAPE 13 CONT

 

THERE'S BEEN NO VIOLENCE YET.

THE FEAR IS THAT WILL COME

AFTER THE COUNT ...WHEN

THERE ARE 52 LOSERS. LIQUOR

IS BANNED, THERE'S A CURFEW

AND EXTRA POLICE ON ALERT ...

BUT IN THE VOLATILE

PROVINCE OF ENGA ALL THAT

MAY NOT BE ENOUGH.

 

ANTON PAKENA - SUPER

AGAIN HERE TAPE 7.10.35

10.58

 

 

PEOPLE HAVE WEAPONS TO PROTECT THEM.

FIGHTING HAS BEEN HERE, IT'S

A PART OF OUR LIFE, EH HEH,

ENGA CUSTOM IS PART OF OUR LIFE

Q. Can you see that coming to an

End?

No, no that won't end Fighting won't end

a Why?

: Because we're born with it and

we'll die with it, it's our custom.

 

IMPI - UP THE ROAD

TAPE 13

 

THE GREATER WORRY THOUGH

IS THIS NEWER CUSTOM OF

ELECTING MEN WITH ONLY A

FRACTION OF THE VOTE TO

RETURN FROM PORT MORESBY

WITH RICHES FOR THE LUCKY

FEW.

PUBLIC FAITH IN PNG'S

DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS IS

SORELY TESTED - BUT THE ONLY

ONES WHO CAN CHANGE THE

SYSTME ARE THOSE ELECTED

THANKS TO IT.

 

ENDS

16.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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