DISPATCHESIRAQ’s SECRET WAR FILES PART ONESCRIPT 16/10/2010
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PRE TITLE Archive Barack Obama Oval office address 1st September 2010Voice Only – use very best stunning pics of Iraq Our combat mission is ending. But our commitment to Iraq’s future is not. Iraqi people now have lead responsibility for the security of their country
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Best Action Pictures + ActualityBIJ Computer Shots + C/U screen ‘Secret’ ‘Classified’ After seven years of fighting US combat troops have left Iraq. UPSOF “We’re going home! We won! It’s over. America! We brought democracy to Iraq!”But tonight we tell the story of that war and occupation that the US military doesn’t want you to know – the one they wrote themselves.
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Bureau looking at docs on computers Dispatches has been sifting through nearly four hundred thousand secret army documents to uncover the full, and unreported, horror of the conflict. It’s the biggest leak of official documents in history.
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Graphic 1 Steve Burrell 1 Generic Cloud 1(Using War fighting image in background) Tonight we reveal that US troops were killing more civilians than insurgents at checkpoints.. That they killed people who were trying to surrender, that even after the scandal of Abu Ghraib, US soldiers continued to abuse prisoners,and how the Coalition turned a blind eye to the torture and murder of detainees by the Iraqi security services.
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TITLESDISPATCHESIRAQS SECRET WAR FILES TITLES
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Actuality Najaf cemetery. Tilt down from the sky to reveal the massive graveyard at Najaf This is the cemetery at Najaf, in southern Iraq. It has existed for a thousand years, and is the biggest in the world . Since the invasion by Coalition Forces to topple the dictator, Saddam Hussein in 2003, it has expanded by 40%. It now covers over three square miles .
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SYNC gravedigger patriarch Naja Abu Salah Everyone in Iraq has been affected by the violence. Some days we buried two hundred, sometimes more sometimes less These were the numbers we had to deal with
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Caption President George Bush 8 April 2003 The United States and it’s coalition partners respect the people of Iraq we are taking unprecedented measures to spare the lives of innocent Iraqi citizens.
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BIJ Computer Stuff There is often a difference between what Political leaders say in public and what they may have known in private, as we discovered when we received a computer memory stick from Wikileaks – the whistleblowers website. It contained nearly four hundred thousand secret reports known as SIGACTS – that’s short for ‘significant actions’ . With the exception of a couple of months, they wereall logged by the military in Iraq between 2004 and 2009.
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Dr Toby DodgeQueen Mary University This is almost military anthropology. This is a blow by blow account of individual American soldiers and how they react
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But it was raw data, so, together with the Bureau of Investigative Journalism in London we built a computer programme to analyse them. We used key words to search specific subjects , looked for patterns in the data, decoded hundreds of military acronyms and read tens of thousands of reports. We have no way of knowing just how accurate or comprehensive these reports are, but they do show what the US Army knew and when. We showed them to Dr TobyDodge who has advised both the UK and the US Governments on Iraq . One concern was that the documents named ordinary American troops and Iraqi civilians. We have deleted those details
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TOBY DODGE SYNC Much more problematic for the Americans is the insight these leaks give into their modus operandi, how they’re functioning on the streets. The escalation of force, the killing of innocent Iraqis, I think paints a damning picture of a culture of force protection to the exclusion of everything else.
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News actuality of kinetic raid on house. Upsof We got a shooter on the roof. US soldiers grab manCaption George Bush: 14 April 2004 News actuality: we got a shooter on the roof George Bush: We will continue taking the greatest care to prevent harm to innocent civilians yet we will not permit the spread of chaos and violence.
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Initially the Americans stated that weren’t recording a ‘body count’ or casualty figures and left it to others. But they were.
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Graphic 2 Rob Warner 1 MAP REVEALING INCREASING DEATH REPORTSIn corner of screen put 2004-2009109,03266,081176,000Graphic 3 Rob Warner 2MAP AGAIN WITH ACCUMULATING DEATHS REPORTS UNDER THE FOLLOWINGRED DOTS TURN TO BLUE WHERE IT IS CIVILIANS In the files we found just over one hundred and nine thousand deaths. With our software, the location of every one can be mapped to reveal, that after six years of killing, no part of the country had escaped the bloodbath. Despite George Bush’s assurance, the majority of these, over 66,000, were civilians that’s nearly two thirds. Also recorded among the Sigacts – 176,000 wounded. In Baghdad , Iraq’s capital.. the secret reports expose, for the first time, what kind of place the US and Britain are leaving behind. Because we can identify the location of each incident, we can also show that hardly a single street corner has escaped a bomb, murder or atrocity.
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ACTUALITY NEWS REPORT ACTUALITY (News Report) Saddam Husseins Palace hit by a dozen bombs Baghdad under the fiercest bombardment yet.
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The coalition hoped that the removal of Saddam Hussein would win them the hearts and minds of Iraqis. Instead they found themselves under attack from insurgents.
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Graphic 4 Steve Burrell 2 Generic Cloud (Suicide Bombing Aftermath)under commentaryTransition to: Our analysis of the secret reports shows that on average, over the six years they cover, Improvised Explosive devices, or IED’s were being detonated at a rate of 30 a day Many of which were carried by suicide bombers and the reports contain some chilling examples
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Graphic 5 Steve Burrell 3 Generic Cloud (Suicide Bombing Aftermath) Highlight the wordsActual Report with words being read “A 12 – 14 year old boy wearing a back pack and on a bicycle rode into the intersection, and the boy detonated his explosives” highlighted in 3D form) NOTE TO STEVE CAN YOU MAKE THE WORDS A LITTLE BIGGER & MORE CONTRAST BECAUSE THE BLACK LETTERS ARE ON A DARK BACKGROUND & SO A LITTLE HARDER TO READ HEREDifferent US soldier V/OReport racking number: 20070321114538SKC5864279499Transition to US V/OA 12 – 14 year old boy wearing a back pack and on a bicycle rode into the intersection, and the boy detonated his explosives
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Graphic 6 Steve Burrell 4 Actual Report with words being read “Intelligence Assessment: Al Qaeda is using mentally handicapped persons to target coalition forces” highlighted in 3D form Report Tracking Number:20080212154938SMB2114795196Different US V/O US V/OIntelligence Assessment: Al Qaeda in Iraq is using mentally handicapped persons to target coalition forces.
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Under the circumstances it’s not surprising that troops manning checkpoints or riding convoy lived in constant fear, and some simply opened fire on anyone and anything .
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Graphic # Steve Burrell # Actual Report with words being read “The platoon leader… was in the habit of directing Iraqi civilians to clear the road of trash and debris if he suspected it may be an IED” highlighted in 3D form Report Tracking Number:2006-160-135514-0270Report date: 2006—06-03 The most extreme reaction to IED’s we found in the reports was this one from 2006: US soldier V/O: “The platoon leader… was in the habit of directing Iraqi civilians to clear the road of trash and debris if he suspected it may be an IED”.
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Checkpoint shots Under rules of engagement, known as escalation of force anyone approaching the US military was warned to slow down and stop to be searched.
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Graphic 7 Rob Warner 3Map of Iraq with EOF incidentsShow date range 2004-2009 834 killed681 civilians2,218 civilians wounded COMM:Our analysis reveals more than 800 people were killed when soldiers opened fire in escalation of force incidents, Of these, of these, 80 %, – that’s 681- were civilians. A further two thousand two hundred were wounded.
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Dr Toby Dodge A cold analytical eye on this clearly I think indicates that far too many Iraqi civilians are being killed for no reason.
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GETTY STILLS COMM One shooting was caught on camera by a photographer embedded with a US army unit in Tal Afar, North West Iraq .
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Graphic 8 Steve Burrell 5Generic cloud over getty stills and under commentary. Transition to: A married couple, Camille and Hussein Hassan were driving home, hurrying to beat the curfew. The US secret report gives the American version of what happened next.
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Graphic continues Actual Report with words – ‘A sedan sped toward the patrol and failed to stop after visual signs were given’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form)Report tracking number: MNB-N-14850601Transition to: US V/O:‘A sedan sped toward the patrol and failed to stop after visual signals were given’.
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(Actual Report with words – ‘a shot was fired at the front tire but the vehicle did not stop. The patrol engaged the vehicle killing 2 civilians’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form)Report tracking number: MNB-N-14850601Transition to: US V/O:‘A shot was fired at the front tire but the vehicle did not stop The patrol engaged the vehicle killing 2 civilians’
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Graphic & stills continue under commentaryTransition to: Camille and Hussein were shot dead but they weren’t alone in the car.
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(Actual Report with words – ‘there were six children in the back seat all were unharmed’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form)Report tracking number MNB-N-14850601 US V/O:‘There were 6 children in the back seat all were unharmed’
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Still Jilan screaming at the soldiers The Hassan’s fourteen year old daughter Jilan, was heard to yell out “Why did they shoot us? We were just going home”!
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Still Rakan being carried into hospital And we now know the filed report was inaccurate. Not all the children were ‘unharmed’A bullet pierced the spine of 11 year old Rakan who was rendered a paraplegic.
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GETTY STILLS The black body bags Soldiers pushing the carDOMINIC SAYS HE DOESN’T KNOW IF WE CAN IDENTIFY THE SOLDIERS EVEN THOUGH THESE ARE VERY WELL KNOWN PUBLISHED PHOTOS WHICH WON THE PULITZER The US Army offered compensation to the family of $7,500, calculated as $2,500 for each life taken, and $2,500 for the car.
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SYNCCAPTION:MICHAEL CLARKE Director, Royal United Services Institute Very often soldiers find themselves looking at a vehicle that seems suspicious and they get jumpy and then they open fire on it and of course there are cases where soldiers have lost comrades and they’re angry and they are more inclined to look for the insurgents in the next vehicle coming or the next convoy that comes down the road.
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George Bush 1st May 2003 When Iraqi civilians looked into the faces of our servicemen and women they saw strength and kindness and goodwill.
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Graphic 9 Steve Burrell 6 Generic Cloud (Checkpoint 1)First see the words Escalation of Force highlighted on screen under commentary, thenwe see the following line being highlighted on screen and read by the US V/O:One round ricocheted off the concrete hitting a six year oldReport tracking number 20080113114538SMC6737132924Transition to COMM:Our analysis of the files shows that only 13 coalition troops were killed during those Escalation of Force incidents. But firing shots near ordinary people at checkpoints was often fatal. We found 30 child killed. US V/O:“One round ricocheted off the concrete hitting a 6yr old”
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Graphic 10 Steve Burrell 7 Generic Cloud (Checkpoint 1)Reports emerge under commentary, then transition to: COMM:Sometimes little allowance was made for the fact that there may be a reason for a driver to be in a hurry.
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Graphic continues Actual Report with words – ‘doctor transporting pregnant woman to hospital was shot by coalition forces’ being read highlighted in 3D formNOTE TO STEVE PLEASE CAN YOU MAKE THE WORDS BIGGER HERE US soldier V/OReport tracking number: 20070722213038SLD9010009600Transition to: US V/O:Doctor was transporting a pregnant woman to hospital and was shot by coalition forces.
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Graphic to continue under comm.Transition to: COMM:Soldiers killed a pedestrian who they suspected was carrying something suspicious when what he had in his possession turned out to be innocuous.
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Graphic continues Actual Report with words – ‘the soldiers approached cautiously to look into the satchel to discover it contained books’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form Report tracking number:ILDNO-50169644Transition to: US V/O:‘The soldiers approached cautiously to look into the satchel to discover it containedbooks’.
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Sync ROLL 11BDr Toby DodgeQueen Mary University I think the data shows A lot of Iraqi civilians were killed because they posed a minor threat. There was almost a cavalier use of force against the Iraqi civilians in the name of force protection.
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MICHAEL CLARKE RUSI The civilians from a different culture may interpret things differently. So if there are warning shots fired, civilians might speed up rather than slow down because they’ve just heard a shot. If they see people waving at them, they may think they’re being waved away. The fact is you can never second guess what civilians in a different society are going to do.
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US soldiers at checkpoints According to a former Iraqi Police Chief, US army tactics changed over time.
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Colonel Zaid Al-SheiklyEast Baghdad Police, 2004 – 2009 During 2004 onwards they started shooting their weapons up to the sky as a warningBut after that they started shooting civiliansQUICK EDIT OF SOLDIERS SHOOTING COULD THIS BE SOMEWHERE ELSE
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COMMRoll 21 Hussam and Kareem in the incident location. We went to Iraq to find some of those who appeared in the Escalation of Force reports. To see how the Americans account compared with theirs. Hussam and Kareem Abas are survivors of one such incident which happened on this street in Baghdad. Kareem’s father, Wadee, was driving them to his restaurant where they all worked. They had only got 100 metres from their house when they found themselves surrounded by US Military Humvees.
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Actuality sync in situ It was dark, there were no signs or anything, or roadblocks. We were intending to get out and raise our hands. LOSE HERE we reversed the car, we opened the door, and they suddenly shot the door. We closed the door and slowly reversed until we reached there, and that’s when my father was shot here and here and slumped forward. The cars is reversing on its’ own and as it’s going back and the soldiers were shooting.
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Graphic 11 Steve Burrell 8NB NOTE TO STEVE PLEASE MAKE THE DIFFERENT PHRASES COME UP SEPARATELY USING THE PAUSES IN THE READING SO THAT THEY COME UP AS SEPARATE PAGESFirst under the COMM & then actual report with words – ‘signals with a vehicle mounted laser and spotlight; NEW PAGEcontinues to shout and use visual signals to stop the car.NEW PAGEFires warning shots with smallest caliber weapon; NEW PAGE firing into the ground in front of the vehicle, and firing into the engine block disabling the vehicle’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form.Report tracking number: 20080314051538SMB43559539 COMM:We cross-checked their account with the official report in the secret files – it acknowledges the death of a civilian. And it claims that Escalation of Force procedures were followed. US V/O:‘signals with a laser and vehicle mounted spotlight; continues to shout and use visual signals to stop the car. Fires warning shots with smallest caliber weapon;Firing into the ground in front of the vehicle and firing into the engine block disabling the vehicle’.
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Actuality Hussam and Kareem We told Hussam and Kareem what the Army had said in the Significant Action report.
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Hussam and Kareem actuality No! No there was no signs or anything, no signs, no warning, they rammed our car.
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COMMActuality of Hussam and Kareen back in their house. After the soldiers killed Waheed the young men allege that they were assaulted.
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Actuality Hussan and Kareem They made us lay on the ground and put their feet on our heads they ground our heads into the road, and beat me here and here Non stop beating and dragging, they dragged us here and dragged us there.
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Graphic 12 Steve Burrell 9 First under Comm, then under the actual Report with words – ‘the patrol respectfully transported the vehicle and the deceased to the family’s house in order to allow them to begin funeral preparations & conducted consequence management. Coalition forces will be preparing a condolence packet’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D form)Report tracking number: 20080314051538SMB43559539 COMM: The classified report gives a different version of events. US V/O:‘respectfully transported the vehicle and the deceased to the family’s house in order to allow them to begin funeral preparations & conducted consequence management. Coalition forces will be preparing a condolence packet’.
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In two other reports of ‘Escalation of Force’ we examined, US troops claim that they followed procedures before opening fire. But in each case, when we cross checked, the Iraqi’s involved told a different story.
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Dr Toby Dodge What you can tell is the soldiers word appears to be always taken, there’s very little questioning and the death of innocent civilians seems to be written off time after time because of the protection, the minimization of risk to American soldiers beyond everything else.
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Iraqi civilians were even more vulnerable to American attack from the air something the coalition didn’t like admitting.
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We looked at the reports of oneaerial operation called Steel Curtain- an attack on insurgents crossing into Iraq – and found they did record “collateral damage“
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In 2006, Lieutenant Colonel John Harris of the US Air Force who was involved in the operation, was interviewed on American TV.
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MR. MORAN: Do you think that civilians were killed in any of those incidents?COLONEL HARRIS: I don't know of any friendly fire--I can't say that they were or they weren't. We do our absolute best to make sure that collateral damage is minimized in every case.
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Colonel Harris didn’t appear to be aware of what was contained in the Significant Action Reports on Steel Curtain. - the deaths of 30 civilians, including a dozen children.
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Graphic 13 Steve Burrell 10Graphic actual report:Report date: 2005-11-11 17:12:00Report tracking number: 2005-316-001916-0749FFIR -- EVENTS THAT MAY ELICIT POLITICAL, MEDIA, OR INTERNATIONAL REACTIONHighlight the words read by US V/O from the report: ‘Steel curtain reported finding civilian bodies in three separate locations..’ Continue Graphic under commentary.Transition to: US V/O:Steel Curtain reported finding civilian bodies in three separate locations.. .
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DOM REWRITE THIS LINE BECAUSE THIS PUTS ALL THE BLAME FOR THE INSURGENCY ON THE USA The US military were responsible for so many civilian casualties, that they pushed more and more of the Iraqis they had hoped to win over into insurgency. By 2007, four years after the invasion, the country had descended into anarchy.
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George Bush January 10-11 2007.Archive – White House speech January 2007 The situation in Iraq is unacceptable to the American people, and it is unacceptable to me, our troops in Iraq have fought bravely, they have done everything we have asked them to do, where mistakes have been made the responsibility rests with me.
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Bush with PetraeusTeam look at secret war logs The President dispatched a new commander, General David Petraeus, who announced a change in tactics on the ground to protect civilians and better target the insurgents. It was called “The Surge” .It involved the increasing use of air power.
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Michael Clarke RUSISYNC The usefulness of air power in counter-insurgency is as a monitor. You use it to see what’s going on and to listen to, collect intelligence. But using it either for bombing or for attacking, or strafing a building on the ground, or somewhere where you think insurgents are hiding, is very dangerous indeed.
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Collateral Murder videoI suggest starting with the machine gun fire, then having the commentary up to proves a point. Then go to the bit where they fire at the van and the soldier picks the little boy out of the van and carries him for the next bit. Come on FireThis video filmed from the cockpit of an Apache helicopter, which was leaked, proves the point. Come onTwo Reuters journalists were killed and two children were wounded after the helicopter opened fire. I got a wounded girl I need to take to Rustamayah..
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Collateral Murder VideoPedestrian walks past building as hellfire missile is fired into it. The helicopter video also shows a hellfire missile being fired into a building after the pilot claimed 6 insurgents were hiding in it . But, in the military record of this incident there’s no mention of the pedestrian walking past when the missile was fired.
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We’ve discovered from the raw data that 80% of hellfire missiles – that’s over thirteen hundred - were fired after the start of Petraeus’ Surge
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Boys with goats and sheep We travelled to a remote rural location, three hours from Baghdad, to find the survivors of one of the most shocking attacks
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SYNCBoy We were walking behind Allawi looking at him then we heard a huge explosion. After the explosion we couldn’t see anything because of the smoke. Then we went to where he was standing and all we could find were pieces of flesh . We started screaming until our family arrived.
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GRAPHIC 14 Steve Burrell 11Transition to: According to the secret record , US forces, who were conducting surveillance, thought an Improvised Explosive Device, or IED, was being planted.
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Graphic 14 Steve Burrell 11 (continued) Actual Report with words – ‘Five IED emplacers who were trying to blend in with a sheep herd’ being read in US V/O & being highlighted in 3D formReport tracking number:20080228131338SLC90305380 US V/O:‘Five IED emplacers who were trying to blend in with a sheep herd’.
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Actuality Khodeir Elias Abdullah (uncle) We heard the noise of an explosion and we rushed to the site. The children came towards us screaming “Allawi has been blown to pieces”! We collected the remains bit by bit. His head was more that 100 metres away. We wrapped everything up in a blanket.
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Graphic 14 Steve Burrell 11 (continued) Actual Report with words “Carnage 27” and “IED emplacers” being highlighted, centre screen in 3D formReport tracking number:20080228131338SLC90305380 The Significant Action report shows that two Apache attack helicopters, using the call-sign ‘Carnage Two Seven,’ let off 50 rounds from their machine guns and launched a Hellfire missile at the ‘emplacers’ .
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MICHAEL CLARKERUSISYNCUSE PICS OF HELLFIRE DESTROYING TANK WITH HELLFIRE MISSILE. They were an anti-armour helicopter designed for the Cold War to confront columns of Warsaw Pact tanks(tank explodes here)And the Hellfire missile is a battle field missile; it’s pretty powerful and it is designed to be used against armoured vehicles or concentrations of troops.
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Helicopter shots COMM:The crew had a made a horrifying mistake. They hadn’t blown up insurgents.
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Graphic 15 Steve Burrell 12Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form and read out by US V/OIt was six children digging for roots to use as fire wood. After the 13 year old boy was killed, the other children ran out of fear. Report tracking number:20080228131338SLC90305380 US V/O:’It was six children digging for roots to use as fire wood. After the 13 year old boy was killed, the other children ran out of fear’.
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Boys sync It happened because of the Americans. They brought us freedom?Where is the freedom they have brought us? They have brought us only slaughter and killing.
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Bureau computer shots Our analysis of the reports shows that the military acknowledged only a hundred and three civilians killed as a result of air strikes in six years.
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SYNCDr Toby DodgeQueen Mary University The figure 103 is ludicrously too low. Air power is a very blunt weapon. By using air power regularly, in fact increasing the use of air power as the occupation goes on, you’re undoubtedly killing a great deal more civilians than the US’s own internal assessment suggests
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Collateral Murder Video+ Apache shots/ And buried away in the files on air strikes we discovered another reference to the helicopter in the leaked video - callsign “Crazyhorse One Eight”UPSOT “This is crazyhorse one eight -Look at those dead bastards “It’s one of the most grotesque incidents we found and involved their treatment of insurgents who wanted to surrender.
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GRAPHIC 16 STEVE BURRELL 13 Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form and read out by US V/O: ‘CRAZYHORSE 18 REPORTS ANTI IRAQI FORCES GOT INTO A DUMPTRUCK, HEADED NORTH, ENGAGED AND THEN THEY CAME OUT WANTING TO SURRENDER’Date 22nd February 2007Report tracking number20070222114738SMC2443013390 CRAZYHORSE ONE EIGHT REPORTS ANTI IRAQI FORCES GOT INTO A DUMPTRUCK, HEADED NORTH, ENGAGED AND THEN THEY CAME OUT WANTING TO SURRENDER
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The helicopter crew radioed base seeking advice.
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GRAPHIC 16 STEVE BURRELL 13 (continued) Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form and read out by US V/O:‘CRAZYHORSE 18 CLEARED TO ENGAGE DUMPTRUCK LAWYER STATES THEY CANNOT SURRENDER TO AIRCRAFT AND ARE STILL VALID TARGETS’Date 22nd February 2007Report tracking number20070222114738SMC2443013390 CRAZYHORSE ONE EIGHT CLEARED TO ENGAGE DUMPTRUCK LAWYER STATES THEY CANNOT SURRENDER TO AIRCRAFT AND ARE STILL VALID TARGETS
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Moments later the two men were killed with a hellfire missile.
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Yet, we discovered four reports where insurgents were allowed to surrender to a helicopter. UPSOFWe are but simple goatherdersBut there are other examples of people putting their hands up and still being slaughtered
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The number of deaths caused by the Coalition in Iraq now revealed in the secret files is shocking. But we also have discovered that American forces were abusing prisoners long after the scandal of Abu Ghraib. And for the first time the records reveal what the Americans knew about the barbaric practices of the Iraqi security services.
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END PART ONE END PART ONE DURATION:
DISPATCHESIRAQ SECRET WAR FILES PART TWOScript 16/10/10
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Bureau searching data on computers We’ve been given access to the largest leak of military documents in history – secret American army reports logged during the war and occupation of Iraq. In all they amount to thirty eight million words and we’ve had to build a computer programme to help analyse the content. One of the most disturbing stories we’ve uncovered involves the American’s treatment of prisoners after they had been exposed in the Abu Ghraib scandal .
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Actuality News Report about Abu Ghraib Actuality News Report about Abu GhraibGood Evening The creeping nightmare of Americas involvement in Iraq took a new and darker turn today…
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ABU GHRAIB STILLSCAPTION DATE APRIL 2004. Following international outrage, changes were promised by the US Defence Secretary, Donald Rumsfeld.
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CAPTION DONALD RUMSFELD US DEFENSE SECRETARYCAPTION DATE ‘It is my obligation to evaluate what happened to make sure that those who have committed wrong-doing are brought to justice and make changes as needed to see that it doesn't happen again’.
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But we’ve unearthed 300 allegations of abuse meted out by American Forces on Iraqi prisoners, after Abu Ghraib.
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GRAPHIC 17 STEVE BURRELL 14 Graphic (Generic Cloud – Torture)DATE 2/3/2006Track number 2006-034-041519-0336Highlight and centre the words being read out:“Detainee abused on his way to Abu Ghraib…Detainee reports that he was abused during his captrure. Detainee is missing his right eye, and has scars on his right forearm”. Transition to: DATE 08/28/05Tracking number 2005-361-050037-0678“Detainee… alleged that American forces 1 punched him and hit him with weapons 2 threw urine on him and 3 applied electric shocks to his body”Transition to:1/22/2007Tracking Ref: 200701223TCN7418085716Marines grabbed( detainee by the neck, took him to a suspected (Improvised Explosive Device) IED, threw him to the ground, kicked him hard in the stomach. The detainee further alleged Marines made him start digging up the suspected IED and pointed a rifle at his neck while an unknown Marine counted 1&2&3Detainee Abuse11/12/2006Tracking Ref: 20061112120032SMB1812979272Two marines (Corporal and Lance Corporal) allegedly videotaped themselves..holding a knife to a detainee’s throat and a M( to the detainees head US V/O:Detainee reports that he was abused during his capture. Detainee is missing his right eye, and has scars on his right forearm. US V/O:Detainee alleged that….American forces 1 punched him and hit him with weapons 2 threw urine on him and 3 applied electric shocks to his body US V/O Marines grabbed( detainee by the neck, took him to a suspected (Improvised Explosive Device) IED, threw him to the ground, kicked him hard in the stomach. The detainee further alleged Marines made him start digging up the suspected IED and pointed a rifle at his neck while an unknown Marine counted 1&2&3 US V/O Two marines allegedly videotaped themselves..holding a knife to a detainee’s throat and a M9 to the detainees head
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Graphic 18 Rob Warner 4Plot detention reports on Iraq overview and zoom & move to Baghdad showing a city where seemingly almost everyone has been detained Over a six year period, the data records the imprisonment of 180,000 Iraqis. That’s one in fifty of the adult male population .
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PIX DODGE LOOKING AT DOCSDr Toby Dodge Sync A lot of innocent people, large numbers of innocent people were being hoovered up in these military operations, and then sent into a prison system that clearly couldn’t cope with them. That’s exacerbating the problems the Americans had on the ground in Iraq. Alienating the population, making them seem at best like an indiscriminate deployer of force and incarceration of innocent people.
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Man being beaten One of the main reasons given by Coalition leaders to justify the invasion of Iraq, was to put an end to the oppression and appalling human rights abuses of Saddam Hussein’s regime. They would offer the Iraqi people protection.
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George Bush 17/03/03Cross Hall White House Speech ITNRun as OOV under disturbing images We will tear down the apparatus of terror and we will help you build a new Iraq that is prosperous and free. In a free Iraq, there will be no more torture chambers The tyrant will soon be gone. The day of your liberation is near.
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Graphic 19 Steve Burrell 15 Generic Cloud (Torture 1)Under commentary Transition to COMM: But this was another hollow promise. We’ve also detected more than thirteen hundred individual cases of the torture and abuse of Iraqi prisoners by Iraqis in their police stations and army bases - witnessed or reported on by Coalition Troops .
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Graphic continues on Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form and separate these into two pages:“…subjected to torture by members of the Iraqi Army… “…he was suspended from the ceiling… the use of electric drills to bore holes in his legs..”Report date: 25th May 2006Report tracking number: 2006-146-044740-0967 US V/O:“…subjected to torture by members of the Iraqi Army… …he was suspended from the ceiling… the use of electric drills to bore holes in his legs..”
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Graphic continues Actual report with words being read highlighted in 3D form: “…tortured him by pouring chemicals on his hands, cut his fingers off, and hid him when Coalition forces visited….”Report date: 17th June 2007Report tracking number: 20090703000138SLF320190 US V/O:“….tortured him by pouring chemicals on his hands, cut his fingers off, and hid him when Coalition forces visited….”
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Dr TOBY DODGE SYNC I think if anything this is the most chilling and damning evidence in the material, I think it’s fair to say that this material indicates that they Iraqi security services, the Iraqi Police especially are using torture indiscriminately. This is incredibly damning.
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Graphic continues actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form: Detainee… Jabbed with a screwdriverStruck with cables and hoses in the arms back and legs Electrocuted Sodomised with a hoseReport tracking reference20070111120138SMB3802078610NB NOTE TO STEVE THE SECOND ONE HAS BEEN CUT HERE BUT REAPPEAR IN DIFFERENT FORM LATER US V/O:“Detainee…Jabbed with a screwdriver, Struck with cables and hoses in arms, back and legs…Electrocuted…Sodomised with a hose.”
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Tony Blair 04/02/2004 Parliamentary debate on the Hutton inquiry Upsof: Hear! hear!The best guarantee of our security is that people everywhere in the world are allowed to live their lives in decency and freedom that the knock on the door is not the knock on the door of the secret police and that in the end that freedom is what they want in Iraq what people want everywhere and what we should be giving to them
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SYNCFenik AdhamMedical Foundation for the Victims of Torture During the Saddam time, the knock on the door was from the security service,.After the occupation, the torture is done by the police and security services which is state torture and also there’s torture by militias by different groups by gangs and nobody knows who’s doing it outside the state, but the torture is widespread.
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Dr Toby Dodge Roll 11 B With torture now being endemic in Iraq this completely undermines any justification for the invasion and any morality for the occupation and the aftermath of the invasion.
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GRAPHIC 20 STEVE BURRELL 16USE FRAGO 039 DOCUMENTHighlight centre and 3D & use US V/O for quotes.“Reports of Iraqi on Iraqi Abuse be reported through operational channels..” “… provided the initial report confirms US forces were not involved in the detainee abuse, no further investigation will be conducted unless directed by higher headquarters”. But more significantly we’ve identified two similar military orders, issued in 2005 , which instructed US soldiers on how to respond to Iraqi on Iraqi abuse of prisoners Fragmentary Order 039 stated that “Reports of Iraqi on Iraqi Abuse be reported through operational channels..” “… provided the initial report confirms US forces were not involved in the detainee abuse, no further investigation will be conducted unless directed by higher headquarters”.
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And the logs also reveal that the Americans handed over suspects to the Iraqis knowing that torture was endemic in their prisons. Almost on a daily basis US soldiers filed reports of abuse and torture, by Iraqis on Iraqis.
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Graphic 21 Steve Burrell 17Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form:US soldier V/O: One detainee was diagnosed with a possible closed head injury,NEW PAGEanother with a possible jaw fracture, and the third with a possible spinal injuryReport Date: 21st June 2006Report tracking number: 2006-175-121641-0009Transition to: US soldier V/O: One detainee was diagnosed with a possible closed head injury,another with a possible jaw fracture, and the third with a possible spinal injury
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Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form:Iraqi Police and Iraqi Army shot and killed a local national… ….three marines discovered the local national after they heard the two shots fired.Report date: 2006-10-04Report tracking number:2006-293-055434-0576Transition to: US V/O: Iraqi Police and Iraqi Army shot and killed a local national… ….three marines discovered the local national after they heard the two shots fired.
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Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form NB STEVE put black strip across where I have put the word BLANK to hide the names:Iraqi Police beat them…BLANK died as a result of the abuseReport date: 2007-01-02 00Report tracking number: 20070102003538SLB9595086850Transition to: US V/O:Iraqi Police beat them... BLANK died as a result of the abuse
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Graphic continues under commentary line and then bring up Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form let the 3 words no further investigation linger longer:As Coalition forces were not involved in the alleged abuse, no further investigation is necessaryReport tracking number 2006-248-041550-0929 COMM:All these reports were markedUS Soldier V/O:“As Coalition forces were not involved in the alleged abuse, no further investigation is necessary.” In total we found twenty one ending with that phrase.
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In some cases there were investigations into torture but we don’t not know what action, if any, was taken against the Iraqi perpetrators .
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Dr Toby Dodge The US forces infamously dismantled the Iraqi Army, rebuilt it and retrained it. They constantly from 2003 through to 2009/10 retrained, had advisors amongst the Iraqi police, and yet they didn’t systematically regularly intervene to stop what they knew was happening.
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Press ConferenceRumsfeld and PaceDATE CAPTION29th November 2005 Good afternoon folks
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During a Press conference , the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Peter Pace, and the then US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld seemed at odds over what orders existed if US troops were aware of torture.
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Pace/Rumsfeld Press ConferenceDATE OF THIS Pace: It’s absolutely the responsibility of every US service member, if they see inhumane treatment being conducted to intervene to stop it.Rumsfeld: I don’t think you mean they have an obligation to physically stop it: it’s to report it.Pace: If they are physically present when inhumane treatment is taking place then they have an obligation to try to stop it.
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Adnan PachachiMember of the Coalition Authority + DATES They really did not try hard enough to stop these infringements of human rights, because they didn’t care and they wanted to let Iraqis kill each other. You know more Iraqis were killed by Iraqis than were killed by Americans or anybody else
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Dr Toby Dodge Individual cases are reported, evidence is collected, but still seems to be a culture of Iraqi impunity to use torture, because as far as we can tell, those people repeatedly using torture are not repeatedly prosecuted.
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Archive The Americans made public claims that they investigated allegations of torture in some Iraq’s prisons, on seven separate occasions, between late November 2005 and March 2006
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Archive29 November 2005 The facilities were by our standards, overcrowded, but the people being held at those facilities were being properly taken care of; they were being fed, they had water they were taken care of. So no abuse, no evidence of torture in those facilities.
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But the data shows that during the same time period, the Army recorded seventy six separate allegations of abuse of Iraqis by the Iraqi security services in other facilities and reported them up their chain of command .
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Adnan Pachachi I don’t think they turned completely a blind eye, but I don’t think they made really strenuous efforts to stop it. Either because they did not want to interfere and because also, they didn’t want to get involved.
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DOD RESPONSE HERE DOD RESPONSE HERE
One of the ways that the US wanted to hand control back to the Iraqi people was to establish and train new Iraqi security forces but these were easily infiltrated by sectarian militias with their own agendas
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Colonel Abu Sultan ZaidHead of Police East Baghdad Dates New Iraqi Army and security forces were set up with various titles. There was counter terrorism, there was the national police force, the special forces like commandos, different titles, each one serving their own agendas, each one belonged to a different political party, They were settling old scores and taking revenge. That is why we have such a huge abuse of human rights.
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M In or out of police uniform, the sectarian militia death squads of the new Iraq, were responsible for bloodshed on an unprecedented scale
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Graphic 22 Rob Warner 5Date range appears and stays on as the other figures come up on satellite image of IraqTimed with the reading2004-2009:32,563 civilians murdered10,871 shot in the head439 decapitated164 children murdered The data shows that the Americans were aware of the horrific level of the violence Over thirty two thousand five hundred murders . The vast majority, found by Coalition patrols, were unidentified corpses, dumped, often in the River Tigris.More than 10,000 were found shot in the head. Nearly four hundred and fifty were decapitated . Over a hundred and sixty were children .
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Silhouette man A senior Iraqi Army Officer, who wanted to remain anonymous, witnessed the horror.
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Silhouette Man People were killed because of who they were- either a Sunni or a Shia. If you had the Sunni name Uthman you got killed because of it. If your name was Ali you were a Shia and were killed because of that.
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CaptionAli AllawiAuthor The Occupation of Iraq In 2006/2007 you had bodies dropped at up to 100, 150 a day with drills, bodies floating in the river with terrible signs of torture and killings. And they were done by militias or policemen affiliated with militias.
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NB NOTE TO STEVE TAKE OUT in c – the line “died from blunt force trauma to the head” this should allow the words to bigger for the other lines look out for new FTP for this put up on Envy on Sunday.Graphic 23 Steve Burrell 18Generic Cloud (Tigris River 1) (Actual Report with words being read highlighted in 3D form) Words floating up:‘Floating in the Tigris’‘unidentified body had been in the water a while’‘had signs of torture’ ‘a blindfold over his eyes’‘hands tied behind his back’ ‘Burned with chemicals’ ‘body did not have head or hands’ ‘twelve year old male’‘cinder block smashed into his face and tied to his head’‘the child was about 6 years old…’ ‘…several small holes originally thought to be gunshot wounds were holes caused by a drill’US soldier V/O(A) Report tracking number 2005-232-151458-0127 (B) from these three: 20070422154538SMB396007780020070813185438SMB571008980020090421000138SMB3001088550 (c) 2006-128-154025-0052 US V/O: (A) Floating in the Tigris… US V/O:(B)Burned with chemicals , body did not have head or hands … Twelve year old male….. cinder block smashed into his face and tied to his head.... US V/O (c) THE CHILD WAS ABOUT 6 YEARS OLD…SEVERAL SMALL HOLES ORGINALLY THOUGHT TO BE GUNSHOT WOUNDS WERE HOLES CAUSED BY A DRILL
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PUT UP THE DATE – 5th September 2010GV Top shot BaghdadYoung boy walking with gunActuality Baghdad morgue While the numbers of bodies can be counted, there are no reliable figures for the numbers of Iraqis who have simply disappeared. In the Baghdad Morgue there’s a “Missing Room”. Families whose relatives are missing, presumed dead, come here to try and recognise a body.
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Baghdad Morgue actualityAthraa Mohammed They have killed my husband my father, all the men. No-one remains. All are dead.
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Baghdad Morgue actuality. Athraa Mohammed looking at the photos The photographs of 20,000 corpses are kept on file to help people like Athraa Mohammed. She’s trying to find the body of her husband who disappeared two years ago
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If he is among them, how am I going to recognize him?They are burned, tortured, disfigured and hard to recognize. How can we recognize him?
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Baghdad Morgue actuality Athraa Mohammed is one of Iraq’s one million widows.
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Actuality Athraa Mohammed in Baghdad Morgue What kind of crime is this, to leave these poor children like this, all these widows, the young men and women who were killed.
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NEW NEWS FOOTAGE COMM:There is no official agency to help people in this situation. The reports show that the US military knew the date, time and location of thousands of deaths. This data may provide answers to help these families find out what happened to their missing relativesWe also discovered that the reports show the huge contradiction between what the US were saying in public about Al Qaeda and what they were recording in private
END PART TWO END PART TWO DURATION:
DISPATCHESIRAQ’s SECRET WAR FILESPART 316/10/2010
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We’ve obtained the US military’s secret logs of the war and occupation in Iraq. They give a totally new insight into the conflict and its aftermath.
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NEWS ACTUALITY OF AL QAEDA ATTACK NEWS ACTUALITY OF AL QAEDA ATTACK UPSOF Deadly chaos in the heart of Baghdad BOOM! Explosion a man with a mobile phone filmed the second blast and took cover …… Al Qaeda etc etc
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Night time Baghdad The secret files reveal the greatest irony in America’s War on Terror – the reported link between Al Qaeda, the terrorist group behind the 9/11 attacks on the world trade centre, and Iraq. And yet again the files expose the difference between what military leaders say in public and what they know in private.
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Colin PowellAddress to the United Nations2003 Iraq today harbours a deadly terrorist network headed by Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi an associate collaborator of Osama bin Laden and his Al- Qaeda lieutenants……. Iraq officials deny accusations of ties with Al-Qaeda. These denials are simply not credible.
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But they were. The files reveal that we have been misled.
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GRAPHIC NUMBER 24 ROB WARNER 2004 Reports mentioning Al Qaeda:72004: Killings attributed to Al Qaeda in Iraq: 0 We looked for references to Al Qaeda in Iraq from the earliest days of the occupation. In 2004, there are only 7 brief mentions of the terrorist organization, and no suggestion that they had killed anyone .
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GRAPHIC # STEVE BURRELL #Using actual reports, highlighting the words said in the voice over: US V/O:Conducted a raid… captured 1 X individual and confiscated 1X computer, 1X Al Qaeda video, and an electronic device used in making an IEDTransition to:Conducted a cordon and knock… had a walk in source that reported… a known Al Qaeda…leader. Detained 3 X IZ males, No contraband was found. US V/O:Conducted a raid… captured 1 X individual and confiscated 1X computer, 1X Al Qaeda video, and an electronic device used in making an IEDDifferent US V/O: Conducted a cordon and knock… had a walk in source that reported… a known Al Qaeda…leader. Detained 3 X IZ males, No contraband was found.
GRAPHIC #Rob Warner #2008 Reports mentioning Al Qaeda: 8, 2082008: Killings attributed to Al Qaeda in Iraq:45 Coalition soldiers486 Iraqi security services1,291 civilians By 2008, however, there were more than eight thousand entries– that’s one in seven of all the Significant Action reports being filed. And Al Qaeda was linked to the deaths of 45 coalition soldiers, almost five hundred members of the Iraqi security services and nearly thirteen hundred civilians .
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Dr Toby Dodge Al Qaeda in Iraq has been created as a consequence of the American invasion of Iraq. Americans tried to break it in 2007/8 and as American troops are now drawing down, Al Qaeda is reconstituting as a major cause of death and suffering in Iraq.
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The high number of civilian casualties and events such as Abu Ghraib served as a good propaganda for Al Qaeda to exploit the situation in Iraq as did the new political system It was the Coalition’s basic misunderstanding of Iraq society that allowed Al Qaeda to flourish. Before the invasion, the majority Shias co-existed with the minority Sunnis .
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Adnan Pachachi The United States and allies came believing that Iraqi society by its nature is divided along sectarian lines. And therefore they felt that the political system they are going to encourage, to establish would have to reflect these sectarian differences.
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Archive Al Samara Mosque bombing Al Qaeda was able to take advantage of the situation to deadly effect .
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Silhouette man In 2006, Iraq was in hell, the parties, militias, Al Qaeda and the Baathists were leading and inflaming the sectarian violence.
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Our analysis of the data shows that Petraeus’ 2007 Surge against insurgents did have an effect on Al Qaeda members.
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GRAPHIC NUMBER 25: Steve Burrell 19GENERIC AL Qaeda CloudTransition to: But the reports noted that while the significant numbers of Al Qaeda in Iraq were being killed, there were plenty more to replace them.
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19 February 2008Report tracking number20080219142638SLF29202226US V/O:“S2 assessment: We have seen multiple sensitive reports indicating that a surge of suicide bombers and VBIEDS are entering Mosul in recent days... within Mosul, foreign fighters (especially Saudi) have recently been placed into positions of power with Al Qaeda Direct Action Cells... there is little to keep the hard core foreign fighters from continuing to conduct these types of attacks”. US V/O:Intelligence assessment: We have seen multiple sensitive reports indicating that a surge of suicide bombers and car bombs…foreign fighters (especially Saudi) have recently been placed into positions of power with Al Qaeda Direct Action Cells... there is little to keep the hard core foreign fighters from continuing to conduct these types of attacks.
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AL Q video In September 2008 (check) this video was seized by US soldiers in a raid. It purports to show that Al Qaeda was training Iraqi children in terrorism. That’s a claim supported by some of the reports in the secret files. We’ve uncovered ten (check) suicide bombings involving children as young as eleven. According to the reports, Al Qaeda’s child squads were called “The Hummingbird Cell”, “Birds of Heaven” and “Youth of Paradise”.
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Graphic 26 Steve Burrell 20Report date ?Report tracking number ?Transition to: The Americans identified why youngsters were attracted to Al Qaeda: US Soldier V/O: “Children are coerced into the organisation by the lure of money or presents and a sense of belonging”.
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AL Q video One report describes an Al Qaeda grenade attack on a US Military Police unit:
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Graphic 27 Steve Burrell 21Report date ?Report tracking number ? US Soldier V/O:“300th Military Police company reported seeing two males approximately thirteen years old conduct the attack on their patrol…MP’s did not engage the two males”.
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But Al Qaeda weren’t just recruiting the very young, the reports suggest they found an even more vulnerable group to use.
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Archive aftermath pet market attack In February 2008, in a pet market in Baghdad, two female suicide bombers killed seventy two and wounded a further hundred and forty seven.
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Graphic 28 Steve Burrell 22Report dateReport tracking number US V/O:“it is believed that the suicide bomber was unwitting and appears to have been handicapped”.
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One secret report reveals a raid on a mental hospital days after that bombing to arrest a doctor.
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Graphic 29 Steve Burrell 23Report dateReport tracking number US V/O:“intelligence assessment: Detainee … allegedly received unspecified payment from BLANK and BLANK (SO LEAVE THIS OUT OF V/O) to provide a list of female patients to them. These females were likely used in the 01 February dual suicide attack on local markets”
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But the most devastating attacks by Al Qaeda were large scale
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NB NOTE TO STEVE, WE HAVE TO PUT THESE TWO REPORTS THE OTHER WAY AROUND SO PLEASE COULD YOU CHANGE THE ORDER. AND ON THESE THEY’D LIKE YOU SO DISPLAY THE DATE FROM THE REPORT PROMINENTLYGraphic 30 Steve Burrell 24Actual report highlight the words:REPORT DATE: 19 AUGUST 2009‘A two ton capacity truck pulled parallel with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs building and detonated. (NEW PAGE) There were approximately 300 injured of which 100 were killed. The blast seat measured 30 feet by 30 feet. Consistent with 3000 pounds of explosive’Which will be read out by US V/OReport date 19 August 2009Report tracking number 20090819110038SMB4305087090REPORT DATE: 25 October 2009‘Two blast sites one at Baghdad Provincial Council, one at the Ministry of Justice. 61 killed and 225 wounded’Which will be read by US V/OReport date 25 October 2009Report tracking number 20091025103038SMB4342288077Transition to second actual report highlight the words: US V/O:Date: 19 August 2009:‘A two ton capacity truck pulled parallel with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs building and detonated.NEW PAGE There were approximately 300 injured of which 100 were killed. The blast seat measured 30 feet by 30 feet. Consistent with 3000 pounds of explosive.’ Date: 25 October 2009:‘Two blast sites one at Baghdad Provincial Council, one at the Ministry of Justice. 61 killed and 252 wounded.
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Huge Bomb proof T- Walls of Sunni Community in Baghdad That report is one of the last contained in the American army files.From October 2009, they started to drawdown and ship troops home and leaving Iraqis in control of their own security. Today in Baghdad the Sunnis and Shias are separated by huge walls . And the violence continues
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Silhouette man Al Qaeda has not been eliminated, and is stronger than before. Violence is going to escalate.
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Najaf cemetery These graves at the Najaf cemetery have only one word on them, its Majhoul, the Arabic for unknown and their numbers are growing.
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Dr Toby Dodge Today in 2010, Iraq is still a very violent, very unstable place. On average about 500 people a month, innocent civilians are being murdered. Violence, extrajudicial violence by the state, torture is commonplace, the political elite are resented and seen as profoundly corrupt. This is a dreadful place to live.
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Military historians will take years to properly analyse all the information in the secret files which chronicle the detail of war as never before. Others have already delivered their verdict.
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BARACK OBAMA 31 August 2010 The United States has paid a huge price to put the future of Iraq in the hands of its people. We have persevered because of a belief we share with the Iraqi people — a belief that out of the ashes of war, a new beginning could be born in this cradle of civilization.
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Silhouette man This is the democracy you brought? This is the best you can do? You have forced us to live in a terrifying nightmare of democracy
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Tony Blair OOV over graves. How can you not feel sorry about people who’ve died, you’d be inhuman if you didn’t think that. But when I’m asked whether I regreat the descision I have to say I take responsibility for it, but I can’t regret the decision.