TIMECODED TRANSCRIPT FOR TRANSLATION

TIMECODED TRANSCRIPT FOR TRANSLATION

 

'WHO KILLED CHEA VICHEA?'

 

© 2010 LOUD MOUTH FILMS

 

 

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KIMNY

My name is Chea Kimny. Chea Vichea was my husband.

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CAPTION

Finland

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KIMNY

He said he was threatened by a high-ranking person.

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KIMNY

But he wouldn't resign.

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KIMNY

If he did, what would happen to the workers?

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KIMNY

Then they'd have no one to depend on.

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KIMNY

My daughter cries.

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KIMNY

Why did my father die?

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10:01:34:16

KIMNY

Why did they shoot him?

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KIMNY

She always asks about this.

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CAPTION

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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VO

CAMBODIA.

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VO

A LAND THAT HAS SEEN MORE THAN ITS SHARE OF HARD TIMES.

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VO

A THOUSAND YEARS AGO IT WAS THE ENVY OF SOUTHEAST ASIA

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VO

AND ITS RULERS WERE WORSHIPPED AS GODS.

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VO

BUT THE TWENTIETH CENTURY BROUGHT CIVIL WAR, POLITICAL UPHEAVAL

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VO

AND THE NIGHTMARE OF THE KHMER ROUGE.

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VO

A QUARTER OF THE POPULATION DIED.

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VO

BY 2003, THE COUNTRY WAS ON THE REBOUND.

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VO

FOREIGN AID WAS FLOWING IN

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VO

AND A NEW GARMENT INDUSTRY WAS PUTTING THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE TO WORK.

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VO

AN ELECTION WAS TO BE HELD IN JULY.

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VO

THE CAMPAIGN WAS SPIRITED, BUT IN A COUNTRY SO USED TO WAR

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VO

THE THREAT OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE WAS NEVER FAR AWAY.

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VO

A WEEK BEFORE THE ELECTION

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CAPTION

Chea Vichea - President, Free Trade Union

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VO

LABOR LEADER CHEA VICHEA RECEIVED A DEATH THREAT.

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VICHEA

I think they want to kill me because

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VICHEA

of my experience in the past.

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VICHEA

I need to fight. I'm not afraid.

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VICHEA

If I afraid, like I die.

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OPENING TITLE

Who Killed Chea Vichea?

10:04:00:12

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VICHEA

My union, the Free Trade Union, is founded by workers

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VICHEA

and we protect the workers' rights.

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VICHEA

We organize demonstrations or strikes against the employers

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VICHEA

to increase the minimum wage

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VICHEA

to improve working conditions.

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VICHEA

They know me very well.

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10:04:37:22

BUN ANG

There's about 250,000 garment workers

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CAPTION

Ung Bun Ang - Opposition Spokesman

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10:04:42:13

BUN ANG

and these people all come from the countryside to the city to work.

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BUN ANG

This quarter of a million workers

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BUN ANG

supports another three quarters.

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BUN ANG

So the garment industry has been supporting about one million people in Cambodia.

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WORKER 1

Chea Vichea is a hero.

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WORKER 2

He is a very good man.

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WORKER 2

He understands the conditions affecting the workers.

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WORKER 3

He is a man who stands for justice.

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WORKER 3

When the owners step on us

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WORKER 3

we go to him for help.

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VICHEA

The majority of the workers get 45 US dollars a month.

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VICHEA

This is the basic salary.

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VICHEA

But I think Sam Rainsy can increase the minimum wage for workers.

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VICHEA

Because when we demonstrate or strike, Sam Rainsy comes

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VICHEA

to see the workers and support the workers' ideas.

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VO

SAM RAINSY LED ONE OF THREE MAJOR PARTIES CONTESTING THE ELECTION.

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VO

HE WAS A CHAMPION OF GARMENT WORKERS AND THE POOR,

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VO

AN AGGRESSIVE CRITIC OF THE GOVERNMENT

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VO

AND A STAUNCH DEFENDER OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

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VICHEA

We support the Sam Rainsy Party

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VICHEA

and the Sam Rainsy Party supports us.

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VICHEA

We need to help each other.

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VO

ALSO COMPETING WAS PRINCE NORODOM RANARIDDH

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VO

AND HIS FALTERING ROYALIST PARTY, FUNCINPEC.

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VO

BUT STANDING IN THEIR WAY WAS PRIME MINISTER HUN SEN.

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VO

THE MOST POWERFUL MAN IN THE COUNTRY.

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VO

A FORMER KHMER ROUGE COMMANDER, HE CALLED HIMSELF 'THE STRONG MAN'

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VO

HAD A PERSONAL BODYGUARD FORCE OF THREE THOUSAND MEN

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VO

AND HAD HELD ONTO POWER FOR SEVENTEEN YEARS.

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VO

HIS CAMBODIAN PEOPLE'S PARTY, OR CPP, HAD A LOCK ON POWER

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VO

DOMINATING THE MEDIA

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VO

CONTROLLING THE POLICE, THE MILITARY, THE ELECTION COMMISSION

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VO

AND ALL PROMINENT MINISTRIES.

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VO

OBSERVERS FROM THE UNITED STATES, THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ELSEWHERE

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VO

WOULD BE MONITORING THE ELECTION TO SEE IF IT MET INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS.

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VICHEA

We tell everybody clearly

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VICHEA

we will make a demonstration

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VICHEA

or support a demonstration

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VICHEA

of the Sam Rainsy Party

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VICHEA

if they are not satisfied

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VICHEA

with the results of the election.

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SON CHHAY

If he wished to have a demonstration of more than 10,000 people

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CAPTION

Son Chhay - Member of Parliament

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SON CHHAY

he's able to do that straight away

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SON CHHAY

and this is not a good thing that the government would like to happen.

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VO

IT WAS WHILE CONSIDERING SUCH A DEMONSTRATION THAT VICHEA RECEIVED THE THREAT AGAINST HIS LIFE.

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VICHEA

The text of the message said

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VICHEA

called me a dog.

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VICHEA

I will kill you on 26 July 2003.

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10:08:17:04

JASON

They went to the police and showed that number to the police

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CAPTION

Jason Judd - Labor Rights Advocate

10:08:17:11

10:08:18:19

JASON

and the police ran it down

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JASON

and told Vichea that he ought to take the threat seriously

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JASON

that he ought to disappear.

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VICHEA

One people come from the police station

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VICHEA

and asked me to leave Cambodia.

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VICHEA

But I refuse with him because I can not go abroad.

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VICHEA

For what?

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VICHEA

Because I want to stay in Cambodia,

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VICHEA

to help the people, help the workers.

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CAPTION

Chea Mony - Brother of Chea Vichea

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MONY

Even when there were threats

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MONY

or the government cracked down on big demonstrations

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MONY

he'd still do it.

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MONY

He wouldn't listen to anybody.

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VICHEA

We are not afraid of

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VICHEA

gas, dog.

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VICHEA

We afraid only gun.

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VO

IN THE FINAL DAYS BEFORE THE ELECTION, THE CAMPAIGN REACHED A FEVER PITCH.

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CAPTION

July 27, 2003

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VO

ON ELECTION DAY, HUN SEN AND HIS CPP WON MORE THAN HALF THE SEATS IN PARLIAMENT

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VO

BUT FELL SHORT OF THE TWO-THIRDS REQUIRED TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT ALONE.

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VO

HE WOULD NEED A COALITION PARTNER

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VO

BUT HIS ADVERSARIES UNITED AGAINST HIM.

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10:10:11:20

SAM RAINSY

The two main parties opposing the CPP

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CAPTION

Sam Rainsy - President, Sam Rainsy Party

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10:10:13:22

SAM RAINSY

are now together.

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VO

THEY DEMANDED THAT HUN SEN STEP DOWN BEFORE THEY WOULD NEGOTIATE A NEW GOVERNMENT.

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VO

HE REFUSED.

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VO

DESPITE THE EFFORTS OF CAMBODIA'S REVERED KING SIHANOUK

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VO

THE TWO SIDES WERE DEADLOCKED.

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VO

THE COUNTRY WAS LEFT WITH NO FUNCTIONING GOVERNMENT.

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VO

NO LAWS COULD BE PASSED. A BUDGET COULDN'T BE APPROVED.

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VO

SIX MONTHS AFTER THE ELECTION THE PARLIAMENT REMAINED EMPTY.

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10:11:00:24

CAPTION

January 22, 2004 - Chinese New Year

10:11:12:19

10:11:16:11

KIMNY

On that morning

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KIMNY

he was plucking his mustache

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KIMNY

and studying the Khmer-English dictionary.

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KIMNY

He planned on staying home with the baby.

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KIMNY

Then the phone rang.

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KIMNY

I didn't know who it was.

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KIMNY

And then I saw him preparing to leave and wondered why.

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KIMNY

He asked our daughter, do you want to go with me?

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KIMNY

She said no, I'll stay with mom.

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KIMNY

I watched from the balcony as he left.

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10:12:05:08

KIMNY

I got up and went to the kitchen

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KIMNY

Suddenly I felt like something kicked me in the chest.

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VA SOTHY

They were only a half meter apart.

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VA SOTHY

If the shooter put his hand out, he could touch him

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VA SOTHY

but I didn't see his face.

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VA SOTHY

When I asked about my husband

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VA SOTHY

they said he had been shot at Langka Temple.

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VA SOTHY

I asked, is he alive?

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VA SOTHY

They killed him.

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10:14:17:15

PRINCE SIRIVUDH

Bless the soul of Chea Vichea

10:14:17:15

10:14:18:20

PRINCE SIRIVUDH

And believe that if they

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PRINCE SIRIVUDH

kill one Chea Vichea

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10:14:22:09

PRINCE SIRIVUDH

there will be ten Chea Vicheas,

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PRINCE SIRIVUDH

one hundred, one thousand,

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PRINCE SIRIVUDH

ten thousand, a hundred thousand

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PRINCE SIRIVUDH

one million Chea Vicheas.

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10:14:35:09

KIMNY

My daughter kept asking everyone

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KIMNY

"Why does my father sleep so long?"

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KIMNY

He didn't want his children to be miserable.

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10:14:47:18

KIMNY

He would always tell people

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KIMNY

not having parents isn't easy.

10:15:02:00

10:15:08:02

HUN SEN

Murders happen all over the world.

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10:15:09:10

CAPTION

Hun Sen - Prime Minister of Cambodia

10:15:08:13

10:15:11:09

HUN SEN

Even the US can't stop them.

10:15:11:21

10:15:14:08

HUN SEN

They flew an airplane into the World Trade Center

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HUN SEN

and many Americans died.

10:15:19:00

10:15:20:09

HUN SEN

Thousands of people

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HUN SEN

but they never asked the president to step down.

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10:15:27:13

HUN SEN

One or two people die here

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HUN SEN

and they want me to resign.

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10:15:35:05

VO

POLITICAL KILLINGS RARELY YIELDED ARRESTS IN CAMBODIA

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10:15:38:09

VO

BUT VICHEA'S DEATH WAS INTERNATIONAL NEWS.

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VO

HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS AND INTERNATIONAL DONORS WERE DEMANDING ACTION.

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10:15:44:18

CAPTION

Heng Pov - Deputy Chief, Phnom Penh Police

10:15:43:23

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HENG POV

This is a drawing of the criminal

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HENG POV

made by computer

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HENG POV

which was described by the witness.

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HENG POV

If anyone sees a person who looks like this drawing

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HENG POV

please report to us immediately.

10:16:06:05

10:16:09:20

VO

Forty-eight hours later, the police brought in two suspects.

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10:16:15:14

SOUN CHHEANGLY

I wish to say that we have arrested these two men.

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10:16:27:12

CAPTION

Sok Sam Oeun - Alleged driver

10:16:24:04

10:16:27:12

CAPTION

Born Samnang - Alleged shooter

10:16:27:18

10:16:30:09

SOUN CHHEANGLY

When we questioned the suspects

10:16:31:04

10:16:36:06

SOUN CHHEANGLY

Born Samnang admitted it.

10:16:31:20

10:16:35:05

CAPTION

General Soun Chheangly - Chief, Phnom Penh Police

10:16:36:23

10:16:39:03

SOUN CHHEANGLY

That they committed the crime

10:16:39:21

10:16:43:02

SOUN CHHEANGLY

and killed Chea Vichea.

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10:16:46:13

BORN SAMNANG

I didn’t kill anyone.

10:16:46:22

10:16:49:17

BORN SAMNANG

They are top officials, they can do whatever they want.

10:16:49:17

10:16:53:00

BORN SAMNANG

They can turn white to black.

10:16:53:00

10:16:55:24

SOK SAM OEUN

They’re torturing me. God oh God.

10:16:56:11

10:17:00:04

SOUN CHHEANGLY

We worked with him the whole night

10:17:00:11

10:17:03:16

SOUN CHHEANGLY

then in the morning we arrested a second man

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10:17:06:11

SOUN CHHEANGLY

named Sok Sam Oeun.

10:17:07:00

10:17:09:23

SOK SAM OEUN

Let the earth swallow me.

10:17:10:05

10:17:12:13

SOK SAM OEUN

Let the earth swallow me.

10:17:12:13

10:17:18:22

SOK SAM OEUN

Shoot me in the mouth and let me die if I did it.

10:17:20:09

10:17:23:21

SOUN CHHEANGLY

We sent the gun for analysis

10:17:23:21

10:17:27:08

SOUN CHHEANGLY

and the results showed that

10:17:27:08

10:17:30:19

SOUN CHHEANGLY

this gun matches the bullet shells

10:17:31:00

10:17:36:05

SOUN CHHEANGLY

found at the crime scene the morning of January 22.

10:17:37:15

10:17:42:03

SOUN CHHEANGLY

So the confessions of

10:17:42:14

10:17:44:16

SOUN CHHEANGLY

Born Samnang

10:17:45:07

10:17:47:24

SOUN CHHEANGLY

and Sok Sam Oeun

10:17:48:20

10:17:52:05

SOUN CHHEANGLY

match the weapon and support the evidence.

10:17:54:03

10:17:58:02

VO

THE POLICE DIDN'T MENTION THAT BOTH MEN HAD ALIBIS.

10:18:00:24

10:18:04:01

VO

BORN SAMNANG, THE ALLEGED SHOOTER, SAID HE WASN'T IN PHNOM PENH

10:18:05:23

10:18:08:18

VO

BUT 60KM AWAY IN THE TOWN OF NEAK LOEUNG

10:18:10:02

10:18:12:12

VO

CELEBRATING CHINESE NEW YEAR WITH HIS GIRLFRIEND.

10:18:15:21

10:18:17:19

VO

OUR CREW WENT TO INVESTIGATE.

10:18:16:22

10:18:21:18

CAPTION

Neak Loeung - Prey Veng province

10:18:26:04

10:18:31:17

CAPTION

Vieng Thi Hong - Girlfriend of Born Samnang

10:18:28:10

10:18:32:08

HONG

I could see he was a good person.

10:18:32:19

10:18:35:11

HONG

He did not seem like other men.

10:18:36:03

10:18:39:03

HONG

His character was not like other people and he was not mean.

10:18:41:03

10:18:44:09

HONG

He was too scared to cut even a chicken’s throat.

10:18:45:08

10:18:47:09

HONG

Born Samnang came on the 21st.

10:18:48:00

10:18:51:19

HONG

On the 22nd we went out with friends.

10:18:52:12

10:18:54:09

HONG

Everyone saw him.

10:18:56:00

10:19:00:03

OLD MAN

They were dancing at the house.

10:19:00:09

10:19:05:24

OLD MAN

The next day they went to pick guavas.

10:19:06:22

10:19:10:08

NGOEUN

He didn't go by himself.

10:19:10:19

10:19:13:17

NGOEUN

He went with my three kids

10:19:12:00

10:19:17:20

CAPTION

Nguyen Thi Ngoeun - Mother of Girlfriend

10:19:14:00

10:19:20:06

NGOEUN

and a bunch of their friends.

10:19:22:08

10:19:24:11

FRIEND 1

We went there. About ten of us.

10:19:25:10

10:19:27:19

FRIEND 1

One guy named Baan,

10:19:28:02

10:19:29:13

FRIEND 1

one named Lay,

10:19:29:18

10:19:31:01

FRIEND 2

There was also Born Samnang,

10:19:31:01

10:19:32:23

FRIEND 2

my older sister,

10:19:32:23

10:19:34:22

FRIEND 2

me, Athan and Avang.

10:19:35:00

10:19:39:20

HONG

That night we all partied together and had a good time.

10:19:41:15

10:19:46:08

OLD MAN

He stayed here until he got arrested.

10:19:47:17

10:19:50:19

OLD MAN

I didn't see him go anywhere

10:19:51:16

10:19:55:01

OLD MAN

and I sit in front of my house all day.

10:19:57:12

10:19:59:01

VO

MORE THAN A DOZEN WITNESSES CONFIRMED

10:19:59:01

10:20:02:04

VO

THAT BORN SAMNANG WAS IN NEAK LOEUNG AT THE TIME VICHEA WAS KILLED

10:20:03:06

10:20:06:19

VO

YET DURING HIS FIRST NIGHT IN CUSTODY, HE SIGNED A CONFESSION.

10:20:08:09

10:20:12:09

HONG

They told him they would throw me in prison.

10:20:13:13

10:20:15:22

HONG

So Samnang got scared

10:20:16:14

10:20:19:17

HONG

and agreed to say what they told him.

10:20:20:14

10:20:25:16

HONG

He said, no man can bear it, so how could a woman?

10:20:31:06

10:20:33:04

SOK SAM OUEN

It's so unjust.

10:20:34:04

10:20:36:24

SOK SAM OUEN

You torture me. I don't know anything.

10:20:38:12

10:20:42:07

VO

UNLIKE BORN SAMNANG, SOK SAM OEUN MAINTAINED HIS INNOCENCE ALL ALONG.

10:20:44:10

10:20:47:11

VO

HE SAID HE WAS IN PHNOM PENH ON THE DAY VICHEA WAS KILLED

10:20:48:01

10:20:51:01

VO

CELEBRATING CHINESE NEW YEAR AT THIS HOUSE, WITH FRIENDS.

10:20:54:00

10:20:56:21

VO

BUT NONE OF THE GUESTS WOULD PUBLICLY CORROBORATE HIS ALIBI.

10:21:05:08

10:21:07:09

VO

WE MADE A VISIT TO WHERE THE PARTY WAS HELD.

10:21:10:03

10:21:11:24

TRANSLATOR

- Hello. May we speak to the owner?

10:21:11:24

10:21:15:06

WOMAN

He's not here.

10:21:15:09

10:21:16:21

WOMAN

What's happened?

10:21:17:01

10:21:21:07

TRANSLATOR

- No problem, we just want to talk with your husband a few minutes.

10:21:21:19

10:21:22:23

WOMAN

He's not here.

10:21:27:18

10:21:30:23

WOMAN

He is visiting his mother

10:21:30:23

10:21:33:12

WOMAN

because she is old and sick.

10:21:42:16

10:21:45:23

VO

THE HOUSE WAS EMPTY. THEY WERE GONE.

10:21:47:18

10:21:50:05

VO

THE GUESTS FROM THE PARTY WERE ALSO RELUCTANT TO TALK.

10:21:50:23

10:21:53:13

GUEST 1

It was a long time ago. I pretty much forget.

10:21:54:23

10:21:58:10

BRAD

- You cannot help me for five minutes to tell me what happened?

10:21:59:23

10:22:01:18

GUEST 1

If you can take me to another country

10:22:02:02

10:22:05:07

GUEST 1

and get someone to help me, okay

10:22:06:02

10:22:07:09

GUEST 1

I will talk a lot.

10:22:09:01

10:22:11:17

GUEST 2

He was there that day, lying on the bed.

10:22:12:02

10:22:16:19

GUEST 2

I saw him but didn't pay much attention.

10:22:17:03

10:22:19:16

GUEST 3

If you come again, I will be lost.

10:22:20:03

10:22:22:01

GUEST 3

In Cambodia, if you know things, you can die.

10:22:22:11

10:22:24:15

GUEST 3

If I am lost, who will feed my kids?

10:22:27:18

10:22:29:02

GUEST 4

I saw him.

10:22:30:07

10:22:33:01

GUEST 4

Sok Sam Oeun was lying in the hammock next to the others.

10:22:33:01

10:22:34:13

TRANSLATOR

- At the party?

10:22:34:15

10:22:35:04

GUEST 4

Yeah.

10:22:35:07

10:22:39:17

GUEST 4

He was lying in the hammock behind the people playing cards.

10:22:39:23

10:22:41:21

GUEST 4

On the top floor.

10:22:42:17

10:22:45:09

TRANSLATOR

- Is it all right if we come back again?

10:22:45:24

10:22:47:21

GUEST 4

I don't know.

10:22:47:21

10:22:49:08

GUEST 4

If you come back two or three times

10:22:49:08

10:22:50:23

GUEST 4

they will arrest me and take me to prison.

10:22:54:22

10:22:57:22

VO

THERE WAS ALSO THE ONLY CONFIRMED EYEWITNESS TO THE CRIME ITSELF,

10:22:58:21

10:23:02:06

VO

THE WOMAN WHO RAN THE NEWSSTAND WHERE VICHEA WAS KILLED.

10:23:02:19

10:23:04:13

VA SOTHY

They were only a half meter apart.

10:23:05:08

10:23:08:01

VA SOTHY

If the killer put his hand out, he could touch him.

10:23:08:24

10:23:14:16

CAPTION

Va Sothy - News seller

10:23:11:22

10:23:16:17

VA SOTHY

I'd like to confirm that this is not a picture of the real killer

10:23:16:20

10:23:21:04

VA SOTHY

that I saw during the shooting.

10:23:23:01

10:23:25:05

BRAD

- What about this guy?

10:23:25:19

10:23:26:17

VA SOTHY

No, it's not.

10:23:27:00

10:23:32:18

VA SOTHY

He was definitely not the driver for the killer.

10:23:35:01

10:23:39:03

VA SOTHY

I've never seen either one of them.

10:23:41:12

10:23:45:05

RAINSY

They had to arrest somebody.

10:23:46:01

10:23:51:21

CAPTION

Sam Rainsy - President, Sam Rainsy Party

10:23:47:02

10:23:53:01

RAINSY

Had they not arrested anybody they would look ridiculous.

10:23:55:05

10:23:58:06

RAINSY

So they had to do something for the show.

10:24:18:06

10:24:22:22

CAPTION

18 months later - August 1, 2005

10:24:24:00

10:24:26:11

They beat me

 

10:24:24:23

10:24:29:11

CAPTION

Born Samnang - Alleged shooter

10:24:26:11

10:24:28:18

and forced me to sign the confession

 

10:24:28:18

10:24:30:06

BORN SAMNANG

without letting me see it.

10:24:31:03

10:24:32:14

BORN SAMNANG

He told me not to argue with him.

10:24:33:04

10:24:35:03

BORN SAMNANG

Otherwise they would torture me some more.

10:24:35:10

10:24:40:05

SOK SAM OEUN

I have Piseth and his wife and his mother as witnesses.

10:24:36:02

10:24:39:12

CAPTION

Sok Sam Oeun - Alleged driver

10:24:40:13

10:24:45:20

SOK SAM OEUN

and many people who live nearby also saw me, ten or more.

10:24:46:17

10:24:51:13

CAPTION

Nuong Kim Sree - Mother of Born Samnang

10:24:49:06

10:24:53:03

KIM SREE

For my son, we brought in many alibi witnesses.

10:24:54:03

10:24:57:24

KIM SREE

but the prosecution didn't have any.

10:25:01:15

10:25:04:19

VO

AFTER A FIVE-HOUR TRIAL, THE JUDGE DELIVERED THE VERDICT.

10:25:05:14

10:25:07:00

VO

GUILTY.

10:25:07:11

10:25:09:05

VO

TWENTY YEARS IN PRISON.

10:25:11:06

10:25:12:18

SOK SAM OEUN

This is wrong.

10:25:12:23

10:25:15:10

SOK SAM OEUN

Please help me King Father.

10:25:16:03

10:25:18:15

SOK SAM OEUN

Please help us. I never killed anybody.

10:25:20:09

10:25:22:21

SOK SAM OEUN

Please help us international guests.

10:25:22:21

10:25:24:20

SOK SAM OEUN

This is injustice.

10:25:24:24

10:25:27:11

SOK SAM OEUN

This is injustice.

10:25:32:15

10:25:36:15

MONY

Born Samnang and Sok Sam Oeun are not the killers.

10:25:37:01

10:25:42:08

MONY

They did not kill my brother, Chea Vichea.

10:25:42:08

10:25:47:13

MONY

The proof used by the police is not real.

10:25:47:18

10:25:50:14

MONY

It is made up.

10:25:53:02

10:25:56:14

GRANDMOTHER

You should buy them poison so they can commit suicide in jail

10:25:56:14

10:25:58:17

GRANDMOTHER

and not have to stay for twenty years.

10:25:59:01

10:26:00:24

GRANDMOTHER

Let them die tomorrow.

10:26:01:06

10:26:05:04

KIM SREE

Why did the court do this to my son?

10:26:32:19

10:26:36:12

CAPTION

[Born Samnang and Sok Sam Oeun are innocent—they must be released]

10:26:36:12

10:26:39:04

VO

THE TRIAL WAS WIDELY SEEN AS A TRAVESTY OF JUSTICE.

10:26:39:04

10:26:42:11

VO

HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS INSISTED THAT THE WRONG MEN HAD BEEN CONVICTED.

10:26:43:16

10:26:46:04

VO

BUT WHO REALLY KILLED CHEA VICHEA, AND WHY?

10:26:47:08

10:26:49:09

VO

WE WENT BACK TO THE CRIME SCENE.

10:26:53:06

10:26:55:03

VO

THE WOMAN RUNNING THE NEWSSTAND, VA SOTHY,

10:26:55:03

10:26:57:04

VO

WAS SITTING NEXT TO VICHEA WHEN HE WAS KILLED

10:26:58:06

10:27:01:02

VO

BUT SHE HAD NEVER SPOKEN PUBLICLY ABOUT WHAT SHE HAD SEEN.

10:27:02:14

10:27:05:14

VA SOTHY

If I talk about this and the killer is still alive

10:27:03:12

10:27:07:08

CAPTION

Va Sothy - News seller

10:27:06:02

10:27:08:13

VA SOTHY

then he will know who I am

10:27:08:17

10:27:10:14

VA SOTHY

and can kill me.

10:27:12:03

10:27:13:09

KEK GALABRU

You have to understand her.

10:27:13:09

10:27:16:11

KEK GALABRU

Her life is really in danger.

10:27:14:18

10:27:19:14

CAPTION

Kek Galabru - Human Rights Advocate

10:27:17:02

10:27:20:20

KEK GALABRU

If she comes to testify, it's to tell the truth

10:27:22:10

10:27:28:08

KEK GALABRU

and the truth, maybe, is not what the police like to hear.

10:27:29:06

10:27:31:00

KEK GALABRU

You know what I mean?

10:27:31:12

10:27:33:16

KEK GALABRU

She cannot stay in the country.

10:27:34:19

10:27:38:01

VO

TO TELL HER STORY, SOTHY WOULD HAVE TO LEAVE CAMBODIA.

10:27:39:23

10:27:41:24

VO

AND AFTER MUCH DELIBERATION, SHE DID.

10:27:42:07

10:27:46:03

VO

SHE CROSSED THE BORDER INTO THAILAND TO SEEK POLITICAL ASYLUM.

10:27:54:16

10:27:56:07

VA SOTHY

On that day

10:27:58:18

10:28:00:04

VA SOTHY

there was no one around.

10:28:02:14

10:28:04:10

VA SOTHY

Nobody, not a single customer.

10:28:04:10

10:28:06:23

VA SOTHY

There was only Vichea and me.

10:28:08:07

10:28:10:16

VA SOTHY

The most important feature was his eyes.

10:28:11:04

10:28:15:18

VA SOTHY

When the killer arrived, he was looking everywhere.

10:28:16:04

10:28:19:02

VA SOTHY

He looked at me as well

10:28:19:02

10:28:22:08

VA SOTHY

and was watching everything.

10:28:24:07

10:28:26:16

VA SOTHY

He and Vichea were facing each other

10:28:26:23

10:28:30:10

VA SOTHY

then the killer shot him in the head.

10:28:32:08

10:28:33:13

VA SOTHY

Hit him right here.

10:28:36:04

10:28:39:10

VA SOTHY

and before I could take a breath

10:28:39:16

10:28:41:21

VA SOTHY

the second shot came.

10:28:44:14

10:28:47:15

VA SOTHY

The bullet hit him in the heart on the left side.

10:28:49:03

10:28:52:03

VA SOTHY

I was so shocked I couldn't do anything.

10:28:52:17

10:28:56:23

VA SOTHY

I thought if I called an ambulance I could save his life.

10:28:56:23

10:28:59:19

VA SOTHY

So I called right away.

10:29:04:05

10:29:08:00

VA SOTHY

Then some of the shop owners saw

10:29:08:07

10:29:12:03

VA SOTHY

a man in civilian clothes near my newsstand

10:29:12:06

10:29:14:05

VA SOTHY

talking on a cell phone.

10:29:14:17

10:29:15:23

VA SOTHY

I heard him too.

10:29:20:14

10:29:26:17

VA SOTHY

People were scared when they realized he was an undercover cop.

10:29:27:05

10:29:32:15

VA SOTHY

I heard him say "This work is done."

10:29:32:23

10:29:35:08

VA SOTHY

He was on the phone

10:29:35:08

10:29:38:09

VA SOTHY

but I don't know who he was talking to.

10:29:41:06

10:29:44:04

VO

MINUTES LATER, THE POLICE ARRIVED, AND THEY CAME IN LARGE NUMBERS.

10:29:45:13

10:29:48:09

VO

SOME IN UNIFORM, AND MANY IN PLAIN CLOTHES.

10:29:49:21

10:29:52:08

VO

ACCORDING TO A FORMER OFFICER, THIS MAN

10:29:52:08

10:29:53:10

VO

AND THIS MAN

10:29:53:20

10:29:56:16

VO

ARE BOTH UNDERCOVER POLICE POSING AS REPORTERS.

10:29:58:00

10:30:02:01

VO

DESPITE THEIR STRONG PRESENCE THE POLICE FAILED TO PROTECT THE CRIME SCENE

10:30:02:16

10:30:05:11

VO

ALLOWING JOURNALISTS AND OTHERS TO CONTAMINATE THE EVIDENCE.

10:30:08:20

10:30:14:06

VO

ABOUT FIVE MINUTES AFTER THEY ARRIVED, THEY TOOK HIM AWAY.

10:30:14:18

10:30:18:16

VA SOTHY

A high ranking official ordered it.

10:30:19:09

10:30:20:24

MAN W MEGAPHONE

What do you want to know?

10:30:25:21

10:30:29:07

MAN 1

You have to let the specialist examine him first.

10:30:29:23

10:30:31:21

MAN W MEGAPHONE

Come on, let's go.

10:30:32:08

10:30:34:03

MAN IN UNIFORM

Go, go, go, go!

10:30:36:04

10:30:39:13

MAN W MEGAPHONE

We're taking the body to the temple.

10:30:40:02

10:30:44:07

MAN 2

Do you take the body away to destroy the evidence?

10:30:47:12

10:30:52:09

VO

FIVE DAYS LATER, THE POLICE SHOWED THE DRAWING TO THE MEDIA.

10:30:53:20

10:30:55:22

HENG POV

If I find this guy, I will arrest him

10:30:56:11

10:30:59:03

HENG POV

We have a witness who saw him very clearly.

10:31:01:04

10:31:04:16

VA SOTHY

I called police chief Heng Pov

10:31:04:16

10:31:06:13

VA SOTHY

and it was no social call.

10:31:06:13

10:31:08:20

VA SOTHY

I said "What you did was wrong"

10:31:08:24

10:31:13:14

VA SOTHY

"I never said I saw the killer. Why did you say I did?"

10:31:14:08

10:31:18:21

HENG POV

I ask everyone to please have faith.

10:31:19:17

10:31:24:17

HENG POV

I will do anything to find justice.

10:31:25:09

10:31:29:02

VA SOTHY

The drawing doesn't look anything like the killer.

10:31:29:09

10:31:33:03

VA SOTHY

It's a total fake.

10:31:38:05

10:31:42:02

HENG POV

I would like you not to write about the news seller.

10:31:42:08

10:31:45:04

HENG POV

I shouldn't have said that.

10:31:45:18

10:31:47:09

HENG POV

It's a serious mistake.

10:31:47:22

10:31:50:00

HENG POV

Please do not write about that.

10:31:50:00

10:31:54:07

HENG POV

If you want to help Chea Vichea, don't mention the news seller.

10:31:54:20

10:31:58:06

HENG POV

If you don't want to help Chea Vichea, then go ahead and write it.

10:31:59:22

10:32:03:21

VO

ALTHOUGH WITNESSES SAID BORN SAMNANG WAS 60KM AWAY AT THE TIME OF THE MURDER

10:32:04:24

10:32:06:21

VO

THE DRAWING LOOKED A LOT LIKE HIM.

10:32:09:10

10:32:11:16

VO

HE HAD BEEN WORKING AS A SALESMAN FOR THIS PHARMACY

10:32:11:20

10:32:13:11

VO

BUT HAD BEEN CAUGHT PILFERING MONEY.

10:32:14:04

10:32:15:20

VO

THE COMPANY WANTED ITS MONEY BACK

10:32:15:20

10:32:18:08

VO

AND BORN SAMNANG'S MOTHER WAS WORRIED THEY WOULD LOSE THEIR HOUSE.

10:32:18:19

10:32:22:04

KIM SREE

When I learned about the loss of the company's money

10:32:20:08

10:32:25:09

CAPTION

Nuong Kim Sree - Mother of Born Samnang

10:32:22:14

10:32:26:12

KIM SREE

I decided to disown him, but I didn't think it was a big deal.

10:32:26:23

10:32:29:18

KIM SREE

I did it to make him stop.

10:32:30:03

10:32:33:16

KIM SREE

But I didn't think it would lead to something like this.

10:32:34:10

10:32:36:08

VO

SHE SUBMITTED THE DOCUMENTS TO THE POLICE.

10:32:36:23

10:32:41:01

VO

THEN, SHORTLY AFTER VICHEA WAS KILLED, THE POLICE ASKED HER FOR A PHOTO.

10:32:42:09

10:32:45:20

KIM SREE

This is the photo of my son

10:32:46:02

10:32:49:04

KIM SREE

that I brought to police headquarters.

10:32:51:20

10:32:55:09

VO

A FEW DAYS LATER, THEY PRESENTED THE DRAWING.

10:33:07:21

10:33:14:00

KIM SREE

If I hadn't cut ties with him, none of this would have happened.

10:33:21:22

10:33:29:13

VUON PHON

After the murder, they had to find someone to blame.

10:33:22:19

10:33:28:16

CAPTION

Vuon Phon - Father of Sok Sam Oeun

10:33:30:13

10:33:34:01

VUON PHON

Once they had Born Samnang, that was one

10:33:34:07

10:33:37:11

VUON PHON

and they said, "Let's find another one."

10:33:38:07

10:33:41:14

VUON PHON

So they made him point to my son.

10:33:41:24

10:33:44:21

VUON PHON

In fact, my son had no involvement whatsoever.

10:33:47:11

10:33:50:04

VO

THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE LINKING SOK SAM OEUN TO THE CRIME.

10:33:51:00

10:33:53:13

VO

YET HE WAS NAMED IN BORN SAMNANG'S CONFESSION.

10:33:54:11

10:33:56:14

VO

WHY?

10:33:57:08

10:34:00:12

VO

THE ANSWER LAY WITH A THIEF NAMED DIN DOEUN.

10:34:03:05

10:34:08:03

FORMER OFFICER

I arrested Din Doeun back in 1994

10:34:05:05

10:34:08:15

CAPTION

Former Officer - Phnom Penh Police

10:34:08:03

10:34:11:12

FORMER OFFICER

and trained him to work for us as an informer.

10:34:12:02

10:34:14:08

FORMER OFFICER

Sometimes he's a bad man.

10:34:14:20

10:34:19:10

FORMER OFFICER

For example, if he knows of a thief who has stolen something

10:34:19:14

10:34:22:02

FORMER OFFICER

and won't share with him,

10:34:22:09

10:34:23:24

FORMER OFFICER

he'll report him to the police.

10:34:25:07

10:34:27:13

VO

DIN DOEUN AND SOK SAM OEUN WERE IN AN ARGUMENT

10:34:27:22

10:34:31:10

VO

AND THE NEXT DAY DIN DOEUN MADE THIS STATEMENT TO THE POLICE.

10:34:31:11

10:34:35:04

VO

HE ACCUSED SOK SAM OEUN AND OTHERS OF RUNNING A RING OF HIRED KILLERS.

10:34:34:17

10:34:37:07

CAPTION

"hired killer"

10:34:37:16

10:34:40:23

CAPTION

"price is $8000 to $10,000"

10:34:39:22

10:34:42:02

VO

THERE WAS NO SUBSTANCE TO THE ACCUSATION

10:34:41:04

10:34:43:05

CAPTION

"a man named Sok Sam Oeun"

10:34:42:07

10:34:45:08

VO

BUT LIKE THE DOCUMENTS ON BORN SAMNANG,

10:34:45:10

10:34:46:24

VO

THE STATEMENT ENDED UP ON THE DESK OF POLICE LIEUTENANT HUN SONG

10:34:47:11

10:34:50:03

VO

JUST A FEW DAYS BEFORE VICHEA'S DEATH.

10:34:52:11

10:34:56:13

VO

AND THEN SHORTLY AFTER THE MURDER, SOK SAM OEUN WAS ARRESTED.

10:34:57:04

10:35:02:04

SOK SAM OEUN

Din Doeun made up this story with the police chief.

10:35:13:21

10:35:16:19

VO

THE POLICE PROVIDED ONE OTHER KEY PIECE OF EVIDENCE:

10:35:16:19

10:35:18:24

VO

THE MURDER WEAPON.

10:35:19:06

10:35:22:07

VA SOTHY

Right after the shooting

10:35:22:17

10:35:26:07

VA SOTHY

the killer put the gun in his shirt

10:35:26:14

10:35:29:13

VA SOTHY

and walked out.

10:35:30:23

10:35:32:17

SOUN CHHEANGLY

After their escape,

10:35:32:17

10:35:35:14

SOUN CHHEANGLY

they hid the weapon

10:35:35:21

10:35:40:17

SOUN CHHEANGLY

in the palm trees by Midah street.

10:35:42:14

10:35:45:04

VO

THE POLICE SAID THEY FOUND THE GUN AT THE BASE OF THIS PALM TREE

10:35:46:04

10:35:48:07

VO

AND THAT BORN SAMNANG BROUGHT THEM HERE.

10:35:49:19

10:35:53:03

SOUN CHHEANGLY

We sent the gun for analysis

10:35:54:04

10:35:56:20

SOUN CHHEANGLY

and the results showed

10:35:57:19

10:36:00:10

SOUN CHHEANGLY

that the gun matched the bullet shells

10:36:01:08

10:36:03:24

SOUN CHHEANGLY

that we found at the crime scene.

10:36:06:21

10:36:09:22

NGUON SOEUR

In Cambodia, when you want to kill someone,

10:36:08:01

10:36:15:02

CAPTION

Nguon Soeur - Former Deputy Chief, Phnom Penh Police

10:36:10:06

10:36:13:10

NGUON SOEUR

you look for people who have guns.

10:36:14:07

10:36:17:19

NGUON SOEUR

You and I don’t have the guns.

10:36:17:19

10:36:21:03

NGUON SOEUR

So who has the guns in Cambodia?

10:36:22:12

10:36:26:22

NGUON SOEUR

The police, the military people etc.

10:36:27:11

10:36:30:02

NGUON SOEUR

That’s it. I cannot be more explicit.

10:36:30:18

10:36:32:04

BORN SAMNANG

They prepared all this in advance

10:36:32:04

10:36:33:21

BORN SAMNANG

and forced me to thumbprint.

10:36:34:08

10:36:37:13

BORN SAMNANG

Then they took me to where the gun was.

10:36:39:05

10:36:43:11

VO

BORN SAMNANG HAD BEEN AWAY IN NEAK LOEUNG, SAID WITNESSES,

10:36:43:18

10:36:46:02

VO

WITH HIS GIRLFRIEND, ON THE DAY VICHEA WAS KILLED

10:36:47:08

10:36:50:22

VO

YET THE POLICE STILL FOUND THE GUN IN THIS DESERTED FIELD.

10:36:54:05

10:36:57:10

SOUN CHHEANGLY

All of this shows

10:36:57:20

10:37:01:00

SOUN CHHEANGLY

that they definitely committed the crime.

10:37:01:19

10:37:04:03

SOUN CHHEANGLY

Without a doubt.

10:37:07:22

10:37:09:16

VO

THE OFFICIAL STORY WAS UNDER ATTACK IN THE PRESS.

10:37:10:12

10:37:13:01

VO

THE POLICE WENT BACK TO NEAK LOEUNG.

10:37:14:12

10:37:17:17

HONG

Four or five policemen arrived at my house.

10:37:17:17

10:37:21:03

HONG

One of them was a high ranking official.

10:37:21:21

10:37:24:07

HONG

He said, if you do not do what I tell you,

10:37:24:07

10:37:26:23

HONG

then I will make problems for your family

10:37:26:23

10:37:30:03

HONG

and Born Samnang won't be released.

10:37:31:01

10:37:35:17

NGOEUN

The guy said, you must say what I tell you

10:37:31:21

10:37:36:18

CAPTION

Nguyen Thi Ngoeun - Mother of Girlfriend

10:37:36:02

10:37:37:19

NGOEUN

or you must be careful.

10:37:38:07

10:37:41:01

NGOEUN

But I said I have nothing to be careful about.

10:37:41:18

10:37:46:19

NGOEUN

He only threatened me because I know this stuff is true.

10:37:47:09

10:37:48:21

HONG

This is him.

10:37:49:10

10:37:51:07

HONG

This is the guy who told me.

10:37:51:12

10:37:55:09

HONG

He said if I say this, my family will be okay.

10:37:55:16

10:37:58:06

HONG

If I don't, my family will disappear.

10:38:03:05

10:38:05:06

VO

THIS WAS LIEUTENANT HUN SONG

10:38:05:16

10:38:10:00

VO

THE SAME HUN SONG WHO HAD ARRESTED BOTH BORN SAMNANG AND SOK SAM OEUN.

10:38:13:03

10:38:16:04

VO

AIDING HIM IN THE ARRESTS WAS LIEUTENANT LY RASY

10:38:16:17

10:38:20:13

VO

WHO ACCORDING TO BORN SAMNANG TOLD HIM WHAT TO SAY IN HIS CONFESSION.

10:38:23:06

10:38:26:11

VO

BOTH WERE SUBORDINATES OF DEPUTY POLICE CHIEF HENG POV

10:38:26:20

10:38:30:00

VO

WHO HAD LED THE VICHEA INVESTIGATION FROM THE BEGINNING.

10:38:33:03

10:38:37:04

HENRIK

Many senior police officers in Cambodia have under them

10:38:37:04

10:38:39:07

HENRIK

apart from their regular forces,

10:38:39:12

10:38:42:09

HENRIK

they also have what is called the secret forces

10:38:42:19

10:38:48:00

HENRIK

and these persons are responsible for carrying out the dirty work as they call it.

10:38:48:08

10:38:53:01

HENRIK

Everything from trafficking in drugs, trafficking in human beings

10:38:53:22

10:38:56:22

HENRIK

involving kidnappings, murder.

10:38:54:12

10:38:57:13

CAPTION

Henrik Alffram - Former UN Consultant

10:39:01:19

10:39:04:04

THONG UY PANG

They are all cruel murderers.

10:39:06:09

10:39:08:20

THONG UY PANG

When the police shot me,

10:39:06:24

10:39:11:11

CAPTION

Thong Uy Pang - Newspaper Publisher

10:39:09:10

10:39:11:22

THONG UY PANG

I ran for ten meters then fell.

10:39:12:13

10:39:16:13

THONG UY PANG

They brought the picture for me to identify. That's the shooter in the middle.

10:39:17:10

10:39:21:03

THONG UY PANG

Heng Pov has only one leg.

10:39:21:23

10:39:23:15

THONG UY PANG

He never does the shooting himself.

10:39:23:24

10:39:26:02

THONG UY PANG

He has others do it for him.

10:39:26:16

10:39:32:06

THONG UY PANG

Now he has seven men who do the killings for him.

10:39:34:00

10:39:36:01

HENRIK

The higher up you come in the police force

10:39:36:01

10:39:39:13

HENRIK

the more powerful would these secret forces often be

10:39:39:22

10:39:42:09

HENRIK

and it's clear that it goes all the way to the top.

10:39:42:19

10:39:47:11

HENRIK

It's clear that Police Chief Hok Lundy himself

10:39:48:03

10:39:52:09

HENRIK

has groups that carry out dirty work for him.

10:39:53:19

10:39:57:10

VO

AT THE TOP OF THE POLICE FORCE WAS FOUR-STAR GENERAL HOK LUNDY

10:39:57:23

10:40:00:23

VO

HUN SEN'S RIGHT HAND MAN AND TOP ENFORCER.

10:40:01:12

10:40:06:07

NGUON SOEUR

Hok Lundy is an executioner.

10:40:07:04

10:40:13:07

NGUON SOEUR

On this earth, Hok Lundy is as powerful as God.

10:40:13:22

10:40:17:19

NGUON SOEUR

He decides who gets to live and who doesn't.

10:40:19:11

10:40:24:02

NGUON SOEUR

He's as powerful as God, and if he decides you have one hour left to live,

10:40:24:02

10:40:26:01

NGUON SOEUR

then you have one hour left to live.

10:40:27:21

10:40:30:08

FORMER OFFICER

When they needed a job done,

10:40:29:01

10:40:34:19

CAPTION

Former Officer - Phnom Penh Police

10:40:30:16

10:40:37:01

FORMER OFFICER

Hok Lundy would call men like Heng Pov to a meeting.

10:40:37:05

10:40:41:16

FORMER OFFICER

Then he would hire other policemen to do the work.

10:40:42:03

10:40:47:01

FORMER OFFICER

He'd pick two or three of us and give us pictures of the target.

10:40:48:04

10:40:53:13

FORMER OFFICER

We'd know the victim's destination

10:40:55:03

10:40:59:02

FORMER OFFICER

and our guys would follow him.

10:41:00:07

10:41:03:05

FORMER OFFICER

Our orders were to just kill the target.

10:41:03:22

10:41:08:06

FORMER OFFICER

But if there were problems,

10:41:08:17

10:41:12:18

FORMER OFFICER

we just killed them all.

10:41:15:08

10:41:18:10

FORMER OFFICER

Afterward, we'd feed the corpse to the crocodiles.

10:41:20:09

10:41:22:21

BRAD

- How many times do you think you went to the crocodile farm?

10:41:23:04

10:41:25:18

FORMER OFFICER

Many.

10:41:27:03

10:41:28:16

BRAD

- More than ten?

10:41:28:21

10:41:31:00

FORMER OFFICER

Please. A lot. More than ten.

10:41:39:07

10:41:44:14

NGUON SOEUR

A Cambodian's life is worth the same as a chicken.

10:41:49:02

10:41:53:13

NGUON SOEUR

In France, a dog's life is more valuable

10:41:53:13

10:41:55:13

NGUON SOEUR

than a man's life is in Cambodia.

10:41:56:02

10:41:59:24

NGUON SOEUR

In France, a dog rescue group will have you arrested

10:42:00:07

10:42:03:04

NGUON SOEUR

if you kill a dog.

10:42:09:23

10:42:11:22

VO

THE POLICE CASE WAS DEEPLY FLAWED

10:42:11:22

10:42:17:07

VO

BUT INSTEAD OF THROWING THE CASE OUT, THE COURT HAD CONVICTED THE TWO MEN.

10:42:20:06

10:42:24:06

HENRIK

Of all state institutions, it's the institution that people have the least trust in

10:42:24:20

10:42:26:19

HENRIK

and it's considered to be the most corrupt.

10:42:29:18

10:42:34:21

HENRIK

The judiciary is characterized by a high level of incompetence

10:42:36:19

10:42:39:07

HENRIK

very poorly trained and educated judges,

10:42:39:18

10:42:44:19

HENRIK

many have not even finished high school, have no legal training

10:42:48:08

10:42:49:22

SOK SAMOEUN

In Pol Pot's time

10:42:49:22

10:42:52:16

SOK SAMOEUN

Khmer Rouge destroyed all courts.

10:42:53:23

10:42:56:14

SOK SAMOEUN

By around 1982

10:42:56:22

10:43:02:10

SOK SAMOEUN

only ten legally educated people survived in Cambodia.

10:42:57:09

10:43:00:14

CAPTION

Sok Samoeun - Defense Lawyer

10:43:02:10

10:43:06:16

SOK SAMOEUN

That's why many judges have no law degree in Cambodia.

10:43:08:00

10:43:11:19

SOK SAMOEUN

The other problem with the judiciary is that it's controlled by the executive.

10:43:13:00

10:43:15:19

HENRIK

Probably the most influential person

10:43:15:19

10:43:18:02

HENRIK

who exercises the most pressure on the court

10:43:18:02

10:43:22:15

HENRIK

is Om Yentieng, the prime minister's adviser

10:43:22:15

10:43:25:04

HENRIK

and also the head of the Cambodian Human Rights Committee.

10:43:25:14

10:43:29:07

OM YENTIENG

We have the right to investigate by ourselves

10:43:26:23

10:43:32:03

CAPTION

Om Yentieng - Adviser to Hun Sen

10:43:29:11

10:43:34:17

OM YENTIENG

or we can cooperate with the police to investigate together

10:43:34:21

10:43:42:06

OM YENTIENG

or we have the right to accept or deny the investigation report from the police.

10:43:42:17

10:43:45:09

BRAD

- So what's your opinion on the Chea Vichea case?

10:43:46:05

10:43:53:03

OM YENTIENG

I don't find in the verdict of the judge that he committed any mistake.

10:43:53:14

10:43:59:02

OM YENTIENG

And until now, we have not yet received any proof that they can show to the judge

10:43:59:02

10:44:02:12

OM YENTIENG

that the two guys are innocent.

10:44:03:05

10:44:07:10

FORMER OFFICIAL

When was the last time a judge made his own decision?

10:44:06:19

10:44:12:03

CAPTION

Former government official

10:44:07:17

10:44:09:14

FORMER OFFICIAL

There isn’t a single judge who is independent.

10:44:10:05

10:44:12:23

FORMER OFFICIAL

They are all run by the CPP.

10:44:13:07

10:44:15:04

FORMER OFFICIAL

They never let judges make their own decisions.

10:44:15:09

10:44:21:03

FORMER OFFICIAL

If a judge makes a decision on his own, the consequences can be fatal.

10:44:28:23

10:44:33:19

HENRIK

Anyone close to the prime minister can operate with complete impunity.

10:44:35:22

10:44:40:05

HENRIK

Certainly if you belong to his circle you can do whatever you want

10:44:40:14

10:44:42:01

HENRIK

and you will be protected.

10:44:46:09

10:44:50:04

ROBERT

Ministers live in fantastic huge houses with fantastic cars

10:44:47:07

10:44:49:16

CAPTION

Robert Carmichael - Editor, Phnom Penh Post

10:44:50:16

10:44:52:13

ROBERT

beyond the means of their salaries.

10:44:52:19

10:44:55:17

ROBERT

People get used to the fat life.

10:44:59:04

10:45:02:04

HENRIK

The fact is, on the part of the elite

10:45:02:04

10:45:05:16

HENRIK

there's simply no interest in changing the current system.

10:45:07:01

10:45:11:20

HENRIK

You have a system in which you can determine the outcome of any criminal case,

10:45:12:05

10:45:15:02

HENRIK

you can make sure that you're never brought to trial yourself

10:45:15:23

10:45:19:07

HENRIK

so why would you want to change the system?

10:45:20:05

10:45:22:22

HENRIK

I think that's what the international community is missing.

10:45:22:22

10:45:27:23

HENRIK

We assume there is a will in changing the current system

10:45:27:23

10:45:29:11

HENRIK

and it's simply not there.

10:45:32:18

10:45:34:09

VO

FOUR MONTHS AFTER THE ELECTION

10:45:34:09

10:45:38:00

VO

NEGOTIATIONS TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT WERE AT A STANDSTILL.

10:45:42:18

10:45:48:07

HUN SEN

They want a new government with three parties and a new prime minister.

10:45:48:09

10:45:49:05

HUN SEN

No way.

10:45:50:04

10:45:51:14

HUN SEN

It won't happen.

10:45:52:06

10:45:54:10

VO

CHALLENGING THE REGIME WAS A RISKY ENDEAVOR.

10:45:55:23

10:45:59:16

VO

BEFORE THE ELECTION, THERE HAD BEEN A SERIES OF HIGH-PROFILE KILLINGS.

10:46:00:22

10:46:02:21

VO

A POLITICALLY ACTIVE MONK

10:46:03:13

10:46:05:11

VO

A FUNCINPEC ADVISER

10:46:06:00

10:46:07:17

VO

AND A MUNICIPAL COURT JUDGE.

10:46:10:12

10:46:13:04

VO

THEN AFTER THE ELECTION, THE KILLINGS RESUMED.

10:46:15:00

10:46:18:02

VO

CHUOR CHETHARITH, A JOURNALIST FOR THE FUNCINPEC PARTY,

10:46:18:09

10:46:20:03

VO

WAS GUNNED DOWN.

10:46:20:21

10:46:24:00

VO

THREE MONTHS LATER, CHEA VICHEA WAS KILLED.

10:46:29:16

10:46:31:14

KEM SOKHA

I have the question quickly:

10:46:31:16

10:46:34:00

KEM SOKHA

Why kill him?

10:46:34:12

10:46:37:18

KEM SOKHA

And after, I think okay,

10:46:36:04

10:46:40:08

CAPTION

Kem Sokha - Human Rights Advocate

10:46:37:18

10:46:42:08

KEM SOKHA

maybe they want to send a message to another leader.

10:46:45:03

10:46:47:17

RAINSY

Sometimes they don't dare

10:46:47:10

10:46:50:23

CAPTION

Sam Rainsy - President, Sam Rainsy Party

10:46:47:21

10:46:50:14

RAINSY

to kill the main target.

10:46:51:06

10:46:54:03

RAINSY

They kill a secondary target.

10:46:55:06

10:46:57:19

VO

ALL THESE KILLINGS WERE INVESTIGATED BY HENG POV

10:46:58:11

10:47:02:01

VO

WHO TOOK ORDERS DIRECTLY FROM POLICE CHIEF HOK LUNDY

10:47:02:11

10:47:06:18

VO

WHO TOOK ORDERS FROM NO ONE BUT PRIME MINISTER HUN SEN.

10:47:09:22

10:47:12:22

SON CHHAY

So this message is clear cut.

10:47:13:12

10:47:15:06

SON CHHAY

Stop being stubborn.

10:47:15:21

10:47:17:09

SON CHHAY

Accept Hun Sen

10:47:18:09

10:47:20:17

SON CHHAY

take what we give you

10:47:19:09

10:47:22:19

CAPTION

Son Chhay - Member of Parliament SRP

10:47:22:01

10:47:25:04

SON CHHAY

and produce a new government.

10:47:28:15

10:47:31:00

VO

THE MESSAGE CAME THROUGH LOUD AND CLEAR.

10:47:33:22

10:47:35:22

VO

PRINCE RANARIDDH ABANDONED SAM RAINSY

10:47:36:12

10:47:39:16

VO

AND REJOINED HUN SEN IN A NEW TWO-PARTY COALITION GOVERNMENT.

10:47:40:03

10:47:46:04

VO

AND ON JULY 15, 2004, HUN SEN WAS AGAIN RE-APPOINTED PRIME MINISTER.

10:47:54:14

10:47:56:24

BR AMBASSADOR

It's a great step forward, and we're all pleased.

10:47:56:11

10:48:00:10

CAPTION

Stephen Bridges - British Ambassador

10:47:57:09

10:48:00:22

BR AMBASSADOR

After 11 months, peacefully resolved. That's what democracy is all about.

10:48:01:07

10:48:04:16

US AMBASSADOR

We're happy to see a new government and we wish them all the success.

10:48:01:16

10:48:04:10

CAPTION

Charles Ray - US Ambassador 

10:48:08:20

10:48:12:23

VO

IT TOOK ALMOST A YEAR, BUT THE GOVERNMENT WAS BACK IN BUSINESS.

10:48:14:09

10:48:19:14

VO

THE FOREIGN DONORS WERE SATISFIED, THE POLITICAL DEADLOCK WAS RESOLVED

10:48:20:24

10:48:23:15

VO

AND THE STRONGMAN WAS STILL ON TOP.

10:48:27:09

10:48:31:20

VO

FOR HUN SEN, IT WAS NOTHING LESS THAN TOTAL VICTORY.

10:48:41:19

10:48:44:21

CAPTION

April 6, 2007

10:48:44:03

10:48:45:16

VO

AFTER THREE YEARS OF PRISON,

10:48:46:08

10:48:49:14

VO

BORN SAMNANG'S AND SOK SAM OEUN'S APPEAL WAS ABOUT TO BE HEARD.

10:48:52:11

10:48:57:13

VO

WITH THE POLITICAL SITUATION STABILIZED, THEIR FAMILIES HOPED THEY COULD GO FREE.

10:49:14:17

10:49:17:12

SOK SAM OEUN

I'm not a killer like they say.

10:49:17:16

10:49:19:05

SOK SAM OEUN

It's an injustice.

10:49:19:08

10:49:23:03

SOK SAM OEUN

It's no different than the Khmer Rouge.

10:49:43:19

10:49:48:03

VO

AS IN THE ORIGINAL TRIAL, A PARADE OF WITNESSES TESTIFIED FOR THE DEFENSE.

10:49:49:21

10:49:52:24

VO

NONE TESTIFIED FOR THE PROSECUTION.

10:49:55:16

10:49:58:01

VO

THE PROSECUTOR SAID HE DIDN'T HAVE ENOUGH EVIDENCE

10:49:58:01

10:50:00:23

VO

AND ASKED FOR MORE TIME TO INVESTIGATE.

10:50:13:20

10:50:16:16

VO

THE APPEAL WAS DENIED.

10:50:17:16

10:50:22:17

VO

THE TWO MEN WERE SENT BACK TO PRISON TO SERVE THE REST OF THEIR 20-YEAR SENTENCES.

10:50:23:16

10:50:29:03

MONY

If the government wants to keep them locked up, that's what they'll do.

10:50:30:16

10:50:31:24

MONY

The government is the killer.

10:50:33:24

10:50:39:05

MONY

This is a government that's corrupt,

10:50:35:08

10:50:38:18

CAPTION

Chea Mony - Brother of Chea Vichea

10:50:39:15

10:50:44:13

MONY

that murders people, violates human rights,

10:50:45:03

10:50:48:22

MONY

and the U.S embassy says that human rights have improved.

10:50:49:08

10:50:52:03

MONY

I feel so hopeless.

10:50:53:04

10:50:57:18

RAINSY

The international community has other, bigger concerns.

10:50:58:17

10:51:04:02

RAINSY

In their eyes there are other issues, other objectives.

10:51:04:17

10:51:08:13

RAINSY

First, they want to remain present in Cambodia.

10:51:09:16

10:51:16:05

RAINSY

They are not going to cut diplomatic ties with Hun Sen, because of Chea Vichea.

10:51:17:03

10:51:21:17

RAINSY

So for strategic reasons

10:51:21:22

10:51:27:01

RAINSY

Chea Vichea is just a drop of water in the ocean.

10:51:41:09

10:51:45:18

KIMNY

My older daughter remembers everything.

10:51:47:04

10:51:51:02

KIMNY

She always says, "I miss Papa."

10:51:51:02

10:51:54:17

KIMNY

"Why was my father killed if he was good?"

10:51:56:09

10:51:59:17

KIMNY

It's because our country has no law.

10:51:59:17

10:52:02:01

KIMNY

That's what I always tell her.

10:52:16:02

10:52:18:16

WORKER 1

When he was here

10:52:19:03

10:52:21:04

WORKER 1

we could always rely on him to help us.

10:52:21:14

10:52:24:24

WORKER 1

But since we lost him, it’s harder now.

10:52:31:17

10:52:33:18

WORKER 2

He helped us a lot.

10:52:36:05

10:52:38:08

WORKER 2

He dared to challenge them

10:52:38:08

10:52:40:22

WORKER 2

that's why he was killed.

10:52:45:16

10:52:47:14

WORKER 3

It’s like we don’t have anyone to rely on anymore.

10:52:47:21

10:52:50:13

WORKER 3

It's like losing a mother.

10:53:11:23

10:53:15:03

CAPTION

Hun Sen has been in power since 1985.

10:53:15:14

10:53:18:19

CAPTION

In 2008 he won another five-year term as Prime Minister.

10:53:22:02

10:53:25:07

CAPTION

Chea Kimny and her children received political asylum

10:53:25:18

10:53:28:23

CAPTION

They live in Finland

10:53:31:08

10:53:34:13

CAPTION

Va Sothy never returned to Cambodia

10:53:34:24

10:53:38:04

CAPTION

She received political asylum and lives in the United States

10:53:40:23

10:53:43:18

CAPTION

Heng Pov fell victim to political infighting.

10:53:44:03

10:53:47:19

CAPTION

He is serving 92 years in prison for murders and other crimes unrelated to the Vichea case.

10:53:50:07

10:53:53:12

CAPTION

Hok Lundy was killed in a helicopter crash on November 9, 2008.

10:53:53:23

10:53:57:03

CAPTION

The cause of the crash was never determined.

10:54:01:20

10:54:05:00

CAPTION

On December 31, 2008

10:54:05:11

10:54:08:16

CAPTION

Born Samnang and Sok Sam Oeun were provisionally released.

10:54:09:04

10:54:12:09

CAPTION

They await a re-trial.

10:54:32:16

10:54:35:21

CAPTION

Cambodia exports about three billion dollars in garments each year.

10:54:36:07

10:54:39:12

CAPTION

Standard pay for workers is 28 cents an hour.

10:54:44:18

10:54:49:11

CAPTION

Chea Vichea - 1965 – 2004

10:54:52:06

10:54:56:20

END CREDIT

Directed by BRADLEY COX

10:54:56:21

10:55:01:13

END CREDIT

Produced by RICH GARELLA and JEFFREY SAUNDERS

10:55:01:14

10:55:04:19

END CREDIT

Original Score by GIL TALMI

10:55:04:20

10:55:30:18

CREDIT ROLL

Directed by

BRADLEY COX

 

Produced by

RICH GARELLA

JEFFREY SAUNDERS

 

Original Score by

GIL TALMI

 

Edited by

MATYAS VERESS

WILL BARTON

JAY SHAPIRO

 

Narrated by

ERIC MILANO

 

Translators

ELLEN SEA

JASON ROBERTS

THIDA ROBERTS

TDW TRANSLATION SERVICES

AMAURY PEYRUSSAN

 

Graphics

DAVE HILL

 

Additional Editing

TINA PACHECO

 

Production Assistant

ELLEN SEA

 

Sound Design

ERIC MILANO

 

Re-recording Mixer

TOM PAUL

 

Mixed at The Cottage

 

Post Production Services

GOLDCREST POST (NYC)

 

Colorist

BLASE THEODORE

 

Online

DUART FILM & VIDEO

 

Production assistance provided by

CINEMACAPITAL

CYNTHIA TURNER

BEN LAY

TOMMY GONZALEZ

POSTWORKS NEW YORK

MIKE VILLERS

 

Script Consultant

FERNANDA ROSSI

 

Advisers

RON ABNEY

BRAD ADAMS

SARA L.M. DAVIS, Ph.D

ERIC PAPE

CLAUDIA RIZZI

 

Fiscal Sponsor

ASIA CATALYST

 

Legal assistance provided by

WHITE & CASE LLP

 

Executive Producer for ITVS

SALLY JO FIFER

 

WHO KILLED VICHEA?

is a co-production of Loud Mouth Films and

the Independent Television Service (ITVS),

with funding provided by the

Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

 

This program was produced by Loud Mouth Films,

which is solely responsible for its content.

©2010 Loud Mouth Films. All Rights Reserved.

00:55:24:12

00:55:27:07

CAPTION

Translation to ____________ by ______________

 

© 2013 Journeyman Pictures
Journeyman Pictures Ltd. 4-6 High Street, Thames Ditton, Surrey, KT7 0RY, United Kingdom
Email: info@journeyman.tv

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