Shashamane  - sottotitoli inglese versione 80’

 

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 Some say life is a journey,

 

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 well if life is a journey,

 

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 it is best to plan that journey

before you embark on it.

 

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 If you are not in control of your destiny

 

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 any force can take you off course.

 

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 If you do not plan your journey,

 

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 any distraction can move you

in a different direction.

 

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 We are moving into the discussion

segment of our program,

 

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 and we are looking at Reparations.

 

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 Tekla, I really want to hear

that quote.

 

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 Ok, "Slavery Reparations,

the time is now".

 

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 How did the Whites

of all nationalities

 

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 deal with the indigenous

 

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 since the discovery of new lands?

 

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 What signifies the fact alone

that wherever Europeans went

 

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 in the name of Jesus,

 

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 such great number

of people have perished already?

 

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 A debt weighs on us,

the good we owe them

 

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 is not active charity,

but Reparations.

 

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 And when we will have done

all that is in our power,

 

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 we will only have repaired a small

part of the wrongs committed.

 

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 Reparations is aligned inextricably,

with repatriation.

 

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 Repatriation is a human right

 

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 for all Africans

who were forcibly removed

 

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 from our homeland of Africa

and subjected to enslavement,

 

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 hence their descendants, thats us,

 

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 should and must have the right

of return to our motherland.

 

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 Africa was my destination.

 

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 As an African that found

myself in the West,

 

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 it was very important

to know who I am.

 

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 In that quest I knew

that I was an African

 

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 taken from Africa, born in the West.

 

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 While I was in the West,

 

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 home was a physical

house or structure.

 

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 Here in Africa

it is greater than that,

 

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 it is a spiritual connection with

the land, the people and the Creator.

 

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 Rastafari yardie

 

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 go home to Zion

 

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 All of us who made it up here,

 

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 we have reached the land

of Shashamane, Ethiopia.

 

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 We are the true revolutionaries.

 

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 It was a complete challenge

 

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 to make it here to Ethiopia.

Yeah.

 

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 And a lot of people couldn't do it.

 

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 So whenever you see anyone

who came from outside to Africa,

 

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 you have to respect these

people as strong individuals.

 

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 Because there are so many people,

who dont have the guts to leave

 

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 the developed countries to come here.

 

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 - Fire!

- Pepper!

 

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 Don't trouble it,

don't rub it with the hand.

 

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 Pepper upon the hand.

 

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 Dont put it on, its gonna burn you!

Ok?

 

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 Ok? Ok? Ok?

 

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 Ok!

Don't rub your hand on your eye.

 

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 Every man has the right

to decide his own destiny.

 

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 Those are some words that

 

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 describe my trip

 

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 and my coming back to Africa.

 

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 Because you have

to be serious to decide

 

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 what you really want in life

 

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 and where you want to be.

 

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 Slow down.

 

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 Stop here!

 

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 Dread!

 

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 Yesterday we had a meeting

 

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 where we discussed

 

what we expect from the elders.

 

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 What kind of things they should do,

 

how many tasks they should have,

 

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 how long they should serve,

 

in what kind of things they could intervene.

 

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 All of this is about that.

 

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 The next page

 

is a nomination form.

 

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 So, once you have read

what we expect from them

 

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 if you think of someone

 who could fit

 

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 write his name down.

 

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 - All right. One Love.

 

- Alright, alright.

 

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 God bless you.

 

God bless you.

 

 

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            -           Are you tied up tomorrow?

 

            -           Yes

 

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 I will be the whole day at church.

 

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            -           We will work it out so.

           

-           Yes.

 

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 From the first day of slavery

 

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 our people have been

longing to return.

 

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 We are from Kingston Jamaica,

to Port of Spain Trinidad,

 

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 the whole Caribbean.

You're travelling the Caribbean,

 

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 you have French speakers here,

Guadeloupe, Martinique,

 

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 we are all here,

Antigua, Montserrat, Bermudas,

 

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 from New York to London, France.

 

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 Our people is coming home.

 

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 One by one, two by two,

we are really coming this time.

 

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 After being so long

in the Western world,

 

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 it's a joy to be back in Africa.

 

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 But it's a very great challenge,

because

 

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 we are coming back here

now as foreigners.

 

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 People don't remember

who we are, or forget

 

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 that they sold us into slavery,

 

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 or how we left here.

 

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 It is a hard task of re-integration

with the people.

 

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 It is not as easy as

we thought it would be.

 

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 It is not a bed of roses, well,

 

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 the roses are there

but there are also thorns,

 

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 a lot of thorns.

 

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 That's the reality of returning

to Africa, any part of Africa.

 

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 My sweetie pie.

 

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 I love Shashamane.

 

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 I'm happy I was born here,

and grew up here.

 

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 Maybe I'm gonna get old here.

 

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 On this land grant

I never starve,

 

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 I never go to bed

with a hungry belly.

 

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 It's easy, you just have

to know how to get by.

 

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 Sometimes there's pressure

but still you can get by,

 

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 you can get by.

 

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 'Cause I'm surviving

and I don't have anything.

 

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 We've been...

 

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 Niggers, right? From Niggers

we went to Negroes,

 

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 from Negroes we went to Blacks,

from Blacks we went to

 

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 African Americans,

so it keeps changing.

 

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 And why?

When our central foundation is:

 

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 we are Africans.

 

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 My mother told me:

"I am not an African!

 

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 I didn't come from there" and I say:

"How can you say that?

 

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 When all the slaves died

 

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 for you to even stand here

and tell me what you're telling me?"

 

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 Eliah? Good morning.

 

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 -Love and trust in the Most High.

           

-           Give thanks for your strength.

 

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 We have to make

the community work

 

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 so we are setting up a

council of elders.

 

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 As long as it is not in vain

and things are going to happen,

 

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 progress is going to be made

and it is not a waste of time.

 

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 Your contribution

can’t be a waste of time.

 

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 God bless you.

 

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 Every nation in America

 

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 has retained its culture

and its language.

 

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 We as African people born in America

 

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 weren't given that right

 

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 and it was beaten out of us.

 

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 We were the only ones

that really were abused,

 

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 and misused, and murdered

 

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 like we were some misfit race.

 

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 You know how somebody

is jealous of you

 

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 and just wants to remove you

from the earth?

 

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 That's the way that sometimes

 

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 you would feel in America,

growing up in the South, even now.

 

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 Even now, police

are prosecuting black men.

 

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 I grew up in the 1960s singing:

 

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 "God save our Gracious Queen,

 

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 Long may She reign over us,

God bless the Queen!"

 

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 Can you imagine such a thing as that?

The Queen whose grandmother

 

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 sold my grandmother

and had my grandmother in slavery!

 

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 I was singing: "Long live this Lady!"

 

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 "Long may She reign over us!"

 

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 But that was the philosophy

of the time,

 

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 taught by the school,

and taught by the Church.

 

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 Colonial

 

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 impression of the mind,

enslavement of the mind.

 

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 But with the coming of the King,

it's like the freedom bell rang!

 

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 The Great Emperor Haile Selassie I,

 

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 King of Kings, Lord of Lords,

Emperor of Ethiopia!

 

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 Never before had we as Africans

 

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 seen a Black King or Black Emperor,

because

 

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 in 1930, the projection

of Kings and Kingship

 

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 was that of the White European

dynasty of those who were ruling

 

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 and we were just their subjects,

we were in bondage.

 

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 So you can imagine

the powerful impact it had up on us

 

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 to see for the first time

a Black King.

 

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 Five years after the crowning

of Emperor Haile Selassie I,

 

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 Italy invaded Ethiopia.

 

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 Many, many Black Americans

and members of the Caribbean

 

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 did come to Ethiopia and

fight on behalf of His Majesty.

 

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 They had seen it

as a frontal attack on them,

 

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 the only place

that they could identify

 

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 with as black people, Ethiopia.

 

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 It was after the war now that

 

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 His Majesty, in acknowledgement for

 

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 the blood and the sacrifice that

was made by Africans outside,

 

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 that he granted

this particular piece of land.

 

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 We the Africans who were taken

out of Africa were not forgotten,

 

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 and a place was given

where we could call home.

 

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 That breaks the fairytale,

 

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 'cause my grandmother saw

Africans as monkeys

 

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 swinging on tails,

or the big pot, and the big fire,

 

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 and the White

missionary inside of it,

 

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 and the savage Africans

dancing around.

 

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 So my granny,

you couldn’t call her an African,

 

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 My mother, you couldn't

call her an African,

 

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 'cause Africans were all savages,

barbaric people.

 

/tc 00:23:08:19 00:23:12:19

 Twice in His Majesty's time

 

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 the Time magazine appointed him

"Man of the Year".

 

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 Look at the amount of different magazines,

 

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 different newspapers,

that covered that event.

 

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 The King of Kings in royal

vesture was a black man.

 

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 It gave us pride, it gave us hope.

 

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 That instead of being slaves forever,

 

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 we had a homeland that we could

go to, to become free men.

 

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 Our forefathers were taken away

 

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 oh Jah Rastafari

 

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 oh Selah.

 

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 Make us repatriate

 

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 open the gate, make us repatriate.

 

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 Shashamane how are you feeling?

 

/tc 00:25:13:09 00:25:15:09

 Shashamane!

 

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 Greetings in the name

of His Imperial Majesty

 

/tc 00:25:17:17 00:25:19:22

 Emperor Haile Selassie I,

 

/tc 00:25:20:00 00:25:22:16

 King of Kings, Lord of Lords,

Conquering Lion of the Tribe

 

/tc 00:25:22:18 00:25:26:07

 of Judah, elect

of God, True Light of this World.

 

/tc 00:25:26:09 00:25:30:22

 Today we are presenting the

135th birthday of Haile Selassie I.

 

/tc 00:25:31:05 00:25:33:11

 Ethiopia how are you feeling?

 

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 Our journey through life can be

a complex and tortuous process,

 

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 and sometimes we have to sit back

and reflect on that journey,

 

/tc 00:27:52:22 00:27:55:20

 where we've come from,

where were going.

 

/tc 00:28:06:02 00:28:11:19

 In the early 1970s the UK

suffered a massive economic crisis.

 

/tc 00:28:19:00 00:28:24:10

 Right wing groups were campaigning for black people

from the colonies to be sent home.

 

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 Racist attacks were on the increase.

 

/tc 00:28:44:02 00:28:47:04

 And that’s really how I found out

about Shashamane.

 

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 and the promised land ofEthiopia.

 

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 For Rastas it was a place they could finally call home.

 

/tc 00:28:55:04 00:28:57:06

 For Rastas it was a place they could finally call home.

 

/tc 00:29:01:19 00:29:05:07

 The problem was, no one had ever been there.

 

/tc 00:29:06:07 00:29:08:17

 Did it really exist?

 

/tc 00:30:35:22 00:30:37:22

 When I left Jamaica for Ethiopia,

 

/tc 00:30:37:24 00:30:41:01

 I was just one year

and six months old.

 

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 It was a long journey,

I don't know about the journey

 

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 'cause I was a baby.

 

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 It wasn't easy for any one

because

 

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 in those days it wasn't civilized.

We had to bring water from the river,

 

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 there were no taps like now,

 

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 for washing we had to go

to the river too.

 

/tc 00:31:59:23 00:32:03:23

 - It's not ready.

 

/tc 00:32:04:03 00:32:06:08

 Derek Bishton?

 

/tc 00:32:10:21 00:32:13:01

 My dear Brother yah!

 

/tc 00:32:22:06 00:32:25:06

 - You look pretty here.

- I am old now.

 

/tc 00:32:25:08 00:32:27:21

 You were so shy, I had such

difficulty taking

 

/tc 00:32:27:23 00:32:30:13

 a picture of you!

 

/tc 00:32:32:14 00:32:36:13

 This one is me,

the girl who is dead...

 

/tc 00:32:36:15 00:32:39:13

 Davids... Jasmine.

 

/tc 00:32:39:19 00:32:42:04

 Oh, back in the days!

 

/tc 00:33:11:13 00:33:16:04

 25 cents were left

in my pocket when I came.

 

/tc 00:33:18:01 00:33:21:12

 Just like how we had

one pressure cooker,

 

/tc 00:33:22:02 00:33:25:13

 this was the first jerrycan we had.

 

/tc 00:33:25:24 00:33:31:04

 This jerrycan served all of us.

 

/tc 00:33:35:13 00:33:38:23

 All the land over here was empty.

 

/tc 00:33:41:06 00:33:44:22

 All this has changed. This has gone.

 

/tc 00:33:45:13 00:33:49:09

 This is the only memory of...

 

/tc 00:33:49:11 00:33:52:08

 All these have changed.

 

/tc 00:33:56:17 00:34:00:04

 Also, I'm gonna show you that one,

'cause you might want that one.

 

/tc 00:34:01:00 00:34:03:09

 Oh yes!

 

/tc 00:34:04:04 00:34:09:03

 - Oh yes!

- I don't know who took that picture,

 

/tc 00:34:10:18 00:34:13:00

 because I am in it.

 

/tc 00:34:14:07 00:34:16:08

 Now I'm looking back at myself,

 

/tc 00:34:16:10 00:34:19:00

 at that time

I thought I was this big man,

 

/tc 00:34:19:02 00:34:21:07

 who was coming to Africa.

 

/tc 00:34:21:09 00:34:25:17

 Looking at me now,

I was just a little kid really!

 

/tc 00:34:26:22 00:34:32:04

 Yeah that's real kids stuff there.

 

/tc 00:34:36:14 00:34:41:17

 You know this vest?

We bought it together with Bob Marley.

 

/tc 00:34:41:23 00:34:44:03

 I still have this vest, you know.

 

/tc 00:35:20:08 00:35:23:20

 This is the original picture.

One of the originals.

 

/tc 00:35:24:13 00:35:27:12

 This now, it's me over here,

 

/tc 00:35:27:18 00:35:30:05

 I was a little kid,

 

/tc 00:35:30:08 00:35:32:18

 I was 27 years old,

 

/tc 00:35:32:20 00:35:36:05

 and this is Bob,

this is Bobs manager,

 

/tc 00:35:36:07 00:35:38:12

 his name is Alan Cole,

 

/tc 00:35:40:10 00:35:43:19

 and other members of our community,

they are still present.

 

/tc 00:35:46:10 00:35:49:02

 When he was leaving

he had promised us

 

/tc 00:35:49:04 00:35:51:15

 he would do big things for us.

 

/tc 00:35:51:21 00:35:54:11

 But when he went back,

he immediately fell sick.

 

/tc 00:36:10:20 00:36:15:03

 Our musical prophet, Bob Marley.

 

/tc 00:36:16:07 00:36:21:11

 We, as some of the earlier

youth who took up the faith,

 

/tc 00:36:22:12 00:36:28:12

 fulfilled part of the Exodus

that Bob Marley talks about,

 

/tc 00:36:28:14 00:36:33:23

 "moving out of Babylon,

to our forefathers' land". Yeah.

 

/tc 00:36:35:05 00:36:37:08

 You know.

 

/tc 00:36:50:06 00:36:53:07

 - Hello!

- Yeah!

 

/tc 00:36:57:24 00:37:00:10

 - Come in!

- Thank you!

 

/tc 00:37:07:11 00:37:10:20

 - This way?

- Oh... yeah, yeah.

 

/tc 00:37:12:11 00:37:16:09

 I came to see your father

when you were just four years old.

 

/tc 00:37:16:22 00:37:20:03

 - Oh gosh.

- When you were just a little girl.

 

/tc 00:37:20:05 00:37:22:11

 Yeah?

 

/tc 00:37:25:14 00:37:28:08

 - Nice to meet you.

- It's lovely to see you.

 

/tc 00:37:28:10 00:37:31:19

 - Are these your children?

- Yes, they are my children,

 

/tc 00:37:31:21 00:37:35:04

 Omega Mark, Jahlissa Mark, come Ja!

 

/tc 00:37:36:09 00:37:40:00

 I am giving her worm

medicine for her tummy.

 

/tc 00:37:41:20 00:37:45:18

 - Second last, I have five girls.

- Five girls?

 

/tc 00:37:45:20 00:37:49:20

 That's wonderful! I have four so

you have one more than me!

 

/tc 00:37:49:22 00:37:52:15

 Yeah? Wow, yeah!

 

/tc 00:37:52:17 00:37:56:18

 - So do you have boys?

- No boys.

 

/tc 00:37:56:20 00:37:59:13

 - Just girls?

- We are in the same boat.

 

/tc 00:38:00:21 00:38:03:03

 I brought this for you,

a little present.

 

/tc 00:38:03:05 00:38:07:15

 Rastafari, Jah bless, Selassie.

 

/tc 00:38:07:17 00:38:09:24

 Thank you very much.

 

/tc 00:38:17:21 00:38:20:14

 What!

 

/tc 00:38:22:18 00:38:26:00

 No way...

 

/tc 00:38:26:17 00:38:29:21

 was it you? Yeah?!

 

/tc 00:38:30:02 00:38:33:22

 My dad did have some

pictures like- Oh gosh!

 

/tc 00:38:37:19 00:38:42:08

 Look at that, that’s such a pretty face

 

/tc 00:38:42:16 00:38:45:21

 and you've grown up to be such

a pretty woman as well.

 

/tc 00:38:46:11 00:38:49:10

 I love my daddy, Jah knows!

 

/tc 00:38:49:17 00:38:51:22

 Oh no!

 

/tc 00:38:53:04 00:38:55:10

 It's not me!

 

/tc 00:38:56:10 00:38:58:24

 - Oh gosh!

- Yes it is!

 

/tc 00:38:59:20 00:39:03:23

 No way, look at this!

 

/tc 00:39:09:22 00:39:12:17

 So, I am 36 now.

 

/tc 00:39:13:14 00:39:18:09

 - Yes that's right, 32 years ago.

- Jah Jah...

 

/tc 00:39:42:14 00:39:45:09

 Oh today is what? Monday?

 

/tc 00:39:45:23 00:39:48:11

 Friday, Saturday, Sunday, Monday,

 

/tc 00:39:48:15 00:39:51:11

 38 years and four days!

 

/tc 00:39:54:02 00:39:57:10

 Friday was my 38th anniversary.

 

/tc 00:40:02:00 00:40:04:10

 In Shashamane.

 

/tc 00:40:13:22 00:40:16:01

 It was good to come down,

 

/tc 00:40:16:04 00:40:20:21

 watching the land,

and the acacia trees,

 

/tc 00:40:22:01 00:40:24:12

 it was beautiful.

 

/tc 00:40:24:22 00:40:29:04

 Taking this long journey,

seeing this land,

 

/tc 00:40:29:10 00:40:33:14

 I used to say “land,

lots of land, don’t fence me in!”

 

/tc 00:40:36:11 00:40:38:19

 Our faith was

 

/tc 00:40:38:24 00:40:40:24

 that one day we would see people,

 

/tc 00:40:41:01 00:40:44:09

 and we knew that the land was going

to be developed, and become nice,

 

/tc 00:40:44:11 00:40:47:19

 and I live to see it today.

I give thanks to the Most High.

 

/tc 00:40:48:10 00:40:51:04

 that he's spared me to see it.

 

/tc 00:40:51:14 00:40:54:07

 I’m still struggling, but it’s nice,

 

/tc 00:40:54:21 00:40:58:21

 I have no regrets being in Africa.

 

/tc 00:41:14:08 00:41:18:23

 Repatriation is essential. Repatriation is a must,

 

/tc 00:41:19:14 00:41:24:08

 because until the sons and daughters

of Africa forward to Africa

 

/tc 00:41:24:21 00:41:30:03

 Black people all over the world

 

shall always be used and abused.

 

/tc 00:41:30:14 00:41:34:22

 - It is important…

- When you get to Africa, what will you do?

 

/tc 00:41:36:05 00:41:39:19

 Remember, we were

 kidnapped from Africa

 

/tc 00:41:40:05 00:41:44:03

 and taken into subhuman bondage

to build up this system.

 

/tc 00:41:44:18 00:41:48:15

 Even so, once we built up

the system they didn’t say:

 

/tc 00:41:48:24 00:41:51:18

 alright, get out of here

 

and go back to Africa.

 

/tc 00:41:52:03 00:41:56:04

 When I was in the UK

I’d see things that I knew were folly.

 

/tc 00:41:56:14 00:42:01:14

 You see our people working

 for 60, 50 years, 40 years

 

/tc 00:42:01:18 00:42:04:12

 and they are on the same level,

 

/tc 00:42:04:19 00:42:07:12

 and they can’t get anything

 

/tc 00:42:08:06 00:42:12:14

 because the society says:

 

this is what you should have.

 

/tc 00:42:32:03 00:42:35:02

 There are many children

that are born here

 

/tc 00:42:35:24 00:42:38:20

 and they represent a next generation.

 

/tc 00:42:40:01 00:42:43:06

 Our parents were

not African conscious

 

/tc 00:42:43:13 00:42:46:05

 but we became African conscious

 

/tc 00:42:46:07 00:42:49:01

 and we made the move

to come to Africa.

 

/tc 00:42:49:08 00:42:51:18

 Likewise, we have children that

 

/tc 00:42:51:20 00:42:55:08

 are born here in Africa,

or came here as children to Africa,

 

/tc 00:42:55:23 00:43:01:00

 and our dreams are

not necessarily their dreams.

 

/tc 00:43:04:21 00:43:09:01

 It is a perpetuation of your linage

here on African soil,

 

/tc 00:43:09:10 00:43:13:09

 it shows the fruit of your conquest,

 

/tc 00:43:13:11 00:43:16:22

 because naturally

you have a child to inherit

 

/tc 00:43:16:24 00:43:20:03

 what you have strived and gained for.

 

/tc 00:44:36:19 00:44:39:11

 We pick the five

top students in the class,

 

/tc 00:44:39:13 00:44:42:18

 and from the five top students,

we select the winner.

 

/tc 00:44:43:01 00:44:46:23

 So I expect everyone to be trying to

get that Karl Hamilton scholarship.

 

/tc 00:44:47:03 00:44:51:02

 Ok?

Thank you so much.

 

/tc 00:45:38:03 00:45:42:11

 There are more than

13 millions black people

 

/tc 00:45:42:13 00:45:48:02

 who died in this event

that they created,

 

/tc 00:45:48:04 00:45:50:17

 there are more people that died than

 

/tc 00:45:50:21 00:45:53:14

 when Hitler had killed off the Jews.

 

/tc 00:45:53:17 00:45:58:21

 There are more who died than

the ones who died in Hiroshima,

 

/tc 00:45:59:14 00:46:02:01

 and there's no talk,

 

/tc 00:46:02:03 00:46:05:15

 there's no compensation,

there's no anything.

 

/tc 00:46:06:04 00:46:11:09

 And there is no help

for us to return to Africa.

 

/tc 00:46:12:13 00:46:14:23

 Even at this time you can see

 

/tc 00:46:15:08 00:46:18:22

 the amount of Africans

who are being drowned,

 

/tc 00:46:18:24 00:46:23:11

 who are killing themselves

to cross the sea.

 

/tc 00:46:23:13 00:46:27:22

 Outside of Italy,

and all of these other places,

 

/tc 00:46:28:04 00:46:33:12

 people are dying to cross

and to come to Europe.

 

/tc 00:46:33:14 00:46:36:24

 When they come to Europe,

there is no work for them,

 

/tc 00:46:37:06 00:46:41:22

 so it's like theyre gonna be

another problem.

 

/tc 00:46:42:18 00:46:46:11

 Because everyone feels as

though everything is in Europe,

 

/tc 00:46:46:15 00:46:50:01

 but they have a life in Africa,

 

/tc 00:46:50:03 00:46:54:07

 so I think that they need

the Africans from outside

 

/tc 00:46:54:12 00:46:57:16

 who have a different mindset

 

/tc 00:46:57:22 00:47:00:20

 to help to restore Africa.

 

/tc 00:47:36:20 00:47:41:02

 We came with 5 other persons,

 

/tc 00:47:42:24 00:47:45:20

 six of us, to stay.

 

/tc 00:47:45:23 00:47:49:24

 Three went back after

for different reasons,

 

/tc 00:47:50:06 00:47:54:07

 and three of us stayed until today.

 

/tc 00:48:13:01 00:48:16:12

 You have to want Africa

for Africa to want you.

 

/tc 00:48:19:17 00:48:24:19

 You find a lot of people don't have

that inner strength to persevere.

 

/tc 00:48:27:03 00:48:30:13

 Another one who was here

he stayed for quite a while,

 

/tc 00:48:31:10 00:48:36:12

 and became frustrated after some

time, and went back to Jamaica.

 

/tc 00:49:17:01 00:49:19:08

 In any story about Jamaica…

 

/tc 00:49:20:08 00:49:22:17

 the most important word

 

/tc 00:49:24:03 00:49:25:11

 is slavery.

 

/tc 00:49:30:21 00:49:33:18

 In the late 60s it was illegal

 

/tc 00:49:33:20 00:49:36:10

 to have any book that

advocated Black power.

 

/tc 00:49:36:12 00:49:40:09

 If you were found with a book written

by Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael,

 

/tc 00:49:40:11 00:49:43:11

 Walter Rodney, you could

be arrested and imprisoned,

 

/tc 00:49:43:13 00:49:46:24

 and this is a Black nation.

These are books by Black people,

 

/tc 00:49:47:01 00:49:49:21

 about black people,

on behalf of black people.

 

/tc 00:49:49:24 00:49:53:02

 But our government

banned these books

 

/tc 00:49:53:07 00:49:57:04

 and made them illegal.

So all of this generated

 

/tc 00:49:57:10 00:50:00:06

 a type of social antagonism

 

/tc 00:50:00:08 00:50:04:00

 that resulted in violence

and people feeling dispossessed,

 

/tc 00:50:04:02 00:50:06:04

 as if there was

no future for them here.

 

/tc 00:50:06:07 00:50:08:08

 So the call of the

Back-to-Africa movement

 

/tc 00:50:08:10 00:50:11:20

 became very appealing

and very strong.

 

/tc 00:50:12:00 00:50:16:07

 And the visit of His Imperial

Majesty to Jamaica in 1966

 

/tc 00:50:16:17 00:50:20:17

 caused a huge awakening

of African consciousness,

 

/tc 00:50:21:00 00:50:25:01

 and dramatically increased the desire

and the number of people

 

/tc 00:50:25:03 00:50:29:16

 who wished to eventually

get to Ethiopia.

 

/tc 00:50:43:14 00:50:48:08

 The Emperor came

in his diminutive style and stature,

 

/tc 00:50:48:16 00:50:53:00

 but there was just dignity

in every step and move he made,

 

/tc 00:50:53:02 00:50:56:06

 there was regal dignity

that could be seen.

 

/tc 00:51:43:09 00:51:45:14

 Idleness,

 

/tc 00:51:46:22 00:51:49:03

 treachery,

 

/tc 00:51:49:06 00:51:51:11

 revenge,

 

/tc 00:51:51:13 00:51:53:20

 cruelty,

 

/tc 00:51:53:24 00:51:55:24

 impudence,

 

/tc 00:51:56:01 00:51:58:02

 stealing,

 

/tc 00:51:58:04 00:52:00:04

 lying,

 

/tc 00:52:00:06 00:52:03:15

 profanity,

debauchery,

 

/tc 00:52:04:02 00:52:06:06

 nastiness,

 

/tc 00:52:06:08 00:52:08:14

 and intemperance;

 

/tc 00:52:09:14 00:52:11:19

 Who is the “African”?

 

/tc 00:52:12:21 00:52:16:16

 Who are the people

that we are enslaving?

 

/tc 00:52:17:08 00:52:19:15

 Who are they?

 

/tc 00:52:20:15 00:52:23:04

 If they theorize the body of “African”

 

/tc 00:52:23:06 00:52:25:11

 to be a stealing body,

 

/tc 00:52:25:18 00:52:27:23

 an ugly body,

 

/tc 00:52:29:06 00:52:32:11

 a criminal body, a lying body,

 

/tc 00:52:33:13 00:52:36:02

 an intellectually challenged body.

 

/tc 00:52:36:04 00:52:40:23

 If Africans are denoted

in that manner,

 

/tc 00:52:41:14 00:52:44:22

 it means therefore

you can do anything to them.

 

/tc 00:52:46:11 00:52:49:12

 Slavery ended in Cuba

 

/tc 00:52:49:17 00:52:52:23

 in 1886.

 

/tc 00:52:55:20 00:52:59:12

 Slavery ended in Brazil in 1888.

 

/tc 00:53:01:05 00:53:05:01

 This was five years before

my father was born.

 

/tc 00:53:05:07 00:53:08:15

 My father was born in 1893.

Slavery ended in Brazil

 

/tc 00:53:08:17 00:53:11:02

 in 1888.

 

/tc 00:53:11:23 00:53:16:01

 And in the United States in 1865,

 

/tc 00:53:16:11 00:53:20:06

 and in the French territories

in 1847.

 

/tc 00:53:27:08 00:53:31:23

 This global modern frame of

 

/tc 00:53:32:06 00:53:34:19

 desecrating people by enslavement,

 

/tc 00:53:34:21 00:53:38:23

 By colonial subjection,

by conquest, by genocide,

 

/tc 00:53:39:24 00:53:43:11

 one of the things that it has

done to many Europeans,

 

/tc 00:53:44:11 00:53:48:18

 is to prevent them from being able

to walk and feel,

 

/tc 00:53:49:05 00:53:51:10

 to walk in the shoes of Black people

 

/tc 00:53:51:13 00:53:55:19

 or other non-European people

and to feel for them.

 

/tc 00:53:57:07 00:54:01:16

 In other words,

it destroys or deadens

 

/tc 00:54:01:22 00:54:04:17

 the culture of empathy.

 

/tc 00:54:06:18 00:54:09:17

 If we look at those

who own the economies,

 

/tc 00:54:09:19 00:54:12:20

 even in Caribbean territories today,

 

/tc 00:54:15:08 00:54:17:24

 the big owners of the economy

do not look like

 

/tc 00:54:18:01 00:54:22:02

 the majority of the populations,

to this day.

 

/tc 00:54:22:21 00:54:25:15

 And it has nothing to do

 

/tc 00:54:26:09 00:54:30:09

 with over 350 years of enslavement?

 

/tc 00:54:31:10 00:54:34:00

 and it has nothing to do

with over 100 years

 

/tc 00:54:34:02 00:54:39:00

 of post-slavery colonialism?

Of course it does.

 

/tc 00:55:13:18 00:55:17:12

 Yes. May 25th, 1973,

 

/tc 00:55:17:19 00:55:22:11

 as a young man,

not yet reaching my 20th birthday,

 

/tc 00:55:23:00 00:55:26:10

 already married with one child,

 

/tc 00:55:27:03 00:55:31:07

 I found myself standing

on the tarmac in Bole airport

 

/tc 00:55:31:09 00:55:33:20

 in Addis Ababa.

 

/tc 00:55:36:05 00:55:39:10

 Very early I realized that

there was a lot of tension

 

/tc 00:55:39:12 00:55:43:23

 and a lot of opposition

to the Emperor's government.

 

/tc 00:55:45:07 00:55:48:05

 But the tension kept growing,

and by September

 

/tc 00:55:48:11 00:55:52:06

 we were really

 

/tc 00:55:52:09 00:55:56:09

 discombobulated on New Years Day

 

/tc 00:55:56:11 00:55:59:22

 to hear that the Emperor had been

arrested and was overthrown.

 

/tc 00:56:00:09 00:56:02:18

 Then the following day, the 12,

 

/tc 00:56:02:20 00:56:06:21

 the abolition of the monarchy

was announced, and the...

 

/tc 00:56:07:09 00:56:11:14

 installation of a Provisional

Military Administrative Council,

 

/tc 00:56:11:16 00:56:16:19

 known as the Derg,

that began its reign

 

/tc 00:56:16:21 00:56:20:04

 and became a nightmare

for the Ethiopian people.

 

/tc 00:56:29:16 00:56:32:24

 The military government

nationalized all lands.

 

/tc 00:56:33:07 00:56:37:23

 By March 1st

our land was invaded

 

/tc 00:56:38:00 00:56:41:19

 by Ethiopian farmers,

 

/tc 00:56:41:24 00:56:45:16

 who interpreted

the nationalization of lands

 

/tc 00:56:45:18 00:56:49:02

 to mean that our land grant

should be confiscated

 

/tc 00:56:49:04 00:56:51:05

 and we should return to Jamaica,

because it was

 

/tc 00:56:51:07 00:56:54:12

 the Emperor who gave us the land.

 

/tc 00:56:54:16 00:56:56:23

 So they came and took it.

 

/tc 00:56:57:11 00:57:00:08

 When we reported this to our embassy,

 

/tc 00:57:00:10 00:57:04:16

 they offered all of us

a ticket back to Jamaica.

 

/tc 00:57:19:09 00:57:21:09

 So did you hear anything

from our brothers

 

/tc 00:57:21:11 00:57:23:11

 in Shashamene land recently?

 

/tc 00:57:23:13 00:57:27:15

 - I know you are in touch more

than me. - Yeah, yesterday,

 

/tc 00:57:29:19 00:57:33:04

 I had a good talk with the brothers,

and things are happening,

 

/tc 00:57:33:06 00:57:35:24

 and there is movement taking place.

 

/tc 00:57:37:01 00:57:39:21

 People are coming in and

all kind of things are happening.

 

/tc 00:57:39:23 00:57:43:06

 - New people are coming in?

- Yeah, it's a big community now,

 

/tc 00:57:43:08 00:57:46:09

 - not a little community like when we

were there. - That's right! - Yeah!

 

/tc 00:57:46:11 00:57:48:11

 We would be afraid to walk

from Brother Baugh, 'cause

 

/tc 00:57:48:13 00:57:54:13

 - jib would eat us. - We had

to run the hyenas all that way!

 

/tc 00:57:57:01 00:58:01:18

 It's a great job and the brothers

over there who hold onto it,

 

/tc 00:58:02:11 00:58:05:17

 are doing more than a great job.

Brothers and sisters who hold it,

 

/tc 00:58:06:02 00:58:08:22

 they need recognition,

 

/tc 00:58:08:24 00:58:12:11

 because without them,

all who are coming there now...

 

/tc 00:58:13:11 00:58:16:03

 All of that we did in the beginning

would have been in vain too.

 

/tc 00:58:16:05 00:58:18:08

 Of course, of course.

 

/tc 00:59:05:24 00:59:09:04

 We have left our families,

our friends

 

/tc 00:59:09:08 00:59:12:14

 from wherever part of the world

we came from.

 

/tc 00:59:12:16 00:59:14:16

 And we are here.

 

/tc 00:59:14:18 00:59:18:15

 If someone is sick, another person

have to take care of them,

 

/tc 00:59:19:02 00:59:22:11

 if someone die, we have to bury them,

 

/tc 00:59:23:13 00:59:29:12

 if the children need

that moral support,

 

/tc 00:59:29:17 00:59:33:16

 we have to give it to them.

So we need one another.

 

/tc 00:59:52:13 00:59:56:14

 We were taken away

and taken to the West

 

/tc 00:59:57:02 01:00:02:09

 and we are the ones now

who have the Western training,

 

/tc 01:00:02:11 01:00:05:14

 the Western knowledge

and technology.

 

/tc 01:00:10:21 01:00:13:24

 It's not an easy road,

but unless they can understand

 

/tc 01:00:14:03 01:00:16:18

 what part we play in Africa,

 

/tc 01:00:17:05 01:00:21:08

 we are not able to assist

with our skills.

 

/tc 01:00:21:10 01:00:24:23

 It is just a matter of time

 

/tc 01:00:25:01 01:00:29:15

 for the Ethiopian government

to acknowledge us

 

/tc 01:00:30:03 01:00:33:17

 and give us our identity

as Ethiopians.

 

/tc 01:00:46:14 01:00:51:01

 So let the words of our minds

 

/tc 01:00:51:04 01:00:56:01

 and the meditation of our hearts

 

/tc 01:00:56:04 01:01:01:03

 be acceptable in Jah's sight

 

/tc 01:01:01:07 01:01:05:10

 oh Rastafari.

 

/tc 01:01:14:12 01:01:16:20

 During the Derg period,

 

/tc 01:01:16:23 01:01:19:17

 after the overthrow

of His Majesty's government,

 

/tc 01:01:19:22 01:01:22:18

 most land was nationalized,

 

/tc 01:01:23:02 01:01:26:01

 including our land grant.

 

/tc 01:01:26:15 01:01:30:09

 But some of the brothers

that were here made protests

 

/tc 01:01:30:15 01:01:34:11

 and a portion was re-returned

to those who were here,

 

/tc 01:01:34:13 01:01:37:08

 not to those who were still to come.

 

/tc 01:01:37:10 01:01:41:14

 Those of us who came after that,

found ourselves in a predicament.

 

/tc 01:01:42:00 01:01:45:03

 Because although we are

on the original land grant,

 

/tc 01:01:45:22 01:01:49:15

 it is occupied

by the indigenous people.

 

/tc 01:02:15:00 01:02:18:22

 This is an "o" you know, so is ho...

 

/tc 01:02:20:10 01:02:23:09

 - Came ho...

- Home.

 

/tc 01:02:23:13 01:02:26:20

 in a...

 

/tc 01:02:26:22 01:02:31:00

 - bag... - Big.

- Big ba....

 

/tc 01:02:32:19 01:02:35:13

 - basket.

- Ok.

 

/tc 01:02:35:23 01:02:38:17

 You could make a song from that.

 

/tc 01:02:39:07 01:02:41:18

 Where is my ball?

 

/tc 01:02:42:02 01:02:45:20

 I looked under the bed,

I looked behind the door,

 

/tc 01:02:47:04 01:02:49:24

 I looked under the stool,

 

/tc 01:02:50:17 01:02:54:14

 then home comes my father.

I say: "my ball, I cant find it".

 

/tc 01:02:54:20 01:02:58:05

 - And what happened?

- I found it. - Good ending.

 

/tc 01:02:58:23 01:03:03:01

 Ok? After a lot of problems,

you get what you are looking for.

 

/tc 01:03:23:09 01:03:25:14

 Amba pons in Marabella is the place.

 

/tc 01:03:25:16 01:03:29:08

 "Amba pons" means there is

a big problem in Marabella.

 

/tc 01:03:29:20 01:03:31:23

 This is in Trinidad you know.

 

/tc 01:03:32:00 01:03:35:16

 So, it is what

you call slave uprising.

 

/tc 01:03:37:12 01:03:40:17

 What does it mean

"cest la meme perdi gangan"?

 

/tc 01:03:40:21 01:03:43:20

 It means the same old thing

is going to happen.

 

/tc 01:03:43:22 01:03:48:04

 That means they would just...

they would kill anybody.

 

/tc 01:03:49:22 01:03:52:16

 Ambas pons in Marabella,

 

/tc 01:03:53:04 01:03:55:23

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:03:56:00 01:03:59:05

 Ambas pons in Marabella,

 

/tc 01:03:59:07 01:04:02:07

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:02:09 01:04:05:09

 Ambas pons in Marabella,

 

/tc 01:04:05:14 01:04:08:03

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:08:05 01:04:11:13

 Ambas pons in Marabella,

 

/tc 01:04:11:19 01:04:14:16

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:14:18 01:04:18:00

 Ambas pons in Marabella,

 

/tc 01:04:18:02 01:04:20:22

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:21:10 01:04:24:13

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:24:17 01:04:27:17

 C'est la meme perdi gangan.

 

/tc 01:04:27:20 01:04:30:06

 C'est la...

 

/tc 01:04:36:17 01:04:40:05

 When it comes with the documentation

 

/tc 01:04:40:11 01:04:43:04

 that is the biggest problem.

 

/tc 01:04:45:07 01:04:48:21

 Because we haven't got

the papers for the land.

 

/tc 01:04:53:21 01:04:58:01

 So, the problem of the land

could lead to banks,

 

/tc 01:04:58:04 01:05:02:17

 bank accounts, or even loans,

 

/tc 01:05:02:19 01:05:05:16

 or certain business that you want

to do, transactions you can't make,

 

/tc 01:05:05:18 01:05:10:17

 because they are gonna ask

for your papers for your land.

 

/tc 01:05:11:00 01:05:14:09

 Now also, if you want to take

a local business,

 

/tc 01:05:15:22 01:05:19:09

 that's the same problem.

Where are your papers?

 

/tc 01:05:25:11 01:05:28:16

 The land grant

 

/tc 01:05:28:18 01:05:31:04

 was granted by His Majesty.

 

/tc 01:05:32:05 01:05:36:19

 Ethiopians have turned their backs

on His Majesty,

 

/tc 01:05:37:01 01:05:42:03

 and because of that

they don't want to honor

 

/tc 01:05:42:15 01:05:46:24

 anything that His Majesty did,

but they won't take away

 

/tc 01:05:47:13 01:05:50:02

 everything that His Majesty did.

 

/tc 01:05:50:04 01:05:54:08

 Then it's like everything

is still left in limbo.

 

/tc 01:05:55:14 01:05:58:23

 And we end up being

a people in limbo.

 

/tc 01:05:59:03 01:06:01:21

 It's like you have

a British passport,

 

/tc 01:06:01:23 01:06:06:05

 but you're not gonna get

the British government agitating

 

/tc 01:06:06:07 01:06:10:08

 for you to be citizens in Ethiopia.

 

/tc 01:06:10:10 01:06:12:12

 It's like you have

a Jamaican passport,

 

/tc 01:06:12:14 01:06:15:09

 but you're not gonna have

the Jamaican's agitating,

 

/tc 01:06:15:11 01:06:17:22

 because this is not known.

 

/tc 01:07:15:22 01:07:19:03

 In Africa, this tribal aspect,

 

/tc 01:07:19:05 01:07:22:18

 disappoints me really.

 

/tc 01:07:23:03 01:07:26:22

 And then the fact

that they dont know

 

/tc 01:07:27:08 01:07:30:01

 our past,

 

/tc 01:07:30:17 01:07:35:15

 means that even today,

 

/tc 01:07:36:12 01:07:40:00

 if they could send us back,

they would send us back still.

 

/tc 01:07:43:18 01:07:47:11

 They do not understand

really why you are here.

 

/tc 01:07:47:13 01:07:53:09

 They have this American dream,

to have a life of luxury.

 

/tc 01:07:56:07 01:07:59:23

 That is the problem for me,

the disappointment,

 

/tc 01:08:00:06 01:08:02:22

 that is always

the ignorance of the people.

 

/tc 01:08:07:11 01:08:09:16

 Always the ignorance.

 

/tc 01:08:49:03 01:08:52:01

 Sometimes in life you have to make

 

/tc 01:08:52:11 01:08:55:10

 a decision that is a sacrifice

 

/tc 01:08:55:22 01:08:58:03

 for what you believe in.

 

/tc 01:09:00:13 01:09:05:05

 I struggled, and I have seen

my brothers and sisters struggle

 

/tc 01:09:06:03 01:09:12:03

 to make home what they wanted to be.

 

/tc 01:09:12:21 01:09:16:18

 And it wasn't easy.

And it is still not easy.

 

/tc 01:09:17:03 01:09:19:17

 Because people are coming still and

 

/tc 01:09:19:24 01:09:22:00

 this is what they have

to think about.

 

/tc 01:09:22:02 01:09:26:05

 Is it really home?

Can we make it our home?

 

/tc 01:09:44:02 01:09:48:23

 The essence of power is the

ability to define someones reality

 

/tc 01:09:49:03 01:09:51:12

 and have them live according

to that definition

 

/tc 01:09:51:14 01:09:54:14

 as though it is a definition

of their own choosing.

 

/tc 01:10:01:14 01:10:03:21

 High on the agenda

for me is the removal

 

/tc 01:10:03:23 01:10:07:01

 of the Queen of England

as the Head of State of Jamaica.

 

/tc 01:10:07:03 01:10:10:05

 When she visits here

and she speaks to the parliament,

 

/tc 01:10:10:07 01:10:13:20

 I've heard her say:

"my government in Jamaica".

 

/tc 01:10:14:17 01:10:17:20

 So she doesn't believe

in Reparations, she believes that

 

/tc 01:10:17:22 01:10:21:10

 we must continue to work

to benefit her country.

 

/tc 01:10:22:08 01:10:25:01

 In other words, true independence

has not yet come.

 

/tc 01:10:25:03 01:10:27:03

 We are not truly independent

 

/tc 01:10:27:05 01:10:30:08

 because we still have the colonial

master as head of Jamaica.

 

/tc 01:10:42:21 01:10:47:18

 By the sweat of your brows

Youll surely eat bread

 

/tc 01:10:48:10 01:10:53:12

 God is here

and always will be everywhere

 

/tc 01:10:54:00 01:10:59:11

 We work like a slave night and day

 

/tc 01:10:59:22 01:11:04:07

 The little that we really achieved

 

/tc 01:11:04:14 01:11:10:03

 We give thanks and praise

unto Earths Rightful Ruler

 

/tc 01:11:10:09 01:11:16:08

 African Israelites, hear your voice

 

/tc 01:11:16:18 01:11:22:15

 I'm calling from away down

in the West

 

/tc 01:11:22:24 01:11:26:13

 Where all that they teach us

is nothing black

 

/tc 01:11:26:15 01:11:31:16

 is any good

 

/tc 01:11:34:06 01:11:37:11

 Often times when I'm depressed, I say

"Boy if I had never left Ethiopia?"

 

/tc 01:11:37:13 01:11:39:13

 but anyway.

 

/tc 01:11:42:09 01:11:44:09

 The military was more

and more unpopular,

 

/tc 01:11:44:11 01:11:46:20

 there was more and more resistance,

there were a lot of people dying

 

/tc 01:11:46:22 01:11:48:24

 on a daily basis.

 

/tc 01:11:49:22 01:11:53:19

 The reality of that moment was...

 

/tc 01:11:54:04 01:11:58:04

 I am leaving this place before

anything can happen here.

 

/tc 01:11:59:03 01:12:01:11

 Better to go back to the West,

 

/tc 01:12:01:21 01:12:06:02

 grow your family,

consolidate things, and

 

/tc 01:12:06:22 01:12:11:05

 wait on the Lord,

he shall bring it to pass.

 

/tc 01:12:36:16 01:12:41:09

 The memory of home,

and my mother in particular.

 

/tc 01:12:42:07 01:12:46:08

 She wasn't a woman that complained

 

/tc 01:12:46:13 01:12:49:17

 or made an issue of the fact

that we didnt have much

 

/tc 01:12:49:20 01:12:52:11

 but she was a hard working woman

 

/tc 01:12:52:16 01:12:55:07

 and she put her children first.

 

/tc 01:12:58:11 01:13:03:00

 That is also a part of the traits

I have inherited from my mother,

 

/tc 01:13:03:09 01:13:07:12

 to take pride in the things

that you do or dont do them at all.

 

/tc 01:13:10:04 01:13:15:07

 So my only desire if I was

to go back to the West

 

/tc 01:13:15:09 01:13:20:17

 would be to see my mother before

she passes on to her next journey.

 

/tc 01:13:21:03 01:13:25:10

 She's up in age, but because

of the situation here,

 

/tc 01:13:27:00 01:13:29:14

 we are not able to freely move.

 

/tc 01:14:09:13 01:14:13:01

 Ethiopia allows

the Rastaman to be here,

 

/tc 01:14:13:05 01:14:17:22

 in the sense that they are not

persecuting us, or chasing us away.

 

/tc 01:14:25:05 01:14:28:06

 But Ethiopia is a country

where you need an exit visa,

 

/tc 01:14:28:08 01:14:30:21

 you need permission to leave.

 

/tc 01:14:42:06 01:14:46:03

 We're in a catch 22,

we are free to leave

 

/tc 01:14:46:05 01:14:49:19

 but it would cost us paying

the immigration a lot of money

 

/tc 01:14:49:21 01:14:52:13

 because we came initially

on a tourist visa

 

/tc 01:14:52:15 01:14:55:20

 and that situation

hasn't been resolved yet.

 

/tc 01:15:05:06 01:15:08:06

 So, anybody that wants

to see Ras Mweya,

 

/tc 01:15:08:08 01:15:11:11

 let's make sure that you have 20$

 

/tc 01:15:12:06 01:15:16:22

 for 12 months, for 17 years.

 

/tc 01:15:18:07 01:15:21:09

 And that to free me,

plus 10.000$

 

/tc 01:15:21:11 01:15:26:04

 on stand by for the court,

plus the airplane ticket.

 

/tc 01:15:47:07 01:15:53:06

 Jesus, keep me near the cross

 

/tc 01:15:54:23 01:16:00:22

 there's a precious fountain

 

/tc 01:16:02:00 01:16:05:14

 free to all

 

/tc 01:16:05:16 01:16:09:07

 a healing stream

 

/tc 01:16:09:17 01:16:15:16

 that flows from Calvary's mountain.

 

/tc 01:16:17:17 01:16:23:03

 In the cross, in the cross

 

/tc 01:16:23:12 01:16:29:05

 be my glory forever

 

/tc 01:16:30:06 01:16:35:22

 till my raptured soul shall find

 

/tc 01:16:36:13 01:16:42:13

 rest beyond the river.

 

/tc 01:16:44:17 01:16:50:09

 Near the cross I'll watch and wait

 

/tc 01:16:51:11 01:16:57:10

 hoping, trusting forever

 

/tc 01:16:58:14 01:17:04:10

 till I reach the golden strand

 

/tc 01:17:05:08 01:17:11:07

 just beyond the river.

 

 

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