CATALONIA INDEPENDENCE (BRABANT) -- PBS NHWE -- SAT OCT 21, 2017

UPDATED SAT. OCT. 21 730AM ET.  TRTR APX. 9:00

 

(SUGGESTED LEAD)

LATEST -- WHAT CATALONIA DECIDES + MADRID CABINET MEETING -- SATURDAY/

/

NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT MALCOLM BRABANT REPORTS, THE CATALONIA INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT STEMS FROM LONG-HELD GRIEVANCES AND REFLECTS DEEP-SEATED DIFFERENCES AMONG ITS POPULATION.

###

 

(NATSOT DEMO TODAY VIDEO)

At Barcelona’s Sagrada Familia Cathedral, the soundtrack was not of chiming bells, but of  banging pots and pans on neighboring balconies. This is the  traditional protest of Catalonia’s independence supporters. They were furious with the Spanish cabinet deciding to suspend the region’s autonomy and impose direct rule from Madrid…

 

(NATSOT DEMO - IN SPANISH)

 

(VO DEMO THURSDAY)

“Out with the forces of occupation,” chanted protesters outside an office of Spain’s central government, in Barcelona,when the Madrid l government’s intentions were made plain.

 

(SOT MALE protester MOS Spanish translation / ENGLISH VO NEEDED)

// “I am very happy that a lot of people are going out in the street. We will not stop.”

 

(SOT FEMALE Jordi Balisells, Realtor - Spanish translation / ENGLISH VO NEEDED)

“Do not forget that, for example, the American independence wasn't legal. All independence, by definition, is illegal.”

 

(VO set up or back time Elalia)

Elalia Reguant is a member of Catalonia’s regional parliament that voted to defy Spain.

 

(SOT FEMALE Eulalia Reguant, Member of Catalan Parliament - Spanish translation / ENGLISH VO)

“Independence is not a lost cause. Independence is more necessary than ever, People are our only weapon, because we know that is the only way to build a society that is fair and equitable,”

 

(STANDUP Malcolm Brabant. Barcelona, Spain)

The last time Europe witnessed a major country breaking up was in the early 1990s, when Yugoslavia disintegrated in a series of wars that left 20,000 dead in Croatia and more than 100,000 killed in Bosnia. Now those countries had to fight for their independence. Catalonia is different. It doesn’t have an army. And as far as anyone knows, it doesn’t have a secret paramilitary organization.

 

(NATSOT PROTEST -- SUBTITLE TRANSLATION)

TK

 

(VO demo)

Catalonia’s decade-long drive toward independence has relied on the power of peaceful public protests. But it’s met total resistance from Madrid and the European Union, which does not want to encourage other separatist movements in France, Italy and Belgium

 

This week, Spain’s detention of two leading independence activists on sedition charges fueled Catalan anger. Nuria Simon, a tour guide in Barcelona, is among protesters who claim the future of democracy is at stake.

 

(SOT Nuria Simon, tour guide - in English)

“As a Catalan, I feel very mistreated from the Spanish government. It’s nothing against the country. It’s nothing against our neighbors in Spain. It’s against Spanish government They’ve crossed the red line one, two, three times again. We’re taxed much more than the rest of Spain. There is no freedom of expression nowadays.”

 

(VO)

After the October 1st referendum, judged illegal by Spain’s highest court, Carles Puigdemont, head of Catalonia’s autonomous government, declared independence.  But he immediately suspended the process for two months to try to secure negotiations with the Spanish government.

 

(VO MADRID REAX OR GFX HEADLINES)

Madrid was resolute. There would be no discussions about unravelling the ties that bind.

 

Puigdemont is being advised by political scientist Marc Sanjaume Calvet, who outlines the motivations for independence.

 

(SOT Marc Sanjaume Calvet, Catalan government advisor -- in English)

“An important aspect is identity, recognition of national identity. A second important element is economy. Catalonia is a relatively rich region and would like to get-- to raise taxes and get its own share in its wealth.”

 

(VO Barcelona beauties, Gaudi sites) 

There are seven and a half million Catalans, who comprise a sixth of Spain’s population. The region is Spain’s most popular tourist destination, with 18 million visitors every year. Many are drawn to the avante garde buildings and surreal roof tops designed by 19th century architect Antoni Gaudi.  Overall, Catalonia generates nearly a fifth of Spain’s annual income. But Barcelona claims that of every tax dollar levied by Madrid, only 63 cents is reinvested in Catalonia. In particular, the shortfall has negatively impacted the region’s infrastructure.

 

(SOT Marc Sanjaume Calvet, Catalan government advisor -- in English)

“The Catalonia institutions have been asking for a long time for a new arrangement, a new constitutional arrangements allowing Catalonia to be recognized as a nation, allowing Catalonia to have a new financial system, and to get more powers in international sphere. //  The Catalan government should show to the world that Catalonia wants to be a country and wants to be a partner to the other European countries.’’

 

(VO -- NY INSERT FILE WAR, FRANCO)

Then there’s the hangover of history. During the 1930s Civil War, war, left wing Catalonia was the last part of Spain to fall to Fascist forces led by General Francisco Franco, an ally of Adolf Hitler. As Spain’s dictator, Franco wreaked vengeance by outlawing the Catalan language, removing cultural institutions, executing opponents, and imprisoning 20-thousand people. The language and civil rights were restored only after Franco’s death in 1975, but bitterness lingered.

 

(SOT Marc Sanjaume Calvet, Catalan government advisor -- in English)

“Current attitudes of the Spanish government remind to some Catalans to this Franco period.”

 

(VO couple walking, holding hands)

Built on such a legacy, Catalonia’s independence movement is dividing friends and families. Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, an English teacher, and her husband Santiago, a publishing executive, have two children and are on opposite sides of the debate.

 

(SOT Santiago Ruiz de Velasco Aranguren, Publishing executive and unionist -- in English)

“We are going rapidly toward disaster, and I feel very powerless to stop it.”

 

(SOT Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, English teacher, Independence advocate -- in English)

“All we can do is try and show the world our will to be independent in the most peaceful possible way.”

 

(SOT Santiago Ruiz de Velasco Aranguren, Publishing executive and unionist -- in English)

“I think it’s suicide. You know, it’s economical suicide.” 

 

(SOT Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, English teacher, Independence advocate -- in English)

“I think it is absolutely worth it.”

 

(SOT Santiago Ruiz de Velasco Aranguren, Publishing executive and unionist -- in English)

“I could love my children to live in a world with less barriers, not more. So for me independence, Brexit, Catalonian independence, the Basque independence movement  -- everything that creates more reasons to be separated, conceptually, is a step backwards for me.”

 

(SOT Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, English teacher, Independence advocate -- in English)

“The first thing is respect. Respect towards our language, towards our culture, towards our tradition, because they are being systematically attacked.  And this is not the one thing that’s started to happen in the last few weeks; this has been happening for years.”

 

(SOT Santiago Ruiz de Velasco Aranguren, Publishing executive and unionist -- in English)

“They really talk about how things are going to be better, and when I look around, I see people here eating very well, having good jobs, having money to spend. They can have an opinions, they have the newspaper, they have the media, they have the political institutions. I see the quality of life here is really, really good.”

 

(SOT Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, English teacher, Independence advocate -- in English)

“We talk about what’s ahead of us, and it’s scary, and we don’t know. There’s uncertainty, there are dangers, of course there are. But I wonder what will happen to us if we remain. Now, at this point?  I am much more scared of that.”

 

(VO)

Before the referendum, opinion polls suggested a majority of Catalans, like retired geography professor Juan Antonio Melendez, favored unity with Spain.

 

(SOT Juan Antonio Melendez -- Spanish translation / ENGLISH VO)

“Many Catalan people are so worried, they have already transferred their assets to banks outside of Catalonia. There is a real fear of a bank freeze. This is very important for people who have their whole life’s savings, old people who saved for their pension and don’t want to lose it.”

 

(VO)

Uncertainty over how independence might affect the economy  has led to 700 companies, including Catalonia’s Caixa Bank, protectively moving their registered offices out of the region. Pro-independence organizations have urged account holders to withdraw their money from the bank to protest. Student Marc Torrano was happy to oblige.

 

(SOT Marc Torrano, Student -- in English)

“We want to  let the banks know that we don’t agree with them taking the headquarters out of our country just because we wanted to declare independence. But I am not sure if this protest is going to work. // I didn’t take a big amount. Just a symbolic thing.

 

(VO DEMOS)

Despite the the hard pushback on their independence dream, the secessionists refuse to believe their cause is futile and take to the streets in their tens of thousands.

 

(SOT FEMALE MOS -- in Spanish / ENGLISH VO NEEDED)

“The Spanish government has completely lost our respect. It doesn’t have any dignity or respect. They are worse than Franco. Because Franco already died long time ago, and we’re supposed to have moved on, but nothing has moved on. We’re even worse.”

 

(SOT FEMALE MOS in Spanish / ENGLISH VO NEEDED)

“I want a Catalonia that is free, independent, with freedom of opinion.”

 

(VO)

Back in the cafe, husband and wife, remain at loggerheads.

 

(SOT Santiago Ruiz de Velasco Aranguren, Publishing executive and unionist)

“The people who advocate for independence, they are really fearless of the consequences, and they think ‘at whatever cost.’ And I think that happens because we have lived in a very comfortable society, and we don’t realize really what ‘any cost’ means.”

 

(SOT Nuria Lopez Ontiveros, English teacher, Independence advocate)

“I think at first it’s going to be rough. But I think that in the long run, it’s going to be a positive thing for all of us, if we collect our taxes, not having to share them with the rest of Spain I think we might be better off.”

 

(VO HUGE NIGHT TIME RALLY VIDEO)

This is Spain’s most serious political crisis in 40 years, and today’s developments are certain to trigger large demonstrations of the kind seen earlier this week. The cabinet decision has to be approved by the Senate, but with support in Madrid across party lines, that IS likely.  This is uncharted territory for modern Spain, and the divisions between the two sides seem to be deepening by the hour.

###

 

It’s reported that Madrid is planning to arrest Catalonia’s leader Carles Puigmont if he declares independence.

 

 

 

 

 

TIMECODE

LOWER THIRD

1

1:01

EULALIA REGUANT

MEMBER OF CATALAN PARLIAMENT

2

1:17

BARCELONA, SPAIN

MALCOLM BRABANT

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

3

2:40

OCTOBER 1

GIRONA, SPAIN

4

3:11

MARC SANJAUME CALVET

CATALAN GOVERNMENT ADVISER

 

© 2019 Journeyman Pictures
Journeyman Pictures Ltd. 4-6 High Street, Thames Ditton, Surrey, KT7 0RY, United Kingdom
Email: info@journeyman.tv

This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For more info see our Cookies Policy