ASIA’S METH BOOM

 

Strand Title:

101 East

Programme Number & Title: Asia’s Meth Boom

Date: march 7

Script Version: FINAL

Transmission date (known or approx):

 

Total Programme Duration (mins:secs):

 

Al Jazeera producer/program editor name:

Al Jazeera producer/program editor telephone number:

AL Jazeera bureau:

Commissioning Executive name: Sharon Robool

Commissioning Executive telephone number:

Name and address of commission/Independent company:

2050 Productions Ltd., 1269/1 Mooban Ramintranivet, Taraeng Bangkaen, Bangkok 10230

 

 

 

 

Instructions:

Please use colour-coding when listing contributors and sourced footage. This will enable those elements to be more easily compared/ added to the PasC form.

Narration – in CAPS

Dialogue – italics

Correspondent to Camera, PTC – in plain text  

Names and references as they appear in this transcript: [from lower thirds]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time

Visuals

Audio

0:00

 

MUSIC:

ANW1177_24_Street-Patrol-4-(60).wav

ANW1177_03_Street-Patrol.wav

00:06

Archive of Malaysia, Philippines press conference standing in front of lots of meth.

RC-MYS-1tonne

1:50min

4157673.mxf

RECORD BREAKING AMOUNTS OF METHAMPHETAMINES ARE BEING SEIZED ACROSS ASIA.

 

00:06

 

Sound up, crackling of meth packaging.

00:12

Archive of Thai busts, that just show more and more and more meth.

RC-THA-Authorities

1:51- Wide of meth stacks

1:10-CU of number

RC-THA-Seizes

RC-THA-Incinerates

 

 

… MASSIVE HAULS OF PILLS AND CRYSTAL METH ARE FLOODING THE REGION

SOME OF IT REACHING AS FAR NORTH AS JAPAN, AND AS FAR SOUTH AS AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.   

 

00:24

Pkg-tha-narcotics-drugs-cme-170716

 

WHERE DOES IT ALL COME FROM? - MYANMAR THE BIGGEST METH PRODUCER IN THE WORLD.

 

Thailand Justice Minister: 1:20-1:29

The world has lost the war on drugs

 

0:40

Pailin in van scribbling, looking out window of van.

Day2/FS7/01_INDIA4227.MXF-4232

Day2/GOPRO100

DAY6&7/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4962

11:51:29:09

Van exterior winding through mountains

101 EAST TRAVELS TO THE BORDERLANDS OF MYANMAR TO INVESTIGATE WHAT’S DRIVING ASIA’S METH BOOM AND WHY AUTHORITIES ARE POWERLESS TO STOP IT.

 

 

101 East Sting

 

 

MUSIC:

ANW2848_08_Dark-Web.wav

00:06

Location: Thailand

Day2/FS7/01_INDIA4234-36, 39-42

Fog timelapses

Day2/GOPRO100

Day2/FS7/01_INDIA4321-25

THIS IS THE SO-CALLED GOLDEN TRIANGLE, A BORDER REGION KNOWN FOR ITS BEAUTY ….AND NOTORIOUS FOR DRUGS.

00:06

 

Day2/FS7/01_INDIA4363.MXF

PTC: Behind these mountains is Myanmar. We’re standing in Thailand and just over there is a highway making it really easy for traffickers to bring drugs over the border and straight to the cities of Thailand. This area used to be known for heroin and opium trafficking but that’s on the decline. Meth is on the rise. It’s a perfect combination of geography, infrastructure, supply and demand.

01:35

 

MUSIC

Triads 2 1487/22

Triads_3

01:37

Col. Chatree Sanguan-Tham

Special Task Force Commander The 2nd Cavalry Regiment

Walk at the border with Colonel.

DAY1/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA4047.MXF

 

WE’RE ON THE FRONT LINE OF THE DRUG WAR JOINING A THAI MILITARY PATROL TRYING TO STOP THE MASSIVE FLOW OF METHAMPHETAMINES COMING ACROSS THE BORDER.

COLONEL CHATREE SANGAUN-THAM IS THE LEADER OF THE SPECIAL UNIT ON PATROL.

HE’S BEEN ON THE JOB FOR LESS THAN A YEAR BUT HE’S OVERSEEN SOME OF THAILAND’S BIGGEST AND MOST VIOLENT BUSTS.

2:01

 

File 01_INDIA4057

00:34:15:17-00:34:30:22

We have to make them realise you can’t come into our country that easily. You will face tough enforcement.

 

01_INDIA4067-78

Sound up from soldiers prepping their weapons.

 2:16

Soldiers getting into trucks,

Pailin in truck with Colonel

DAY1/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4080-87

 

 

“It’s a route we monitor when we suspect trafficking activity.”

DAY1/FS7/01_INDIA4082.MXF

 (Thai)

PW: Tell me about the area we’re travelling to. Is it an area traffickers use often?

00:50:53:13 It’s a route that we suspect there will be trafficking. 00:51:02:04 And if there is trafficking, that’s where we would go. 00:51:05:16

 

DAY1/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4088-99

Sound up from military trucks

 2:35

DAY1/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4106-4118

*do not show CU of map, has classified info

DAY1/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4094

 

THE UNIT COVERS MORE THAN THIRTY KILOMETERS OF THE BORDER.

MANY ENCOUNTERS END UP IN GUN FIGHTS.

THIS TEAM KILLED FIVE TRAFFICKERS DURING A BUST A FEW MONTHS AGO.

BUT THERE ARE ALWAYS MORE WILLING TO TAKE THEIR CHANCES.

TRAFFICKERS WITH BACKPACKS FULL OF METH CAN RUN ACROSS THE BORDER IN JUST A FEW MINUTES.

File 01_INDIA4057

00:19:11:19-00:19:33:07

There are the mules and they also have guards. How much they bring in depends on the size of the backpack. A small one can carry a hundred thousand pills, a large one can carry two hundred thousand.

 3:13

DAY1/FS7/CARD1

01_INDIA4126-39

45, 52, 53

 

BUT BACKPACKS ARE JUST ONE WAY TO TRAFFICK METH.

 3:17

01_INDIA4126-39

45, 52, 53

Soldiers walk out of jungle

AND A STAGGERING AMOUNT IS COMING IN - AUTHORITIES ESTIMATE THEY ARE ONLY CATCHING ABOUT TWENTY PERCENT OF IT.

3:25

 

File 01_INDIA4057

00:11:52:00

COL: Just in this province alone, this year, we’ve already seized 57 million pills this year.

00:11:32:11

COL: In the past three months we have already seized 60% of the entire amount we seized last year.

 3:38

 

MUSIC:

ANW2866_58_Lurking-Danger-2.wav

ANW2866_59_Lurking-Danger-3.wav

3:39

DAY1/FS7

01_INDIA4159-4199

DAY3/A7S/

C008-22

Check point searches 

ANOTHER WAY THEY TRY TO STOP THE FLOW OF DRUGS IS AT CHECKPOINTS ALONG THESE BORDER PROVINCES.

THAI MILITARY AND POLICE SEARCH BUSES AND TRUCKS WHERE LARGE STASHES COULD BE HIDDEN.

THE CHECKPOINTS ARE DESIGNED TO CATCH TRAFFICKERS BY SURPRISE.

AND TODAY THE AUTHORITIES HAVE HAD A BIG WIN.

4:02

DAY2/FS7

01_INDIA4311

 

 

Military general arrives in armored vehicle to do press conference.

 

 

 

01_INDIA4313/

03:29:40:10

Pailin looks at the meth

 

THIS IS WHAT 300 KILOGRAMS OF CRYSTAL METH LOOKS LIKE. SOLDIERS CARRY OUT BUNDLE AFTER BUNDLE FOR THE CAMERAS.

KNOWN ON THE STREETS AS ICE.. THIS HIGH PURITY FORM OF THE DRUG IS THE MOST EXPENSIVE KIND.

IF IT REACHED AUSTRALIA, THESE DRUGS  WOULD BE WORTH 180 MILLION DOLLARS.

Day2/FS7/

01_INDIA4311

03:23:26:14

This vehicle here came close to the checkpoint at Baan Nam Jam but suspiciously tried to turn around. Authorities pursued as he tried to flee. But he couldn’t keep on the road and flipped.

03:23:53:06

Authorities searched the vehicle and found twelve sacks of crystal meth.

03:24:01:24

Altogether 300 kilograms.

03:24:07:15

03:25:16:02

PW: Is this bust considered a big one for you?

03:25:20:19

General: It is huge. Very big.

03:25:22:04

5:04

01_INDIA4313/

03:31:53:05

Manit talking to reporters

01_INDIA4320

More Manit talking to reporters

03:38:42:08

 

Pailin’s walk and talk with Manit at the bust in English.

MANIT KOMES IS WITH THAILAND’S NARCOTICS CONTROL BOARD. HE TRACKS THE PATTERNS OF TRAFFICKING.

HE SAYS IN MORE THAN THIRTY YEARS ON THE JOB, HE’S NEVER SEEN A TIME WHEN SO MUCH CRYSTAL METH BEING SEIZED… THIS YEAR THERE HAS BEEN, ON AVERAGE, A BUST EVERY WEEK. 

(Eng)

01_INDIA4279.MXF

02:59:15:00

This is the fourth month of the fiscal year. Until now if you include this it’s two thousand, two hundred kilograms.

PW: Just in the past four months

Manit: Yes, just four months.

PW: How does that compare to last year? Is it an increase or a decl...

Manit: It’s an increase.

PW: By a lot?

Manit: Triple.

PW: Wow.

03:00:42:23 OR

PW: So for the producers is that a big hit for them?

Manit: Yes, of course they lose a lot of money. But now they try to get more and more. That’s why they try to push more and more. If they lose ten, they will bring twenty.

01_INDIA4285.MXF -- Pailin noddies

 

TRANSITION TO DEALER

MUSIC

ANW2512_06_Night-Strider.wav

 

 6:05

 

Van parking and dealer walking.

DAY3/A7S

C0028-32.MP4

C0080-92.MP4

 

 

 

FOR FIVE YEARS, HE SOLD THOUSANDS OF THESE RED PILLS A DAY. THEY’RE KNOWN LOCALLY AS YABA.

 

 

 

 

 

Day3/A7/C0066, 62

Showing the photo of the pills.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Day3/A7/C0068-79

Cutaways of van mirrors view etc.

THE DRUGS THAT DO MAKE IT ACROSS THE BORDER GET DISTRIBUTED AMONG DEALERS.

THE TRADE IS SO LUCRATIVE, IT OUTWEIGHS THE THREAT OF LIFE SENTENCES.

THIS FORMER DEALER AGREED TO MEET WITH US IF WE DISGUISE HIS VOICE AND APPEARANCE.

DAY3/A7S/C0036

03:17:15:05-03:17:23:02

I would buy the pills at (2 dollars 50) and then I sell for  (nearly 4 dollars).

FOR FIVE YEARS, HE SOLD THOUSANDS OF THESE RED PILLS A DAY. THEY’RE KNOWN LOCALLY AS YABA.

03:56:35:19

WY…. interesting.

Day3/A7/File C0039

03:32:33:01-03:32:56:11

They delivered the drugs to me in backpacks. At first they gave me small bags of two hundred pills. Then it was two thousand pills a bag and then four thousand and then up to ten thousand.

03:33:08:00-03:33:15:06

How long does it take to sell? It doesn’t take long to sell. Just a day.

HIS PROFIT ON TEN THOUSAND PILLS COULD BE AS MUCH AS THIRTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS.

Day3/A7/C0052

03:50:28:13-03:50:39:18

PW: (eng) Did you ever think what you were doing was hurting other people and if you did, why did you continue?

Day3/A7/File C0037

03:27:34:09-03:27:47:11

At first I thought this was wrong. But after a while, I was making money. So I didn’t think too hard about it.

 

 

MUSIC

ANW2037_01_Incendiaries.wav

7:34

GVs/CrowdsTL

V1-0001_PANA0000.mov, V1-0002_PANA0000.mov

GVs/Construction TL

GVs/Traffic TL

GVs/Bar scene/PANA0000 - Copy.mov

Non timelapses:

GVs/Traffic

GVs/Construction

Night life

DAY6&7/A7S/C001-C0042

THE DEMAND FOR METH ACROSS ASIA HAS NEVER BEEN HIGHER.

GROWING ECONOMIES ARE BEING FUELED BY WORKERS, GRINDING AWAY AT MENIAL JOBS. 

MANY LABORERS USE YABA- WHICH MEANS “CRAZY MEDICINE” TO HELP THEM WORK LONG HOURS...

...WHILE THOSE WHO CAN AFFORD IT USE THE PRICIER CRYSTAL METH OR ICE, TO PARTY HARD.

7:58

Archive

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9mByfFza5M

 

Archive

7ชั่วโมงสยบคลั่งเมายา  .mp4

Vision of a man high and belligerent for seven hours.

** have rights to this one

STORIES ABOUT METH ADDICTION ARE REGULARLY IN THE NEWS.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F9mByfFza5M

Anchor:

0:00

Let’s talk about crazy people. If they were just ill, we wouldn’t present it as news. But if they are crazy from drugs... There’s a man in Chiang Mai, so high from drugs, he started throwing the pills everywhere, giving it away to others.

0:19

 8:29

 -

BUT THE MAJORITY OF USERS ARE EVERYDAY PEOPLE.

 

 

MUSIC

Puzzle Box 2 1648/70

 

Tip smoking yaba

Day3/FS7/Card1

 

01_INDIA4370-83

 

TIP IS A SINGLE MOTHER WHO WORKS SEVERAL JOBS TO SUPPORT HER TWO CHILDREN, WHO LIVE WITH HER PARENTS.

SHE SAYS SHE REGULARLY USES YABA - A STIMULATING COMBINATION OF METHAMPHETAMINE AND CAFFEINE - TO HELP HER CONCENTRATE AT WORK.

8:53

 

Day3/FS7/Card1 File 01_INDIA4364

04:01:06:24-04:01:25:06

It’s like — I become super focused on what’s in front of me. I stay on task. Like, if I’m doing a jigsaw puzzle, I’ll just do that until it’s totally done. Day or night — I’ll just sit there and do it.

9:06

Tip smoking yaba

 

Day3/FS7/Card1

01_INDIA4370-83

Day3/A7S/C0023-25

Tip in van

 

 

Tip getting off van

01_INDIA4406-08

 

Tip walking around

Day3/A7S/C0002-3

 

 

01_INDIA4384-4404

Tip in park

AND YABA IS EASY TO GET.

Day3/FS7/Card1

 

01_INDIA4364

04:09:02:13-04:09:20:11

Before, I’d have to go to the dealer twice. First to place my order and pay. Then I’d have to wait hours, if not days, to go pick it up. Now I can pick it up right away.

EACH PILL COSTS THREE DOLLARS. TIP SAYS MANY PEOPLE SHE KNOWS HAVE BECOME USERS.

IN SOME CASES, USERS CAN WORK IN EXCHANGE FOR THEIR PILLS.

04:11:10:01-04:11:15:01

Some people just work it off by doing manual labor. They don’t have to pay for it.

TIP USES ALMOST EVERY DAY BUT DENIES SHE’S AN ADDICT.  

04:16:13:04-04:16:21:03

Even though I use, I never let my kids see it. Never let them have it. They’ve never even seen it.

 10:00

 

MUSIC

ANW1654_08_Sinister-Act.wav

10:01

Animated graphic (WILL HAVE DRAFT BY 8TH MARCH)

Draft

https://app.frame.io/presentations/c89070ac-ea67-44b7-b09b-6cda7c3952c2

IN MYANMAR, METH PRODUCTION IS CHEAP, QUICK AND LARGE SCALE - ESTIMATES VARY BETWEEN 2 AND 6 BILLION PILLS A YEAR.

THAT’S MORE THAN THE NUMBER OF COFFEES STARBUCKS SERVES WORLDWIDE.

10:14

Animated graphic

Showing Shan state- China- Thailand

draft

https://app.frame.io/presentations/c89070ac-ea67-44b7-b09b-6cda7c3952c2

MOST OF IT IS MADE IN SHAN STATE, WHICH HAS READY ACCESS TO PRECURSOR CHEMICALS FROM CHINA.

IT ALSO HAS ROADS LEADING INTO THAILAND, WHERE THE FINISHED PRODUCT IS THEN TRAFFICKED TO OTHER COUNTRIES.  

 

10:29

 

MUSIC

ANW1879_02_Mirror-Image.wav

10:31

 

Archive of fighting and peace negotiations

Aptn-myanmar-shan-170216

At 1:11

And

RC-MYN-Ethnic

SHAN STATE HAS BECOME AN IDEAL HIDING PLACE FOR METH LABS THANKS TO DECADES OF CIVIL WARS.

VAST AREAS OF THE STATE ARE STILL CONTROLLED BY ARMED GROUPS - BOTH REBELS AND GOVERNMENT FORCES.

 

THE DRUG TRADE IS A HUGE MONEY-MAKER

FOR ALL SIDES.

10:56

 

Archive

Wa state army marching and chanting

RC-MYN-Ethnic

DAY0

804_0031-41

THE MOST POWERFUL OF THE REBEL GROUPS IS THE UNITED WA STATE ARMY.

THEY USED TO BE FAMOUS FOR THEIR HEROIN SMUGGLING, AUTHORITIES IN MYANMAR AND THAILAND THINK THEY’RE NOW IN THE METH BUSINESS.

NOTORIOUSLY SECRETIVE, JOURNALISTS ARE RARELY GIVEN ACCESS BUT THEY HAVE RECENTLY APPOINTED A SPOKESPERSON WHO AGREES TO TALK BY PHONE.

 11:20

Day0

804_0023

804_0023

01:05:14:01-01:05:45:22

PW: Hi. My Name is Pailin Wedel. I’m a reporter from Aljazeera. Do you have time to answer a couple of questions?

NYI RANG: Yeah sure. Go ahead

HE’S SURPRISINGLY UPFRONT ABOUT DRUGS BEING PRODUCED IN WA TERRITORY..BUT INSISTS IT’S ALL IN THE PAST.

01:09:36:00  NYI RANG: in the past, there have been some unscrupulous groups and individuals operating meth labs out of our reach in corners of our territories. And we have since captured them.

01:09:17:04 PAILIN: Do you think there are any labs in your territory right now?

01:12:56:00 NYI RANG: Drugs are an enemy to the whole world 01:12:29:10

01:10:30:04 Just because it crossed through our territory, doesn’t mean it was from us. 01:10:34:17

 

 

MUSIC

ANW2874_02_Cygnus.wav  

12:06

Archive

SEQUENCE 1  (15 secs)

 

RC-THA-MYN-Burn

ALL THE ARMED GROUPS IN MYANMAR MAKE A BIG SHOW OF THEIR ANTI DRUG EFFORTS WITH SPORADIC RAIDS AND TELEVISED DRUG BURNINGS.

THEIR TRUE INVOLVEMENT IN THE METH TRADE IS DIFFICULT TO PROVE.

THE ONLY ONE ALLOWING US TO SEE FOR OURSELVES IS THE SHAN STATE ARMY SOUTH.

 

 

MUSIC Roll Them 2452/1

 

 

Upsot : Ceremony, Marching bands etc

12:32

Start with

 

DRONE PARADE/DCIM/100MEDIA/DJI_003

 

DRONE PARADE/DCIM/100MEDIA

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD2

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5487-90

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD2/01_INDIA5576

-       PAILIN IN CROWDS

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5462-75

 

Foreign dignitaries with their name plates indicating their countries.

IT IS SHAN STATE DAY A CELEBRATION OF RESISTANCE AGAINST THE MYANMAR MILITARY.

 

 

12:46

Yawd Serk Speech

 

SOUND UP

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD200_INDIA5550

 

20:14:04:16- 20:14:12:23

Dear brothers and sisters and respected guests.

00:00:09:12

 

YAWD SERK IS THE DE FACTO LEADER OF THIS TERRITORY.

 

20:15:00:15-20:15:06:15

It is our 72nd anniversary as a nation.

13:05

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD1 and CARD2

 

Vision of soldiers parading on national day and crowds in their traditional garb.

 

DAY10&11/FS7/CARD2/01_INDIA5524, 5556

-outfits

AS HIS ARMY SHOWS OFF ITS FIGHTING SKILLS SHAN PEOPLE FROM ACROSS THE STATE PARADE THEIR BEST OUTFITS.

IT’S AN EXPENSIVE AFFAIR FOR AN ARMY STILL FIGHTING A CIVIL WAR.

 

 

Sound up

13:25

DAY6&7/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5004-5008

 

DAY6&7/FS7/CARD2/

01_INDIA5010-14

Yawd Serk chatting with teens in ethnic garb.

 

YAWD SERK AND HIS SOLDIERS ARE CONSIDERED REBELS BY MANY IN  MYANMAR BUT HERE, HE IS LOVED.

 

AND WHAT HE SAYS IS OBEYED.

 

13:37

 

DAY6&7/FS7/CARD2/

01_INDIA5027-31

 

YS toasting whiskey with other commanders.

 

 

NO STRANGER TO THE DRUG TRADE,

HE ONCE FOUGHT ALONGSIDE THE INFAMOUS DRUG KINGPIN KHUN SA WHO WAS KNOWN FOR TRAFFICKING HEROIN WORLDWIDE.

BUT THESE DAYS HE SAYS THE TERRITORY HE CONTROLS IS DRUG FREE .

13:54

 

DRONE PARADE/DCIM2

 

Drone shots of military marching

 

DAY8/CARD1/01_INDIA5032-69

 

 YS speech

Yawd Serk’s speech

DAY8/CARD1/01_INDIA5043

13:17:26:17-13:17:59:19

About the drug problem. We have policies to clean up drugs. I don’t want drugs to be a problem here. Whether it is a user or a dealer, we have to be vigilant. If I find out that you are secretly using or selling drugs in this area. You will be executed.

14:16

 

MUSIC

ANW1177_24_Street-Patrol-4-(60).wav

 

14:17

Jai Gor in military marches

 

01_INDIA5092-93

 

01_INDIA5096-99

 

01_INDIA5115-57

 

01_INDIA5126-27- cool dusty shots of military drills

THIS POLICY MIGHT SOUND HARSH BUT IT HAS POPULAR SUPPORT.

01_INDIA5072

13:50:09:13-13:50:33:17 Jai Gor

We the Shan people, children and adults, don’t want addicts here. If the Shan State Army South can clean out all the drugs, we- young and old, men and women all agree with this policy.

JAI GOR IS A FORMER YABA ADDICT WHO JOINED THE ARMY TO GET CLEAN.

01_INDIA5072

13:43:08:14-13:43:19:12

I would take ten pills a day and 3-4 pills at a time.

13:47:10:04-13:47:25:10

When I went to work, I secretly took the pills without my family knowing. When they found out, we fought a lot. They were disgusted with me.

HE USED TO LIVE IN AN AREA RULED BY A PATCHWORK OF MILITIAS.

THERE, DEALERS WERE EASY TO FIND.

13:40:21:13-13:40:37:15

When I bought it, I bought it from a policeman. People told me he was both a dealer and police. He was part of a militia group and not afraid of anything.

JAI GOR SAYS DRUGS ARE SO ENMESHED WITH AUTHORITY, ONLY TOUGH POLICIES LIKE YAWD SERK’S DEATH THREATS CAN STOP IT.

 

 

Sound up from military marching.

15:48

DAY6&7/A7S/

Tight shot of interview

C0060-61

DAY6&7/FS7/CARD1/File 01_INDIA4975

12:03:58:23 -12:04:17:10

12:03:58:23 The world says drugs are a big problem, that the ethnic armed groups get their money from drugs. But it’s not true.12:04:12:21 We are eradicating drugs. We are not getting money from drugs at all. 12:04:17:10

BUT REPORTS SUGGEST SOME ARMED GROUPS IN MYANMAR EARN MONEY BY PROVIDING SAFE PASSAGE FOR THE TRAFFICKERS. I ASK HIM IF IT’S TRUE.

16:15

 

File 01_INDIA4975

12:04:38:10-12:04:40:05

YS: No. If they pass, we arrest them.

12:14:39:22-12:14:56:00

File 01_INDIA4982 12:32:24:03

PW: What is source of income if not drugs?

File 01_INDIA4975

12:04:17:11-12:04:27:13

We do tax everything 12:04:19:00 not related to drugs.12:04:21:17 timber, gems, cattle  buffalo. We get plenty of money  from that. 12:04:27:14

 

MUSIC

ANW3047_25_Sword-Fight-3.wav

File 01_INDIA4983 12:33:00:15

 

16:33

 

If we are involved with drugs, our nation wouldn’t progress. 12:14:44:06 The international community wouldn’t have accepted us.12:14:48:13 Because it is immoral. That’s why I’ve decided against drugs.12:14:56:00 

File 01_INDIA4975

12:18:58:06-12:19:06:10

If we see a meth lab, we shoot it up. No conversation. We get rid of them.

 

16:54

 

MUSIC

Wooden Hoops 2723/8

or looping first bit of Neutral 2274/6

16:54

 

BUT THOSE WHO HAVE WORKED IN ANTI-NARCOTICS HERE ARE MORE SKEPTICAL.

JOHN WHALEN IS A RETIRED UNITED STATES DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENT. HE WORKED WITH THE DEA INSIDE MYANMAR FOR TWENTY-FIVE YEARS.


DAY0/20181212-AJE-YGN/CAM B/C0005
00:41:37:13-00:41:46:08
PW: So the Shan State Army South told me they are serious about eradicating drugs in their territory. How serious can we take them?

DAY0/20181212-AJE-YGN/CAM A/804_0009
00:43:24:09-00:43:57:04
JW: I mean personally I wouldn't take them very seriously they’ve said that for years they'll put on shows to the west more or less to say that they're serious about it. But they still benefit from the trade. // They have to // fund their army. //

WHALEN SAYS THERE’S JUST TOO MUCH MONEY TO BE MADE

 

[00:00:45] They still have to fund not just their army they fund and fuel and equip their army but also they have to ... supposedly their population lack of a better description that they're following. They have to pay them somehow // feed them somehow. // It’s too much //  financial benefit for them to be out of the trade.

 

 

 

MUSIC

ANW2621_01_Altered-Genetics.wav

 

17:42

DAY8/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5136-55

YAWD SERK DENIES ANY INVOLVEMENT AND ORDERS HIS RIGHT HAND MAN TO TAKE US ON A PATROL TO PROVE IT. 

MAJOR HONG KHAM LEADS US TO AN AREA WHERE HE SAYS THEY HAVE DESTROYED METHAMPHETAMINE LABS.

17:56

DAY8/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5136-55

 

DAY8/A7S/C0027-42

DAY8/A7S/

C0033 (eng)

HK: ...We make sure that there are no drug traffickers smuggling into our area. That’s why we’re patrolling.

18:03

DAY8/FS7/CARD1/01_INDIA5136-55

HE BRINGS ME TO A BASE ON THEIR BORDER.

 

Pailin and Hong Kham talking at a base with a beautiful view

DAY8/A7S/CARD1/01_INDIA5158

HK: On the Shan-Thai border, there were more than 20 meth laboratories. And we were able to raid 9 meth labs.

 

PW: What about the other eleven?

 

I’m not sure what to say.. It’s in the Burmese-controlled area-- not in our control area.

 

 

18:35

YAWD SERK

01_INDIA4975

 

12:21:58:23-12:22:18:13

Everyone knows who’s producing the drugs. It’s in the news. The DEA knows, the Thai Narcotics Police in Thailand knows, Myanmar government knows. So why isn’t anyone destroying those labs? That’s what I’d like to know.

 

YAWD SERK POINTS THE FINGER FIRMLY AT GROUPS ALIGNED WITH THE MYANMAR MILITARY.

 

YAWD SERK

11:59:33:00-11:59:47:16

I think the biggest producer are the Pro-government Militias allied with the Myanmar’s own army. They make the most because they can operate in many areas.

19:11

 

MUSIC

ANW2755_75_Trompong-Darkness-5-(60).wav

19:12

Animated graphic

Day0/AJE-YGN/private/M4Root/CLIP_007-32

Copy of constitution

01_INDIA5595-6

https://app.frame.io/presentations/c89070ac-ea67-44b7-b09b-6cda7c3952c2

FOR DECADES, THE MYANMAR MILITARY STRUCK CEASEFIRE DEALS WITH REBELS AND TURNED THEM INTO PRO-GOVERNMENT MILITIAS BY GIVING THEM MORE AUTONOMY AND TURNING A BLIND EYE TO THEIR ILLICIT ACTIVITIES.

 

 

 

19:27

Animations- Location of lab on map and photos of bust with equipment and the stamp.

 

Myanmar Ministry of Information

 

 

 

A RECENT RAID IN PRO-GOVERNMENT MILITIA TERRITORY UNCOVERED TWO METH LABS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING TEN TONNES OF METH.

 

AMONG THE SEVEN MILLION DOLLARS OF LAB EQUIPMENT- THEY FOUND A PILL STAMP WITH THE INFAMOUS WY- THE SAME AS THE PILLS THE DEALER WE MET WAS SELLING.

 

 

 

GVs of Thailand

MUSIC

Nuance 4 3143/93

19:48

DAY 13/CARD1/01_INDIA5661-5664

GVs in Thailand

DAY 13/CARD3/01_INDIA5758-62

 

BACK IN THAILAND, I TRACK DOWN JAPHET JAGUI.

 

FROM THE LAHU ETHNIC GROUP, HE LED A MILITIA ALIGNED WITH THE GOVERNMENT. NOW HE LIVES IN EXILE.

HE SAYS FIGHTING ALONGSIDE THE MYANMAR MILITARY COST HIM HIS LEG.

20:08

DAY 13/CARD1/01_INDIA5706-5710

DAY 13/CARD1/01_INDIA5711-18

Pailin talking to Japhet and looking at his report

 

HE SAYS HE WAS NEVER INVOLVED IN MAKING DRUGS, BUT ADMITS TAX FROM DRUG TRAFFICKING WAS A SOURCE OF INCOME FOR HIS PEOPLE.

20:16

Japhet getting in the car then working  working in his garden

DAY 13/CARD3/01_INDIA5722-57

 

IN HIS DAY, THE DRUG BEING TRAFFICKED WAS HEROIN.

 

01_INDIA5684

23:28:38:10-23:28:49:11

 

There are rules about how much and where you have to pay. 23:28:43:04 Whenever they cross into our territory, they need to pay. 23:28:49:11

 

 

 

MUSIC

ANW3161_03_Our-Time-Is-Up.wav

20:32

DAY 13/CARD3/01_INDIA5722-5

 

MORE THAN TWENTY YEARS LATER HE SAYS THE METH BUSINESS OPERATES THE SAME WAY.

 

AT GREAT RISK, HE OFFERS TO TAKE US TO MEET A CURRENT MILITIA LEADER - IN PRO-GOVERNMENT MILITIA TERRITORY.

 

 

20:48

Tachilek GVS

DAY14/CAM A/JF2A9406, JF2A9392.MOV

DAY14/CAM B

D_020035-47

DAY14/OSMO

Pailin crossing the border through immigration

DAY15/CAMB/ROLL1

D_020003

D_020004

WE AGREE TO MEET AT A BORDER TOWN CALLED TACHILEK. THAI AUTHORITIES CALL IT THE HUB OF METH TRAFFICKING.



21:00

Pailin walking across border, past immigration and checkpoint.

DAY15/CAMB/ROLL1/D_020007.MOV

1:06

PTC

We’re now officially in Tachilek, Myanmar.

21:05

DAY15/CAM A

JF2A9412.MOV

Now we are shooting with 5D markiii because we had to pretend to be tourists. So it will be clip timecodes.

These back of the van conversations are in Eng.

IT’S A DANGEROUS TWO HOUR JOURNEY FOR JAPHET. HE’S MADE A LOT OF ENEMIES HERE.

 

JF2A9415.MOV

PW: are we now in paramilitary areas?

J: Yes yes. You look at… the main road. This part is Akha, this part is Lahu.

PW: So Akha militia and Lahu militia.

 

HE SAYS MANY OF THE MILITIAS HERE ARE INVOLVED IN TRAFFICKING.

 

PW: So where we just past we paid tax was to the drug lord.

21:45

 

MUSIC

ANW3024_18_Hiding-In-Shadows-2.wav

21:45

 

WE PASS THROUGH MORE THAN FOUR PRO-GOVERNMENT MILITIA TERRITORIES.

 

IT’S NOT SAFE FOR US MAKE TOO MANY STOPS.

 

JAPHET SAYS THE NEW ROADS HAVE ACCELERATED THE METH TRADE.

 

JF2A9420.MOV

 

Clip timecode: 00:00:06

J: Only a few pass through the mountains with drugs, methamphetamines now. Most past through the roads.

 

PW: They use the main roads now.

 

METH LABS HAVE BEEN DISCOVERED JUST A FEW KILOMETERS OFF THIS HIGHWAY.

 

BUT THIS IS AS CLOSE AS WE CAN GET WITHOUT RISKING OUR SAFETY.

 

22:16

 

DAY 13/CARD1/

01_INDIA5685

 

23:42:52:16-23:43:23:17

 The guards switch out in shifts. Anyone who doesn't have clearance to get close to the factory, even if they are part of the pro-government militia, the security will shoot them down.

 

22:31

 

WE ARRIVE AT A VILLAGE RUN BY THE PRO-GOVERNMENT MILITIA.

 

JAPHET WARNS US NOT TO ASK TOO MANY QUESTIONS.

 

LIKE JAPHET, THIS LEADER SAYS HIS VILLAGE WOULD NOT SURVIVE WITHOUT ALLYING WITH THE GOVERNMENT.

 

22:36

 

 

TEMP MUSIC

ANW1432_04_Covert-Surveillance.wav

22:46

 

CAM A JF2A9442.MOV

CAM B D_020077.MOV

*timecode is for CAM A

**CANNOT SHOW FACE OF MILITIA LEADER OR ANYONE THAT’S NOT ME OR JAPHET.

 

[09:43] When we weren’t a pro-government militia, the Myanmar military would harass us. We would get blamed for everything. But being a people’s militia means we are now part of them.

 

THE HARASSMENT MAY HAVE STOPPED BUT THE VILLAGE STILL HAS TO FIND A WAY TO EARN MONEY.

 

[06:35] The government doesn’t help us with anything.  [06:37]We pay for things ourselves. [06:41]We’re working as volunteers. [06:43]We are volunteers [06:48] to improve the lives of our friends and family in the village. We can’t just wait for help. [07:08]

 

I BROACH THE SENSITIVE TOPIC OF METHAMPHETAMINES.

 

JF2A9442.MOV

3:20

PW: How are they getting the drugs?

 

JF2A9442

[03:30] It doesn’t grow on trees so it’s not like I can look for the tree it grows on. I don’t know where it all comes from.

 

JAPHET MAKES LIGHT OF A TENSE SITUATION.. AND IT’S TIME TO LEAVE.

23:40

Japhet back in the van talking with Pailin.

Bring this grab / Vo back in

 

BACK IN THE VAN, JAPHET INSISTS THAT PROVIDING SAFE PASSAGE FOR DRUG TRAFFICKERS IS ONE WAY FOR THESE POORER ETHNIC GROUPS TO SURVIVE.

 

 

D_020001.MOV

 

Japhet:

If a drug gang is trafficking, they give tax. They have to give tax. But if you help them… [keep] guard, you get much more money.

     

23:58

 

MUSIC

ANW3105_44_Night-Theme-6.wav

24:04

Back to interview shot.

 

BUT FOR JAPHET, THE REAL CULPRIT IS THE MYANMAR MILITARY.

 

DAY13/CARD1/01_INDIA5690

 

00:20:19:09-00:20:31:21

In short, as long as the Myanmar military regime exists, drugs will continue to exist.

00:18:03:11-00:18:40:09

So from generation to generation, for fugitive drug kingpins, Myanmar has been the only place where they have found safe haven. The only place they can hide. =.

24:32

DAY0/20181212-AJE0YGN/CAM B/C0008-C0032

Pailin in Yangon

101 EAST MADE MULTIPLE ATTEMPTS TO CONTACT MYANMAR’S DRUG ENFORCEMENT DIVISION BUT RECEIVED NO REPLY.

24:40

   

IN THE CAPITAL YANGON, JOHN WHALEN AGREES IT'S LIKELY MILITARY OFFICERS TURN A BLIND EYE TO THE METH TRADE BUT DOUBTS THEY ARE MANUFACTURERS.

 

DAY0/20181212-AJE-YGN/CAM A/8004_0013-0017

 

This John Whalen interview is shot by a local camera crew-- it is a two camera interview. The timecodes will be from their cameras not Gurmeet’s.

 804_0010

 

00:51:49:10-00:52:17:00

There's certain tacit approvals. . I mean to say that is that is the military directly involved and there's always the question you get Is the military directly involved in the meth trade? Unlikely. Are they allowing it to occur in their areas of operation. Yeah they are.

25:02

John Whalen

IT’S A DEADLY CYCLE,

DRUGS FUND THE WARS AND THE WARS PROVIDES THE PERFECT CAMOUFLAGE TO KEEP THE DRUGS FLOWING.

 

804_007

00:16:44:23-00:17:21:12

 It's a difficult question to [00:14:09] answer. I mean the narcotics trade the meth trade certainly fuels the conflict and you know the proceeds from the narcotics trade are used to fund militia groups. whether it be the K.I.A or whether it be the Wa, it doesn't really matter. The proceeds from the narcotics trade are used to fund these groups providing weapons providing food paid to soldiers and so forth. So that's certainly not helpful to the peace process.

25:29

 

MUSIC

Wavefronts 3 2717/53

25:33

 

MYANMAR’S CIVIL WARS, LAWLESSNESS AND CORRUPTION HAVE CREATED THE WORLD’S BIGGEST METH PROBLEM.

FROM LITTLE RED PILLS, TO TONS OF CRYSTAL METH….

… THERE ARE INCREDIBLE PROFITS TO BE MADE BECAUSE OF THE UNRELENTING DEMAND.

AND WHERE THERE’S DEMAND, THERE WILL ALWAYS BE SUPPLY.

 

 

END MUSIC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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