Landscape - fields in foreground, small village in background
Oh, what a lovely summer
Oh what a long, long strike
But if we have to go through it all again
We would still stand up and fight
Convoys of coal going from Orgreave
Men standing side by side
Women serving the soup for them
Watching lories of coal go by
Rows and rows of men in blue
Horses, dogs and truncheons too
Hitting miners, they didn't care who
How can we forget that sad, sad time
Dads, sons and brothers
Who were on that picket line
Colliery, with smoke and fire belching out of chimneys
Men came from Durham
From Scotland and Wales too
Just striking for their pits
To go back to
Shots of mining town
Memory will erase many things
As time goes by
But in our hearts
What happened in Orgreave that day
Will never die
I'm proud I married a miner
I'm proud they're friends of mine
You see I know a host of them
They were on the picket line
Archive newspaper article
Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, Friday December 15, 1893.
The trial of the men accused of participating in the South Yorkshire colliery riot after dragging wearily for some days reached its closing stages today. On his Lordship taking his seat soon after ten o'clock, Mr Barker said the Prosecution had decided to withdraw all charges against Guest, Reeve, Rimmington, Perry, Parkin, Sidebottom and Crane. Four of them were very young and the others had good character. The evidence of alibis seemed tolerably conclusive. The jury then returned a verdict of Not Guilty in regard to these men on both counts.
People waiting outside a court; men coming out waving triumphantly; clapping
Newspaper headline: Pickets cleared of Orgreave rioting
Man being interviewed
We haven't been defeated. We're not defeated. We've been found Not Guilty on the trumped up charges. Everybody knows it were trumped up. Right from day one and that's it.
Caption: Eric Newbiggin Defendant
These photographs here were taken in the end of the day and this is what happened to me. This is the riot charge. That's the state I'm in. it shouldn't have been me who was charged with the riot.
Pointing to person in photo
It should have been him there .. and him there. They should have been charged for the riot not me. That's the kind of mess they left me in and then they gave us a trumped up charge of riot that could have brought life imprisonment
Caption: Ernie Barber Defendant
Those who know us know that we didn't do the things they said we'd done. They're the people that did the belting with the sticks, the truncheons, kicking women throughout the miners' strike and all the rest of it. This is just one aspect of the miners' strike. What they've done throughout the miners' strike, if nothing, it's unbelievable. People don't want to listen to it. The BBC give you pickets, violence and all that rubbish. They don't see the police charging through the street stopping you going out your own door. And it's time somebody took note of what happened.
Lorry driving down dual carriageway
Caption: Extracts from Prosecutor's opening speech Orgreave riot trial
Members of the jury, on the 18th of June they came from Scotland, South Wales, Derbyshire and County Durham in fleets of coaches. Their aim was force and violence. No miner on the 18th could be ignorant of the situation. He would have to have been as naïve as a babe in arms. No miner could have said that he went to Orgreave not intending any violence. They did. The rule of the mob prevailed. Where was this happening? In some foreign land? In South America? It happened on a 15p bus ride from this court in Orgreave.
Lorry driving into colliery
Of the lads that came on that day, they came from South Wales, they came from all over ...
Camera sweeps around colliery town
They didn't know Orgreave from Blackpool Pier if you like to put it that way. And when they came along they came with all good intentions to put a show, to be there in enough numbers to just literally block the road. And it were as peaceful as that.
Road sign - "Orgreave"
Footage - man walking to work, truck driving into colliery, loading and driving out
Caption: Michael Wilson Defendant
I was standing here talking to me mate about going to see a pigeon fancier on the allotments across the way, and at that particular moment I the ranks open up and there's about six policemen come out with riot shields.
B/W shot of police advancing
They dropped the riot shields on the road and started to run towards me. As they got about five six yards off me I realised that they were going to hit me so I turned and ran
Man demonstrates what he did
And I went down here and as I went down, there was thump, thumping sound on the side of me temple. I could feel blood running down here. The next minute they'd got me arms up me back, pulling me up, kicking me, kicking me in me legs and me thighs and that. Eventually they got me up after regaining consciousness and walked me through the police lines
B/W shot of man being marched off by police
Then you could see them banging, banging on their riot shields. That's all you could hear. And I thought to myself "You're not policemen. Policemen don't act like that, no way"
Woman being interviewed
Caption: Gareth Peirce Solicitor
The Prosecution arrests people, makes up statements that go along with them, dumps them in a bin, and doesn't really care at all until the trial comes up and they can see what they've got. Prime example of this, prime example - David Michael Wilson, dumped in a park - wrong place, wrong time, doesn't matter he's one of fifty five charged with riot. Worst public order offence in the history of this country. Therefore he is subject to all that fear, all that stress. First day of the trial, Prosecutor says "Ah mistake. Wilson - wrong man, wrong place, wrong time" don't even say sorry, don't even say sorry to Mr Wilson.
Police escorting miners into Orgreave
On the 18th of June the police actually escorted us into Orgreave that day. Which was strange because normally they'd stop us at the motorways or wherever.
At bottom is a command post and that's where the police planned all the military operations on th'day. Straight across from there's the main gate, coking plant where lorries used to go in with scab lorry drivers. We were rushing into this cornfield and that's where they made us stand, facing the thick blue line...
Amateur video of miners in field
.... Of police probably ten deep with big riot shields and things and they were there obviously to stop us getting down to speak to these lorry drivers at th'gate.
B/W photo - aerial view of miners and police
Plan of colliery
Dogs on th'right in the wood. They were only there for one reason - so we couldn't go that way
Up left there was a steep bank and there were dogs at th'bottom of there. Then you'd look behind you and once again there were horses, probably seven of them with police on them equipped in riot gear once again. You actually felt as if you were penned in totally. There was only one way out and that's up to the top of the village where there's a bridge
When we arrived, like early morning, police had been here quite jovial, messing, joking with th'lads but you could tell when the lorries were coming because the police lines backed up. They backed up with riot police with horses, with dogs. It was set up like a military campaign.
Footage showing miners and police with riot shields
Police tactics against pickets hadn't always been the way it were in Orgreave on 18 June. I remember in '74 it were nowt like that at all. We were allowed to speak to the people. Beginning of this strike we were. I mean we were successful in Notts. We actually closed 90% of Nott's coalfields in the first two days
Caption: Dave Smith
Twenty of us went to the gates, to the gates, and we successfully picketed Creswell out. No violence, no threat, just lads that were going into work stopped, spoke to us. We out forward our case to them and they accepted it, turned round and went home. And Creswell was successfully closed by twenty men, no problems at all.
Caption: Terry Dunn
That day not one man went to work, not one man passed us after listening to our reasoning. Day after that, the day after, obviously, same as Dave said, things had totally changed and there were no roadblocks.
B/W photo - roadblock
Well, I didn't believe in the strike for a start. You know, I believed it was too soon. They didn't give the lads enough time to prepare themselves. But when the pickets came from Yorkshire and I stood and talked to them and I believed what they said and I thought to myself "No way am I ever going to cross your lines" and I never did and I never will
Caption: Extracts from Prosecutor's opening speech Orgreave riot trial
On Monday 18th of June 1984 the occasion of the greatest violence inflicted by the pickets. These defendants committed the offence of riot. What is a riot? A riot is where three or more people gather together and they have in their minds a common purpose which they intend to achieve through force behaving in such a way as to terrorise someone of ordinary strength of character. Each of these defendants went to Orgreave that day with that common purpose in mind. They intended to achieve that aim by force, by sheer force of numbers, overwhelming numbers, by pushing, shoving and kicking. The cordon of police was there to keep the peace.
Archive newspaper article
Saturday September 9th 1893. The rioting in West Yorkshire
"Three men killed and ten injured" is in brief the result of Wednesday's rioting in the Home County. It remained for the authorities in the South Western division to teach the miners a lesson which they will not soon forget. Mob law has reigned for the past fortnight but the stringent measures which have now been adopted bid fair to nip in the bud any further outbreaks. Captain Barker ordered the front rank to kneel and four files to fire into the midst of the mob. The report of firearms was followed by cries and groans, and ten or a dozen were seen to drop.
Footage - lorries laden with coal moving about
The law of this country allows people to go about their lawful affairs unimpeded. That is our democratic system. If we want to change the law we use parliamentary democracy. We do not use force. At Orgreave, there were people employed who had a job to do and wanted to do it and they were entitled to do it.
People at work in colliery
You may wish to persuade them, to speak to them but you are not entitled to use force. Otherwise we are therefore back to the rule of the bully boy.
We weren't involved in any confrontation with miners themselves. We were all right come through to work and we didn't get the muscle.
But when the convoy came in, we came to the gates and, picket like, then mixed with pickets over here, we didn't leave the premises and then when th'convoy went away, so did the miners, and so did we.
The Scunthorpe one took the decision to close the plant but at the same time we wanted to give some kind of support and sympathy to the miners which resulted in the lads coming out and making a protest that way.
Footage - men walking away
Media and police would have people believe that miners were rioting and throwing masses of bricks and lumps of concrete at police. It weren't like that in the slightest. I were there and only incident to me that occurred were the ritual push. It were the push between pickets and police and it happened on every picket line. The only people that rioted that day were the police. They went berserk..
Footage - police pushing ahead
If there were anybody who rioted that day, it certainly wasn't us. Anybody was out of hand that day; it wasn't us, when they send horses charging at innocent lads running off not even in shirtsleeves, only got a T-shirt or just jeans. They hadn't come armed with knives, spears or things like that. They'd come purely to put a protest.
Blurred picture - riot shields
Anybody who happened to be in the vicinity was fair game to the police, whether they were hit by truncheons or trampled by a horse or bit by a dog. They were fair game
Caption: Extracts from Assistant Chief Constable Clements evidence
It's no exaggeration to say that the sky was black with missiles, bottles, heavy machinery, ball bearings. So I sent the horses in again.
Footage: horses moving in
They were told to advance in a walk and in a trot. I wouldn't have been worried in the slightest if people had been trampled. I could not be held responsible if miners were silly enough to have stayed there.
Footage: riot shields and mounted police
I ordered all the short shield units to draw their truncheons. I would imagine they weren't used on heads. I didn't tell them not to but it's a general instruction not to aim at the head. It isn't aimed at people running away
Riot footage: man being dragged away
Whistles, shouts and charges
Archive newspaper item
Friday 8 September 1893
At the Orgreave pit of Rothervale Colliery Company a crowd collected early in the morning, rumours having been circulated that the company were drawing coal from the pit. The authorities took very prompt action and in a short time armed fusiliers were on the premises
Archive B/W photo - soldiers in front of colliery
People lived in these cottages adjacent to the pit. Then when the soldiers came in, they came in to suppress the riot. They quickly turned them out and .....
B/W archive photo -miners in turf tents
They built sort of turf shelters in the nearby wood where they had to make whatever life they could for themselves during that dispute. If they felt they could have turned us out of our houses during our strike, they would have done and we would have been made to live like that if they could have carried it through
Archive photo - miners near slag heaps
Well, I don't think they'll ever get it back to what it was in the twenties and thirties because they're not going to stand for it any more.
In 1926 people were charged with rioting and all they were doing were actually they were fighting for their livelihood to stop the coal owners from reducing their wages and giving them longer hours. And that's what we're doing now, fighting for a chance to work and a chance to feed us families. The trouble is by shutting pits wholesale they're actually locking a national asset underground.
Landscape including colliery
Plans set for privatisation. In order to privatise they have to get shut of certain sectors of the coal industry. But they are classed as uneconomic.
I don't care what anybody says, there's no such thing as an uneconomic pit.
B/W photo - pit tunnel
You can take Coal Board's own figures because if they shut a pit, they've still got to pay subsidence money, they've still got to pay interest on loans to government, they've still got to pay redundancy, that's if they want us all on the dole.
Advertisements for miners
And then they've got to pay us dole money. And don't forget it's not just miners then. You're talking about a knock-on situation because for every hundred miners that lose a job there's eighty seven other people in other industries who lose their jobs. It's not really a big con because it don't save money to shut pits. It costs money.
Hit list of mines scrolling down, with total statistics for job losses at the end
It cannot be brought down to economics. You've got to look at the other side of it. We're talking about people. They've all got the right to live and the right to live decently. It's the social aspect totally that this government just ignores
They're caught and they have to do something about it. The only thing they have to do is to break up industries. They have to shrink them. They have to break up all the working class organisations in order to break the working class
The things that are different this time is that the working classes haven't been defeated not like 1926. It's is not a defeated working class. It's an undefeated working class. It's a strong working class and their major problem. They can't break it.
Posters advertising jobs for miners
This strike didn't just happen it were planned for as far back as 1978 when Tories commissioned a Tory Member of Parliament, Nicholas Ridley, to make the Ridley Report.
B/W photo - riot police marching miners away
It's never been publicised as it was the Tories' secret charter for privatisation. In the Ridley Report it stated that coal stocks must be built up, police riot units must be trained, scab lorry drivers must be recruited, or non trade union lorry drivers, whichever you want to say, and this came about in 1978
B/W photos - miners
You have to go back further than the Ridley Report. Tories in the seventies never believed they could use the state against trade unions and the working class.
B/W photo - Callahan cabinet meeting
In actual fact, Callahan's government showed the way. He used the troops against the Fire Brigade's Union to break their strike. He armed the police.
He said he‘d had confrontation when they used horses and truncheons and the rest of it. He learnt the lessons from that and Ridley Report came out when all were done, learning the lessons from the Labour government. So Labourites had actually shown the way to the Tories on the way they dealt with Trade Unions
Caption : Jimmy Rae
We were somewhat naïve. We'd sat back on our laurels from 1974. They were prepared. They practised. They practised in Ireland
B/W photo - inner city riots
They practised in Brixton and Toxteth. And when it were out turn, they'd perfected the techniques and they used them to great effect on us
B/W photo - policeman on horse wielding baton
Caption: Dr Nicholas Ralph
Well, I came to Orgreave because I'm a police watch observer, Sheffield police watch. We arrived there about ten fifteen and I don't think there were more than five or six hundred on the field as a whole from ten o'clock onwards. Maybe there was a bit more towards eleven but nothing substantial
Speaker showing photo
And as you can see, in the foreground it's typical of what was going on. There was a group of horses in the woods at the side there and it looked as though the police had had a plan and they basically executed that at eleven o'clock. They decided to clear the field. The cavalry came up the road and there was the advance of the foot police up behind them. Each time moving a bit more up the hill as the horses came up the hill and went back down again
Speaker pointing at figure
One of our police watch observers is, in fact, there. She's actually in the photograph, sitting on the wall
Footage - men fleeing
Live report from the scene
This is a second charge now and they've cleared the road and the riot police in their big lines of ..... ten lines ...... are moving up. They're now coming quite close to us here.... We're standing and we seem to be in the front line of this............. What are we doing here?
Caption: David Bell Defendant
I was running up. This is where me, and my friend helped me over the fence there, round here. And then all the coppers started running over there. Couple of them get their truncheons out, you know. Couple of them says "What're you doing here?" I says "I've got a sore leg." They just looked at me. As you can see it's still swollen now. They come over and just stood on it. Then they just walked away. I tugged me up. He says, you know, tells me to get lost. Two coppers come round to have my arms, say "You are a prisoner"
B/W photo - arrest
And that was it. They take me down to the ambulance. I get treated for that, a fractured leg
They just said "Get down, get down". They wanted all the pickets to go down this bank and he lunged at me with his truncheon when I seemed somewhat reticent to go down because it's bloody steep, anyway in the end I did. I headed down here. As I was going I saw a policeman, just maybe fifty feet along here throw a big log down to the bottom of the line. It's still there, and then I scrambled down this way and lost my footing about half way down, skidded to the bottom banged my foot back
Footage - people running across railway lines
But then I just carried on. I crossed right across the railway lines
END OF PART ONE
Battle for Orgreave
Footage - mining village
I left school at fourteen years of age and jobs were hard to get then. I took a bit because I had weak eyes. Me dad didn't want me to go in the pit but there was nothing else, only pit work round here. So I started down in the pit in 1925.
Caption: Tom Rossington
I was born in the village in 1897. I well remember as a child the beginning of each working day. At five o'clock in the morning the colliery buzzer blasted forth for quite a time, reminding miners that it was time that they began to stir. One always felt a deep respect for the men who were willing to earn their living in the conditions underground which existed in those days
Man with dog
Caption: Reuben Pyott
I've had various injuries during me working life of fifty one years
Sepia photos - men in lift shaft
..fingers broken, cartilages out at knees, slip discs, fractured skull, I've had the lot. But I've still gone back to the pit. If I'd taken the letter the doctor had given me at the Royal Infirmary at Sheffield, they wouldn't have taken me back at the pit. Not to do any stooping, no lifting, no noise ... I just chucked it in the fire and went back to me old job. It's better conditions now than ever they were in private enterprise.
Sepia photos - men down mine shafts
They've always wanted twelve men clamouring after one man's job for £30. And I used to live there. I used to be working until eight o'clock at Sunday night and Saturday s as well, on .maintenance work and I tell you I never brought above £30 in all me working life.
National Coal Board certificate for long service
I've been retired now ten year come Christmas. I was sixty five.
Crest - The United Steel Companies Limited
Caption: Lawrence Milward
But 1947 and 1948, you know, I were working sixteen hours at Monday, twelve hours at Tuesday, and sixteen hours at Wednesday, twelve hours Thursday, and sixteen hours Friday and twelve h ours Saturday, twelve hours Sunday. As much as a hundred hours in a week and sometimes going home with £14 when I finished. I mean, public thinks we gain a lot when we don't. We take about £73 home now, you know. I admit we get a bit overtime. It goes up to £80 and things you know.
B/W photo - backs of helmeted police facing miners
Voice sounds out of breath
The riot policemen going, hit anybody, just moved us. They're now up to the bridge. The miners have been thrown back completely. Myself, I stand behind the police lines now.
Caption: Extracts from Assistant Chief Constable Clements evidence
I have no doubt that I saw Scargill slip down the bank. I thought that he'd hit his head on the sleeper. He could not possibly have been hit by a shield carrying officer on the bank as they stayed on the road. They did not deviate from their route.
Footage - Scargill walking with miners
He was on the right hand side of me. I glanced over and the next thing I saw was one of these riot police with a riot shield hit him at the side of the arm and face.
Caption: David Moore Defendant
... and they just simply, he just flattened him as if he were a tree, just simply flattened him to the floor and then I turned to look down there and I went flying also. I was just flattened thereabout. The police come kicking, punching, hitting with truncheons, and I ended up with multiple bruising.
Photos of police attack
Scargill demonstrating what happened
At that moment one of the police officers hit me at the back of the head with a short shield. Down I went on the floor. I was covered in dust. I was cut in one arm, cut on my leg. A young lad helped me to my feet, called Peter. He dragged me; half carried me up the bank into about this point here in order to get me out of the battle zone. Ironically, Clements, the Assistant Chief Constable, at that point came over the bridge and concocted this amazing story, which was completely untrue, that I'd slipped down the bank at this point and hit my head. The only people that hit me on the head were the police in full riot gear who'd gone absolutely mad.
B/W photos - riot police
It was the most serious incident of public disorder that this country has seen this century. I do not know whether the officers were out of control in the village but I was afraid that the odd individual might hit somebody's head.
Statement of Assistant Chief Constable Clements
Orgreave was unique and I do not take responsibility for any injuries. They used the same discipline as in violence in football matches or a march. Orgreave was policed in a humane and compassionate manner.
Caption: Michael Mansfield Barrister
There had been since about 1981 groups of police officers in police support units training, training to incapacitate demonstrators. Their training has been derived from a manual which surfaced during this trial for the first time, a manual devised by Senior Police Officers attached to ACPO, Association of Chief Police Officers, who have a responsibility for certainly some of the events that occurred during the miners' strike and the mutual aid policy.
Stills - police and miners
There were serious acts of violence by senior and junior police officers in charge of those police support units known as short shield units, units that had never before been used, never before 18th June. Those units were out of control.
Footage - man with injured head being seen to by comrades
Voices heard from tape
Well, what is that then?
Look at that
What did you step on?
Still - man's bruised back
Minding me own business, that, .mate
Somebody's phoned for an ambulance
First day on the picket line this lad, and look what he gets.
I don't think there's been a policeman charged yet.
Miners talking to camera caption: Rudy Wade
The government that are wanting our President to condemn the violence. They never condemned the violence of the police and they used the truncheon, knocking the pickets to the ground. It was just peaceful picketing and TV. There was hitting behind the head and everything.
Police on horseback chasing miners
Caption: edited ITN news footage
The government is supposed to be law and order. It never condemned the police. This was a real mockery I mean.
Miner shaking head
No, I mean I used to back the police up at one time. Not now. That's it. So no. it finished me with police.
Archive newspaper item
Wednesday 6th April 1921
The industrial crisis has become the main issue in the Taunton election. Sir Arthur Griffith- Boscawen speaking at Appley Cross yesterday said the coal strike was simply a revolutionary movement. The question before the electors was whether the Miners' Federation or the Government should rule. The Government was fighting a greater danger than the German was menace.
Newspaper headline "Beware enemy within" says Thatcher
The one thing that upset me about Mrs Thatcher, when she called us "the enemy within"....
Miner's wife /mother
Caption: Julia Whysall
Now I've got a boy fighting in the Falklands. He were on a frigate in the Falklands and I've got a husband and son working out her and I don't want one being a hero and another one being an enemy within because it's wrong. I mean he was awarded a mention in despatches in Northern Ireland at nineteen. Of course they were brave boys, but I think as much about my boys as brave working without pay as that one in the forces, so why should she call them "the enemy within"? Which is wrong.
Video footage - riot police, shouting
Man running round a corner, out of breath
Caption: James O'Brien
I run and I stood here. Two or three of the pickets were around the back. Two or three of the riot police chased them. One came past here on his own. As I was stood against the wall, he just ran past, lashed out with his truncheon....
B/W photo - miner with blood streaming from eye
Hit us on the eye, split me eye and I just started pouring with blood
Man walking through trees
Caption: Bill Greenaway Defendant
I was walking through there. I had cream buns in one hand. I came on my own and I was hit across the back of my head. I fell down. As I was getting up, there was police everywhere. Boys running, and men. As I was getting up somebody hit me over and I went down there. When I was getting up from there I went to pick my cream buns up and the policeman came and he clapped me across the wrist, across there with a truncheon. He said "You leave them bun things there."
Man sitting on step
Caption: Arthur Critchlow Defendant
After being struck on the head, the next thing I remember is coming round sitting on these steps here with the two arresting officers and all the area around full of police and other prisoners being brought in, to comments from police officers such as "Bastards, you're not very hard now you're away from your mates" You know, the odd punch in the face or a kick, things like that and then taken into this building here behind me for to have me photograph taken and to be interviewed and that.
Caption: Gareth Peirce, Solicitor
I got to Rotherham Police Station and went into the cells and I suppose I still feel sick and horrified at what I saw there. I was frightened because I saw people terribly injured. I thought two of them in particular needed urgent medical attention and might not last. That was Mr Critchlow and Mr Newbiggin. There was blood all over the place so when people with dreadful wounds on their faces, their legs, their arms and on the back of their heads. There were so many people, so many people and so badly injured that they didn't look like people who'd been arrested by the process of civilian law. It wasn't that situation. I'm used to seeing people who've been arrested and sometimes hurt by the police. I'm used to that but this wasn't like that at all. It was like the wounded survivors in wartime. The men themselves were, as well as being hurt, they needed doctors. They needed doctors rather than lawyers and I wished I'd been a doctor rather than a lawyer.
Video footage - man with bloody face being taken away by riot police
We got through the day, twelve hours in the police station, and then we had to go to court in the middle of the night for the first of the bail applications and the whole process was so extraordinary, so out of the ordinary.
B/W photos - miners and police
They were treated like cattle with contempt, remanded on extraordinary bail conditions with no regard for the evidence. The prosecution was so cavalier. They didn't bother to produce evidence at court, didn't even take their statements to court on many occasions.
I was then remanded for six days and was then released by a High Court Judge sitting in chambers who released me on condition that I report to Rotherham Police Station every morning before eleven o'clock. I was on a curfew from seven o'clock at night to nine o'clock in the morning. I was not to go on BSC property, National Coal Board property, Central Electricity Generating Board, British Rail, docks .... That was the condition. So I was virtually under house arrest apart from the two hours in the morning that it took me to travel to the police station to sign a book and go back home.
What's happened over the last year has been the use of the courts and the criminal law for political purposes. Large numbers of miners, eleven thousand, were arrested last year. Mass arrests on a scale never before seen. Again for political reasons. The results of those arrests has been political trials, not in the sense that you might get them in South Africa, not that people have been arrested on the charge of holding a particular belief or that they belong to a particular subversive organisation. But for some reason or other these eleven thousand had woken up one morning and supposedly committed criminal offences. There's no way, you may think, that such a law abiding community may suddenly wake up one morning and does that. It has to be that large numbers of police officers and senior and junior officers have been prepared to fabricate evidence against this community.
B/W still - riot police and miners
I think it's one thing to physically hurt somebody. In that way, you terrorise them. There is a far different process, which is the one the defendants saw when they went to court, and that's the real terror of putting somebody on trial in such a way and in such terms that the remain convinced , whatever the strength of their case, whatever the iniquities of the prosecution case, they remain convinced, until they are acquitted, that they're going to prison for the rest of their lives, and that was reinforced from the moment they were in court by the Home Secretary strutting around the country talking about riots carrying life imprisonment.
Man on steps
They took me into a room with twenty four, convicts, if you like and each had a number and you sat on a chair with a number. And there was a chair on the other side. In between the two chairs was a partition and I remember them leading me wife in to see me, sobbing really heavy. All her nose were running, you know, I can picture it as if it were yesterday, her nose were running that heavy, it were going into her mouth, so I know. That first visit, I don't think we spoke. We, eh, just held hands over the partition like, and we just looked at each other. I think, eh, she were amazed as what I were to find ourselves in that position. You know, stitches. I've still got stitches in me head, locked up there. You know, very, it must have been harder for her than for me. It must have been very worrying times for her.
Michael Mansfield - Barrister
It's no coincidence that during the strike, the Police and Criminal Evidence Bill, which give the police greater powers to stop, arrest, search, hours of custody and also, interestingly, road blocks, was going through the Houses of Commons, giving these extended and draconian powers to the police. It's no coincidence that while these trials are going on concerning miners, the Police Federation are calling for certain extra powers to deal with what they call "those picketing" and the Home Secretary has finally come out and indicated the police are going to be given the power to decide how many people can gather together, where they can gather together and for how long.
Gareth Peirce - Solicitor
Perhaps as the trial proceeds those in the dock are beginning to get some sense of release of the pressure, and the ultimate expectation that they're going to be exonerated. But that doesn't repay them for a year of keeping them underneath that grotesque power of the state. It will never repay them for that.
Man on step - Arthur Critchlow
Being treated as a criminal, imprisoned and beaten by police, well, for basically being on strike to save your job. It's wrong and it's a bitter pill. It's a bitter pill to swallow. It's something we'll never forget as long as we live, eh, you know, I haven't told me children yet that I've been in prison and me wife didn't tell them then, when I was in prison, for fear of upsetting them, but I'm sure when they're older and I tell them that I was in prison, I don't think that they'll walk with their heads down, thinking their dad was some sort of convict, a thief or a rapist or whatever. I think they'll walk with their head held high and their chest out and say "Look. Arthur Critchlow is my dad and I'm proud of him"
B/W photo - police helmets
Looking back on the 18th of June, there is one thing I would change. I was a little wrong I being late in bringing out the protective shields, having considered my answer I do regret that.
Video footage - miners in riot with mounted police dispersing them
Caption: Kevin Marshall Defendant
As we stood there, police come, charged up the road with the horses. So we walked over. And as there were quite s few of us stood round, I put me hands on the top of the car like that to show I wasn't throwing stones. And a horse came round there. They forced us out and as we ran out I ended up falling over here. So I fell over and got back up like that. I had to walk so I walked over here. There was a police man coming up here towards me so I put my hands on top of the car to tell him to withdraw his attack but he wouldn't stop. So I just moved over here, and as I moved over, he came at me with his truncheon, with his shield, sorry. And as he hit me I fell over the car, like that .....
As I was coming up he started hitting me with his truncheon. I couldn't tell him to stop and as I got off the car like that. He pulled me by the leg and dragged me, kept on dragging me over here. I didn't have time to put me foot down. He wouldn't stop. Then I stopped here. He told me to stand still, put me hands round me back, put handcuffs on me and started making me walk from here like that.
Video footage - camera is unsteady at first
At Orgreave, us miners experienced first hand the full power of the state against industrial workers. And if people think they could only be used against miners or people on peace rallies, they'd better open their eyes a little bit because this government will use it against anyone to get their own means. What Kinnock and people like that want you to believe is that all you have to do is wait and bide your time, and vote in the Labour government in the next election and then everything will be right. Well, that presupposes that the state is some kind of separate tool that each successive government can pick up and use in whatever way it wants to. It's absolute rubbish Getting a Labour government is still a capitalist state.
Stills - riot
The state'll be used against him and if it attempts to renationalise to go on a programme of socialist policies, the capitalist state will arm itself against him and stop him at every toss and turn. There's no way voting for the Labour government will be the answer. The answer has to be that the working class will rise up. It'll smash the capitalist state and it'll take power. It'd have no choice but to do that.
Caption: Lesley Boulton
By the time I got here, the major police charge had already taken place. There was all hell let loose. There were policemen, pickets charging about all over the place. It was absolutely clear that there was no discipline or control by the police at all I arrived on the pavement here and I noticed that there was an injured man here. I climbed over the wall. He seemed to have rib injuries, seemed to be in a lot of pain. He was groaning. And I climbed over the wall and I knelt down by his head here. I recall having to hold my camera back so it didn't hit him on the head.
B/W photo - man on ground
It seemed to me that he may have broken ribs and needed an ambulance so I stood up. There was a police officer standing in the road. I called to him: "Can you please get an ambulance? There's an injured man here" at that moment I noticed something happening here. I turned round and this police officer was about to hit me on the head with a truncheon. I ducked and somebody pulled me from behind and I went down like that. He just missed me and I felt the truncheon go down past my side like that. I felt the wind of it go past me.
B/W photo - incident mentioned
It was very quick and very frightening.
B/W photo - mounted police hitting a man with a truncheon
Me for one. I'll be damned if I sit back and let it happen. And I know what people would say if it were us, me as well
To Mrs Thatcher, Leon Britan and the rest of them, police forces, we're organised in this thing
Caption: Eric Newbiggin Not Guilty
I will fight for me job. I will fight for me union. I will fight for any union
Caption: Brian Moreland Not Guilty
We're here to fight for us livelihood and us communities and if that's what it takes we shall fight again
Caption: Bernard Jackson Not Guilty
I stood by my principles for a year
Caption: Michael Wilson Not Guilty
We've been slightly beaten up but we'll never be beaten. We'll be back. That's the message I'd like to give her
Caption: Craig Waddington Not Guilty
Caption: Ernie Barber Not Guilty
Caption: David Bell Not Guilty
Caption: David Coston Not Guilty
Caption: Arthur Critchlow Not Guilty
Caption: George Forster Not Guilty
Caption: George Foulds Not Guilty
Caption: Bill Greenaway Not Guilty
Caption: Kevin Marshall Not Guilty
Caption: David Moore Not Guilty
Caption: James O'Brien Not Guilty