Plastic China

A portrait of poverty, ambition and hope set in a world of waste

Plastic China Laughter of playing children echoes through vast rolling hills of plastic waste. This recycling plant is home to Pen and his daughter Yi Jie, who is desperate for an education; and boss Kun, determined to improve his family's lot. Over time, one man moves closer to prosperity, whilst the other stagnates in poverty. This poetic doc exposes the lives of those on the fringes of global capitalist realities, a far cry from the communist dream.

Eleven year-old Yi Jie finds a shoe catalogue buried in a mound of plastic debris. She excitedly points to the pairs she wants, carefully cutting out the pictures. Later, her brother picks out a newspaper advert for a beach holiday in America. He is enchanted by the thought of floating in the bright turquoise water. These images, scavenged from the rubbish heap, give these children a glimpse into a faraway world.

Kun, the boss, is working hard to make this world a reality for his family. Balancing at the top of a precarious heap of plastic, he sweats as he throws armfuls into an incinerator. "I work like this so I can support my family. Make more money, give them better lives." For Kun, the key is providing education for his children: "after the [recycled] pellets are produced, then we can afford the tuition."

Peng, one of his employees, has different priorities: "[Drink] is the purpose of making money…I can't eat anything without beer." Peng is also less concerned about his daughter's schooling: "I've never gone to school, I couldn't care if she goes to school or not."

The opposing attitudes of the men quickly develop into resentments. Peng thinks he is underpaid. Kun is not happy with the standard of Peng's work and his commitment to drinking. Before long, this tension erupts into a violent confrontation in front of workers and their families.

Over time, whilst one man moves closer to prosperity, the other stagnates in poverty. Kun buys a shiny new car, and sends his son Qiqi to school. Peng tries to move his family back to their village, but he can't afford the bus ticket and humbly returns to the factory.

Soon, young Qiqi and Yi Jie have very different futures mapped out for them. As Kun and Qiqi ride in a taxi below the skyscrapers of Beijing, Kun tell his son his plans for him: college and a "rich person's life" in the city. By contrast, Yi Jie has given up ambitions of education, wishing only to work to earn money for her brothers and sisters. "I'm small and mighty" she says confidently. With no education in a competitive and globalised world, she will have to be.
FULL SYNOPSIS

The Producers


Director of the award-winning and impactful documentary film BEIJING BESIEGED BY WASTE, Jiuliang Wang graduated from the Communication University of China, School of Cinematic Arts in 2007. From 2007 to 2008, he finished a set of photography work about Chinese traditional superstitions. He started investigating the landfill pollution around Beijing in 2008. In 2011, he finished BEIJING BESIEGED BY WASTE, a set of photography work and a documentary with the same name. From 2012 to now, he has been working on the documentary PLASTIC CHINA, which premiered at Sundance 2017.

Making The Film


In March 2011, I carried out a detailed research on disposal of garbage from Europe and US in China. During the research, I’m skeptical about the prosperous landscape of China under the long-term economic growth mode of “pollution for development”, as the “prosperity” is accompanied with huge environmental crisis and reconciled social contradictions among different stratums. I went to a small town in northern China which has more than 30 years’ history of plastic waste processing as its core industry and involves almost all people in this town. Although the local economy seem booming by the processing industry, the environment of the town was seriously polluted. There is no clean water, no fresh air and no safe food. A lot of people who lives there are suffering a variety of deadly diseases.


With a lot of doubts in my mind, I wanted to learn more about the people who live there. I wanted to know what kind of life styles they have and what kind of value judgment they have. I expected to find the answers by making this documentary film. I believe that even the most common life can reveal the gene of the society. I hope the audience can understand the properties of ‘plastic’ that are commonly found across different aspects of China, and also hope the audience can be aware this attribute to the joint action of current Chinese system and global consumerism system.

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