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00:00:00;01     00:00:03;24     AFRICAN BROTHERS       
     I came from Ghana to Burkina, from Burkina to Niger,
Niger to Algeria and Algeria to Morocco.       
00:00:58;09     00:01:02;05     We've been here two years now       
00:01:02;22     00:01:05;08     This is where we live       
00:01:38;15     00:01:42;06     This is what we are eating to survive       
00:01:27;07     00:01:31;20     Look at my body, right here, I'm sitting on detritus       
00:01:32;10     00:01:36;23     I live in the forest like an animal, a person living in the forest is like an animal       
00:01:40;07     00:01:43;10     Police are pursuing you to catch you, to deport you       
00:01:47;04     00:01:51;16     They came here one time, they burnt everything including our passports. Everything.       
00:01:55;14     00:01:59;22     You enter here before you know how the situation is.       
00:01:59;22     00:02:03;18     But, you can't go forward       
00:02:04;15     00:02:09;18     When leaving your country if you knew it was hell, you would not come       
00:02:10;12     00:02:12;04     What's your age?        
00:02:12;04     00:02:15;12     My age? 16 years       
00:02:16;10     00:02:19;17     My two brothers are over there       
00:02:19;17     00:02:21;16     One in Germany, the other in Belgium       
00:02:26;12     00:02:30;16     I'm surrounded, I'm stuck here. I cannot go forward, I can't go back        
00:02:35;20     00:02:39;01     We have nothing back in our countries       
00:02:39;01     00:02:41;19     No families, no friends       
00:02:41;19     00:02:44;03     nothing, no work       
00:02:44;03     00:02:45;19     I'm illiterate       
00:02:45;22     00:02:50;03     I did not go to school because my family is poor       
00:02:53;14     00:02:57;01     Like the others, like me, I'm just 17       
00:02:57;01     00:02:59;15     Look how I'm suffering from this country       
00:02:59;15     00:03:01;10     All because I have nothing back       
     You also keep in mind that you have to try moving forward
or try to go back to your country       
00:03:20;10     00:03:22;20     Or somewhere you could have a better life       
00:03:22;22     00:03:23;09     We aren't just here to try to go to Europe       
00:03:26;12     00:03:30;13     We are just looking for a way to have a better life, that's all       
        Voice Over       
   00:03:37;15        The Kingdom of Morocco has long history as both a destination and stop over point for north African immigration.        
        Within this history, the plight of Sub-saharan africans in search of a better life is a story that rarely gets told.       
        Abdou's experiences are typical of what many have faced on this challenging path.       
        The young senegalese migrant has now been living in Morocco for two years.       
        Travelling from Casablanca to Oujda, through Nador and Melilla,       
        Abdou is an expert guide along the well worn migrant route.       
        Along the way are many would-be travellers, heading towards uncertain promise.        
        Voiceless and invisible, they are often reduced to a faceless mass within the public debate that surrounds mass immigration.        
        For decades, public fears over the threat of immigration have been reinforced by politicians and a media that's reliant on racial stereotypes.
        In reality, the people making this journey come from a rich mix of cultures, religions and nationalities.       
        For those that come this way the stopover in Morocco can be brutal.       
   00:05:04;08        Most of the sub-Saharan migrants enter the the country through Maghnia to Oujda       
        at the border between Algeria and Morocco       
00:05:12;12     00:05:14;00     What are you suffering from?        
00:05:15;03     00:05:16;18     From a lot of things       
00:05:16;19     00:05:20;03     That's what we were talking about, the pain when you try to jump over the border       
00:05:20;04     00:05:22;01     Abdou : It is general fatigue       
00:05:22;08     00:05:26;19     Fatigue, and also the daily expulsions by Moroccans       
00:05:27;18     00:05:30;00     It's not easy       
        Voice Over       
     Today the principal piece of legislation governing migration in Morocco is law 02.03.        
         It was adopted in 2003; the same time as legislation against terrorism, in a general climate of suspicion.       
          Marking a Shift towards a European style of migration management,       
         this Act criminalised emigration.        
00:05:57;21     00:05:59;23     My name is Kerzazi Mohamed       
00:06:00;05     00:06:06;22     I'm a member of AMDH, Moroccan Association of Human Rights here in Oujda       
00:06:07;14     00:06:12;05     We work on the ground in the forest of Oujda       
00:06:12;06     00:06:16;00     Or on the Campus and also in a place known as "gala"       
00:06:16;01     00:06:20;14     These are marginalized areas away from the city center       
00:06:22;06     00:06:29;12     Simply because they move away to avoid regular police interventions       
00:06:31;02     00:06:36;14     If we focus on minors and pregnant women -        
00:06:36;23     00:06:42;10     there have been many times when we've found them at the police station       
00:06:46;07     00:06:49;09     Normally, they should let us get out of here       
00:06:49;16     00:06:54;04     Now the Moroccans are keeping us here even more than Europe       
00:06:55;10     00:06:58;08     Abdou : They're doing the job for Europeans       
        Voice Over       
00:07:01:14         As soon as they can, most migrants leave Oujda for other horizons.       
         Many try their luck in the coastal town of Nador       
          Either braving the hostile mountains on one side of the town, or       

     the rocky slopes slipping down to the Spanish enclave of Melilla on the other.       
          From the Gourougou mountain       
          they just wait for an opportunity to reach Europe       
          On the Spanish side       
          The Guardia civil  (Civil Guard) at the border hands captured migrants back to Moroccan police       
          On the Moroccan side it's even worse.       
          Systematic violence is the norm, inflicted with ferocity       
          ‘Fortress Europe' has become impenetrable -        
         a private club of countries sealed from outsiders.       
00:07:44;24     00:07:49;18     Father Esteban Velazquez - Migration Delegation       
     The news we got from the immigrants is that, like many other occasions, there was an attempt to jump the fence       
00:07:55;13     00:08:00;00     Even if 50 people succeed, as reported       
     There are always plenty of them who don't succeed and arrive at the hospital very injured        
     which they say is as a result of the Guardia Civil or the Moroccan Security guards       
00:08:16;05     00:08:19;07     The fact is, and we only report what we notice...       
00:08:20;08     00:08:24;08     We see them in miserable health conditions       
00:08:25;13     00:08:31;10     With holes in their heads, broken bones, completely depressed       
00:08:36;24     00:08:40;01     16 people came here in these conditions       
     When they return to their base, the police arrested them and deported them to Oujda       
     We met two of them in the city center who told us the police took away their crutches       
00:08:58;14     00:09:02;19     They were left in even worse conditions than before       
     From a humanitarian point of view, It's difficult to understand how you can take crutches away from people in such conditions       
00:09:12;10     00:09:15;16     and leave them on the street without anything.       
00:09:17;05     00:09:20;07     The immigrants we know from Gourougou, Segangan, Selouan...       
00:09:22;18     00:09:26;18     I think we can say that they are living in terrible conditions       
00:09:28;03     00:09:32;01     They take advantage of the natural space which protects them       
00:09:32;20     00:09:38;15     They use stones and plastic to build their shelters       
00:09:39;19     00:09:44;03     and feed thanks to local charities       
     They don't have any other way of protecting themselves, they live like that for months, even years       
00:09:51;18     00:09:54;23     It's a very inhuman way of living       
00:09:55;20     00:09:59;18     Those who come here are the result of the situation in Sub-Saharan Africa       
00:10:00;21     00:10:06;07     And ultimately a great world injustice towards the African continent       
00:10:06;19     00:10:09;08     It's the cause of everything       
00:10:10;11     00:10:14;03     It's hypocrital to ask ourselves what we are doing with this "invasion"       
     without asking ourselves what we should do to have a fair relationship with Africa       
        Voice Over       
   00:10:23;15        Melilla is an anomoly. The colony is an officially recognised Spanish city, one of two in Northern Africa. The town is home to some 80 000 people,       
        40% of them with Moroccan ancestry.       
        Across the border, the difference in living standards is enormous.       
        The border is a rare point of contact between two countries of such wildly varying wealth.       
        Desperate to set foot on European soil       
        many immigrants try to cross the border here.       
        People here call it the ‘valla':       
        Two lines of fence seven meters tall.       
        Between the walls, is a twisted spiders web of cables connected to       
        electronic sensors, tear gas, night vision cameras and razor-sharp barbed wire.       
        In 2012, 4 million Euros were allocated to improve it.        
        There are now eleven kilometres of these high tech booby-traps, funded by the EU.       
00:11:24;02     00:11:28;22     José Palazon Osma - Human Right activist       
00:11:28;23     00:11:34;06     Last Thursday more than 150 immigrants jumped the fence       
00:11:37;04     00:11:43;19     50 of them got into the political opposition leader's house, Mustafa Aberchan       
     He has a garage with a slope and a fence and the immigrants used this to escape from the policemen who had beaten them up       
00:12:01;05     00:12:05;09     They jumped the fence and went into the garage       
00:12:06;16     00:12:14;03     To get them out, police used the tear gas, beat them up and broke the fence       
     Then Mustafa Aberchan arrived, he asked them to stop since it was his private property       
     Police didn't listen to him so he opened his door and welcomed all the immigrants inside       
     From the 51 at the beginning, there were only thirty-one left. Twenty of them had been arrested       
     We thought they were driving them to the CETI (Centre for Temporary Stay of Immigrants)       
00:12:39;21     00:12:42;23     As the police has an obligation to do so       
00:12:44;14     00:12:51;17     But 21 of them have been sent directly back to the border in a truck       
     At the border, there is a little backdoor where they use to send immigrants back to Morocco       
     The remaining 30 at Mustafa Aberchan's house went outside to negotiate with the police       
     They agreed to leave the house if the police could guarantee them they would be driven to the CETI and not deported       
00:13:25;10     00:13:28;12     The police agreed and asked them to get in the truck       
00:13:30;04     00:13:34;10     The immigrants refused and set the condition to walk to the CETI,       
00:13:35;18     00:13:43;02     escorted by Associations, ONG and political parties already on location       
00:13:44;00     00:13:47;02     The police agreed       
00:13:50;11     00:13:54;06     Thank you Lord       
00:13:56;09     00:14:02;20     Human solidarity can't ever be a crime and shouldn't be punished       
00:14:03;05     00:14:06;07     It doesn't matter what the Government says       
     Police reported everyone who helped the Immigrants, including Mustafa Aberchan...       
00:14:11;16     00:14:14;14     As far as I'm concerned, it doesn't matter       


     After three days of investigation, we reach a conclusion:
1. -  Almost 150 people entered Melilla
2. -  Between 60 and 70 registered to the CETI
3. -  Almost 60 people have been illegally and summarily deported       
        Voice Over       
   00:15:00;21        Those who conquered the border now reside in the Detention Centre for immigrants in Melilla       
        Known as The CETI, it was designed to hold 480 people       
        At the end of January 2013, there were almost 1,000        
        The wait starts here for Djamalou from Niger       
        Anouar from Tunisia and many more immigrants       
00:15:25;20     00:15:30;00     I stayed in Morocco 2 days       
00:15:30;07     00:15:36;18     I came here with a Moroccan passport       
     - You used a Moroccan passport at the border?
- Yes, I didn't jumped the fence, I came in through the border       
00:15:43;19     00:15:47;01     How did you get a Moroccan passport since you are Tunisian?        
00:15:48;10     00:15:53;03     I used a fake passport made in Morocco       
00:15:56;08     00:15:59;12     Do you still want to go to Europe?
- Yes, always       
00:16:00;08     00:16:04;08     It is Europe here, but it's like prison       
00:16:05;00     00:16:08;00     We can't go outside of Melilla, not even to go back to Morocco       
00:16:08;01     00:16:10;20     We can't move back, or forward       
00:16:14;16     00:16:18;16     Here we can do nothing, we can't work, there is nothing we can do       
00:16:18;21     00:16:22;21     We can only sleep and eat and sleep again       
00:16:23;14     00:16:25;04     Eat and sleep that's all       
00:16:29;16     00:16:34;02     Spain, Morocco and the European Union share the same responsibility       
00:16:37;20     00:16:40;22     Crimes are committed at the border       
00:16:45;07     00:16:45;06     Every day people are tortured and abused       
00:16:45;07     00:16:48;09     The border is a brutal place with no law       
     At the border, the European Union and Morocco signed an agreement so that there won't be any laws       
00:16:54;02     00:16:58;14     Once the European Union got their money, they just washed their hands of it       
     They give money to the Moroccan King who sends his army to the border to beat immigrants up       
00:17:07;23     00:17:10;12     What do we see from the outside?        
00:17:10;17     00:17:17;10     We see Moroccans beating them up and the Spanish as 'little saints' but they do the exact same thing       
00:17:18;18     00:17:21;02     That's a crime       
00:17:22;01     00:17:25;22     If you give money to someone to commit a crime       
00:17:26;22     00:17:31;13     The one who commits the crime is as guilty as the one who gave the money       
00:17:31;18     00:17:36;09     Spain, the European Union and Morocco are all guilty of what's going on here       
00:17:42;04     00:17:43;12     How old are you?        
00:17:43;13     00:17:46;02     21 years old       
00:17:50;08     00:17:52;15     What do you want to do?        
00:17:54;02     00:17:56;11     I want to go to Europe but it's complicated       
00:18:00;14     00:18:04;15     I can only tell those who are in the forest just to hurry up       
00:18:05;18     00:18:10;07     Since we are out to look for our new life they should hurry up and come also       
     Because I can't discourage them, i can only give them the courage to come also       
00:18:19;20     00:18:22;10     I have had my own shock, I was afraid       
00:18:23;21     00:18:25;12     Although some people come, others die       
00:18:25;22     00:18:33;07     People die, I saw one of my friends die in front of me       
00:18:34;02     00:18:35;18     But I can't tell them to give up, they should try       
00:18:36;07     00:18:43;02     Because in Morocco it's not good, it's not the best place to live       
00:18:51;16     00:18:56;11     They present the Sub-Saharan immigrant as 'ninjas'       
00:18:57;17     00:19:00;19     An 'immigrant ninja' with a sword trying to cross the fence       
00:19:02;15     00:19:05;17     They give a completely false picture of the reality       
00:19:08;13     00:19:12;20     All the solutions implemented are military       
00:19:15;23     00:19:19;00     First of all to criminalize immigrants       
     means that people don't accept them anymore and think of them as murderers, rapists...       
00:19:23;11     00:19:28;17     From this moment, everything is allowed       
00:19:30;04     00:19:33;06     What are the Spanish and Moroccan Governments doing at the moment?       
00:19:34;03     00:19:35;20     Exactly this       
     They are doing what Nazis did to Jews during the first phase: criminalizing them, portraying them as evil       
00:19:47;15     00:19:53;17     In order to apply maximum violence on them       
00:19:54;06     00:19:57;08     This is the actual situation       
00:20:08;21     00:20:11;23     Some people give you 2 euros, others 3 euros       
00:20:13;00     00:20:16;02     3 or 4 euros maximum       
00:20:16;15     00:20:19;17     Where do you come from?
- Tunisia       
00:20:20;09     00:20:23;11     I arrived here 3 years ago, I live in the CETI       
00:20:24;01     00:20:28;12     I sleep, I eat, it's alright, not easy but it's ok       
00:20:29;13     00:20:32;15     But after 3 years, I'm tired       
        Voice Over       
00:20:34;00         On the road, some migrants feel their only hope is for the European Union to step in andstop the manhunt,       
        unaware that Morocco's security forces are only playing Europe's policeman, albeit out of the spotlight.       
        Many rumours spread, but the reality is not getting out       
        Morrocco's solution to managing the flow of illegal immigrants, by depriving exiles of their rights, is not a new one        
        It was invented in older times for different groups       
        People in power apply decades old methods to justify denying people rights       

        "Anywhere but here" is heard countless times in the immigration debate       
        However, one question remains       
        If no country agrees to welcome the migrants       
        are they being deprived of essential human rights       
00:21:31;08     00:21:34;21     People react differently sometimes when you enter a public space       
00:21:34;24     00:21:36;17     Abdou Khadir Diaw       
00:21:36;18     00:21:41;16     They think that you are dirty, they do something like this...       
00:21:42;03     00:21:45;01     They start avoiding you and sometimes it's embarrassing       
00:21:46;01     00:21:48;04     How do you put up with it?       
     Well, it's routine, you think to yourself that you are the one who left your country for a foreign country       
00:21:54;16     00:21:57;14     You have a spirit of self-improvement       
00:21:57;18     00:22:03;24     Otherwise you would fight everyday or use bad words       
00:22:04;17     00:22:11;04     Of course it hurts your feelings but you try to get over it       
00:22:12;00     00:22:15;15     Because it's their own mentality       
     You try to swallow your anger, that's what we must do all the time even when it's very hard       
00:22:30;15     00:22:34;16     At every police station when you enter Morocco,       
00:22:35;18     00:22:39;21     they tell you 'give me a gift or we will deport you'       
00:22:41;04     00:22:45;04     Africans are very proud people       
00:22:45;16     00:22:49;21     Especially towards their family       
00:22:51;06     00:22:54;02     They are ashamed to come back empty handed       
00:22:55;07     00:23:00;08     Because great hopes are on their shoulders       
00:23:10;06     00:23:14;01     Africa will be built by its own sons and daughters       
00:23:15;23     00:23:18;15     First, we have to be patient       
00:23:18;20     00:23:21;04     We have to make the necessary efforts to build that Africa       
00:23:21;13     00:23:24;09     Europe is not going to build our African land       
00:23:27;01     00:23:29;22     First we need new political leaders,       
00:23:30;19     00:23:33;08     new mentalities       
00:23:35;01     00:23:37;22     No one else can build our own country       
00:23:39;02     00:23:43;16     I have faith in the future of poor populations       
00:23:44;21     00:23:50;09     I trust the way these people will get confidence in themselves       
00:23:50;17     00:23:54;08     Especially in places of great pain like this one       
00:23:54;17     00:23:59;18     This is where the conscious of change can happen       
00:24:01;16     00:24:05;17     My hope relies on poor populations       
00:24:06;23     00:24:09;19     It's sad that we have to compare violence       
00:24:10;04     00:24:14;00     I hope the day will come when we will compare solidarity       
   00:24:27;12     AFRICAN BROTHERS       
         'TOO YOUNG TO DIE'       
         'A HIGH WALL'        
         'SILENCE AWAIT'       
BY CDK       
BY CANTON       
         'SILENT MOTIONS'       
         'VAGUELY SPANISH GUITAR'       
         'THE LONG GOODBYE'       
        AMDH SECTION OUJDA       
        ESTEBAN VELAZQUEZ       
        AND ALL THE 'CAMARADES'       
        PETER LEE-WRIGHT       
        SIOBHAN LOCKART       


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